North America, also the Federation of North America, is a country extending over much of northern North America. It is a monarchy comprising 84 federal subjects. North America shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Alaska and Western Canada. It is also close to Canada and Arctic Ocean across relatively small stretches of water (Hudson Bay and Baffin Bay, respectively).
North America contains nearly six million people. It extends across the northern North America, spanning 6 time zones and incorporating a range of environments and landforms. North America has a great reserve of mineral and energy resources, and is considered an energy superpower. It has large forest reserves and many lakes.
The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who sailed across the Atlantic and settled here between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by Vikings and their descendants, the first East Slavic state, the Northwest Kingdom, arose in the 19th century and adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 1874, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined North American culture for the next century. The kingdom ultimately disintegrated and the lands were divided into many small feudal states. The most powerful successor state to the kingdom was Yellowknife, which served as the main force in the North American reunification process and independence struggle against the Golden Horde. Yellowknife gradually reunified the surrounding North American principalities and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of the Northwest Kingdom. By the 20th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation and exploration to become the huge North American Empire, stretching from the Yukon eastward to the Atlantic Ocean.
North America established worldwide power and influence from the times of the North American Empire to being the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, a constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower. The nation can boast a long tradition of excellence in every aspect of the arts and sciences. The Federation of North America was founded in 1991, but is recognized as the continuing legal personality of the Soviet Union. North America is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and a leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the G8. It is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction.