|Anthem: Ko e Iki he Lagi
|Official languages||Niuean, English|
|Government||Self Governing Associate State of the ANZC|
|-||Total|| 260 km2
100 sq mi
|-||July 2009 estimate||1,398|
Doomsday and The Aftermath
Niue's economy is small, with a GDP of ANZC$17 million in 2009. Most economic activity revolves around the Government, as the Government was traditionally in charge of organizing and managing the affairs of the new country since 1974. However, since the economy has reached a stage where state regulation may now give way to the private sector, there is an ongoing effort to develop the private sector. Following Cyclone Heta, the Government made a major commitment toward rehabilitating and developing the private sector.The Government allocated $1 million for the private sector, which was spent on helping businesses devastated by the cyclone, and on the construction of the Fonuakula Industrial Park. This industrial park is now completed and some businesses are already operating from it. The Fonuakula Industrial Park is managed by the Niue Business Centre, a quasi-governmental organisation providing advisory services to businesses.
Most Niuean families grow their own food crops for subsistence and some are sold at the Niue Makete in Alofi, some exported to their families in New Zealand. The Niuean taro is known in Samoa as "talo Niue" and in international markets as pink taro. Niue also exports taro to the New Zealand market. The Niue taro is a natural variety and is very resistant to pests.
Niue uses the ANZC Dollar.
Tourism has been identified as one of the three priority economic sectors (the other two are Fisheries and Agriculture) for economic development in Niue. In 2006, estimated visitor expenditure reached $1.6 million making Tourism a major export industry for Niue. Niue will continue to receive direct support from the Government and overseas donor agencies. Air New Zealand is the sole airline serving Niue, flying to Niue once a week. There is currently a tourism development strategy to increase the number of rooms available to overseas tourists at a sustainable level. Niue is also trying to attract foreign investors to invest in the tourism industry of Niue by offering import and company tax concessions as incentives.
Niue has few media, due to its small size and population. It has two broadcast media outlets, Television Niue and Radio Sunshine, managed and operated by the Broadcasting Corporation of Niue, and one printed newspaper, the Niue Star.
Arguably Niue's most prominent artist and writer is John Pule. Author of The Shark That Ate the Sun, he also paints, both on canvas and on traditional tapa cloth 2005, he co-wrote Hiapo: Past and Present in Niuean Barkcloth, a study of a traditional Niuean artform, with Australian writer and anthropologist Nicholas Thomas. Taoga Niue is a newly established Government Department responsible for the preservation of the culture, tradition and heritage of Niue. Recognising its importance, the Government has added Taoga Niue as the sixth pillar of the NISP.
Agriculture is very important to the lifestyle of Niueans and the economy. Subsistence agriculture is very much part of Niue's agriculture, where nearly all the households have plantations of taro. Taro is a staple food, and the pink taro now dominant in the taro markets in the ANZC, is an intellectual property of Niue. This is one of the natural taro varieties on Niue, and has a strong resistance to pests.
Tapioca or cassava, yams and kumaras also grow very well, as do different varieties of bananas. Copra, passionfruit and limes dominated exports in the 1970s, but in 2008 vanilla, noni and taro are Niue's main export crops.
Coconut crab is also part of the food chain; it lives in the forest and coastal areas. The last agricultural census was in 2009.
The ANZC is helping Niue convert to using renewable energy. In July 2009 a solar panel system was installed, injecting about 50 kVA into the Niue national power grid. The solar panels are installed at Niue High School (20 kW), Niue Power Corporation office and the Niue Foou Hospital. The EU-funded grid-connected PV systems are supplied under the REP-5 programme and were installed recently by the Niue Power Corporation on the rooves of the high school and the power station office and on ground-mounted support structures in front of the hospital. They will be monitored and maintained by the NPC.
Sports and Recreation
Despite Niue being a small country, a number of different sports are popular. Rugby is a popular sport played both by men and women. Netball is played only by women. There is a nine-hole golf course at Fonuakula. There is a lawn bowling green under construction. Football is popular as evidenced by the Niue Soccer Tournament.
Niue is a member of the League of Nations.