Population: 2,500,000 (1700)
Capital: Rouen, population: 750,000 (1700)
Other major urban areas:
Cherbourg, population: 330,000 (1700)
Le Havre, population: 145,000 (1700)
Bayeux, population: 83,000 (1700)
Administrative divisions: Normandy divided into 9 provinces
Official Language: French (97%) Norman Dialects (3%)
Culture Brief: Maritime culture centered around fish-based food, Nordic-based music and customs. Very urban society.
Religion: Christianity: Norman Church
Leader: Adela (1700- )(1658- )
Royal Advisory Council
Department of Treasury - Henri Aldije (1691- )
Department of War - Mirienne Elmonten (1699- )
Royal Charter Cabinet
The dynastic union of Normandy and Brittany came about in 1515, with a marriage of the King of Normandy and the Queen of Brittany. The partial unification was in part due to a civil war at the time.
Stability reigned for about 130 years between the two unionized kingdoms, until 1635 when Charles II of Brittany was assassinated and the throne left vacant. The kingdom fell into disarray the same year. William V ascended the Norman throne in 1637 amidst calls for war and complete unification under the Norman banner.
King William V (1637-1665)
Early years of William's reign (1637-1644)
The antebellum before the Norman-Breton war only lasted for a few years. Most of the efforts spent by the King and government were aimed towards farming projects and cultivations around Normandy. This caused a baby boom to begin in 1639. Starting the next year, tension mounted as the idea of war with Brittany became more and more vivid. Tensions rose even more when William visited Brittany in 1642, only to be subjugated to a realm so deep in civil disarray and chaos that William himself was stunned. He was shot with an arrow and was near death for seven days. Because of this insult shot at their own king, the Normans cried for war. Preparations for war began in 1643, with the extensive building and renovating of the Norman army and navy.
Norman-Breton War (1644-1650)
On March 1, 1644 William V and the Royal Council declared war on Brittany. The same year, the Norman army began their futile push into Brittany. As the war stalemated on, William and the Council made an appeal to the countries of Wales and the Netherlands for support. Finding success in none of these, the Council turned towards the eastern country of Poland. Now thirty years, William V rules over a dropping popularity and failing war. However, the tide turns slightly in 1646 as Poland finally begins sending troops to Brittany.
Early Troubles and Vassalization with Brittany (1657 - 1665)
List of Rulers
William I (1510 – 1533)
William II (1533 – 1555)
Henry (1556 – 1589)
Jeanne d'Azaren, regent in place of Francis I (1589 – 1593)
Francis I (1593 – 1617)
William III (1617 – 1619)
William IV (1619 – 1637)
William V (1637 - 1665)
Jeanne (1665 - 1700)
Adela (1700 - )
Richard V (1501 – 1522)
Joan (1523 – 1556)
Hoel III (1556 – 1579)
Charles I (1580 – 1618)
Charles II (1618-1635)
Civil Disorder and War with Normandy (1635-1650)
Hoel IV (1652 - 1687)