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This is a profile page for the country Nippon (Japan) and its successor states as a part of the Principia Moderni (Map Game) game. It was formally controlled by Cosman246 but now it is under the control of VonGlusenburg. This page only shows Nippon since VonGlusenburg took control of the nation (1749 onwards).
The Imperial House of Japan are the Dynasty which sit on the Imperial throne of Nippon. Nippon is a monarchy with the Emperor the head of state, however the Shogun rules in his place. The Shogun makes use of advisers and the Daimyo of the many prefectures across Nippon in order to work out government policy and enforce it.
The Daimyo lords govern their prefectures via the Machi bugyō There is a Machi bugyō office in the prefectural capital of each Prefecture, where around 100 Machi bugyō officials would oversee the running of the prefecture on the Daimyo's behalf, by running the police and fire-fighting forces of that prefecture; running the prefectural court by serving as judges in the prefectural courts; as well as managing a full range of other administrative and judicial responsibilities; including managing the tax revenue from the prefecture's citizens. However, the Machi bugyō offices where shut down following the 1851 Democracy Act, and replaced with the prefectural Diets.
The 1851 Democracy Act
However after the 1851 rebellion, the Shogun has forced into giving more political power away, and the 1851 Democracy Act was brought in to do so. The Democracy Act gave every native male Nipponese citizen the right to vote in the prefectural elections and the ministerial elections. The prefectural government was made up of a democratically elected Diet which was overseen by the Daimyo of that prefecture (sort of like a mini-constitutional monarchy) who acts as the speaker of that Diet. A Diet Representative was elected from each village district in the prefecture. Towns were split up into multiple village districts if they were large enough so they could be more fairly represented too. Prefectural elections take place every 5 years.
As well as the prefectural government you have the ministries of government. The chief councillor for a ministry would be elected based on their manifesto for what they wanted to do with their ministry, and then they would run the ministry, usually appointing their political allies positions working in the ministry. Ministerial elections take place every 7 years.
Then in the colonies of Nippon there are colonial elections which take place every 6 years, which elect a Diet to run the colony. The colonial Diets have a representative from each district of the colony, and the colonial Diets are then lead by the governor of that colony, who is appointed by the Bakufu. His role is very similar to that of the speaker.
The Bakufu would then be the glue which bound together the various ministries together, and helped co-ordinate the ministries in running the nation. The Bakufu is lead by the Shogun, and is in charge of delegating the ministerial budgets. In times of crisis the Shogun can take executive control over the nation & run it himself bypassing the ministerial & prefectural governments via Shogunial edicts, until the crisis was averted.
The 1861 National Diet Act
Following the elections of 1860 and seeing how low voter turnout is, a survey is carried out to find out why that was the case. The survey showed that most of the Nipponese people were confused with the Bakufu-Ministry system, and there are too many positions you need to vote for. To try to remedy this, Nipponese politicians decide to change the system and join together the splintered ministries before they grow too far apart. This political change manifested in the 1861 National Diet Act.
The Act replaced the Bakufu-Ministry system with a National Diet. The National Diet is very similar to the prefectural Diet system, but the Shogun resides as the Diet's speaker rather than a Daimyo lord. And just like in the old system, in times of crisis the Shogun can take executive control over the nation and run it himself bypassing the national and prefectural Diets via Shogunial edicts, until the crisis was averted.
The representatives are elected by the people from each of the constituencies. Constituencies are bigger than village districts but smaller than prefectures, and there is usually six or seven constituencies in a prefecture, but this number depends on the population of the prefecture (for example Edo prefecture has 15 constituencies in it because of its high population). Elections are very five years.
The Daimyo council was also reformed under the act, but as an advisory body rather than as a legislative body.
The 1875 Constitution
The 1875 constitution removed the title of Shogun from the Tokugawa clan's hold, and also set up the National Diet of Nippon to be the head ruling parliament of the land, second only to the Emperor. However, the Emperor is not meant to really get involved in politics and instead the Emperor is to only make decisions (e.g. nullifying legislation) if the Emperor believes with all his wisdom that the decision is wrong and the people of Nippon are against it. The Emperor also has to give Imperial assent to legislation and carrying out ceremonial functions. The Emperor is still the head of state though, and can make executive decisions but if the Emperor did, then a civil war may break out, so the Emperor is advised to not use his full powers. The National Diet elects a Shogun, this Shogun usually being the leader of the political party with the most seats in the National Diet. The Shogun then picks the ministers for each of the ministries of the Nipponese government, and he also leads the National Diet.
The Daimyo of a prefecture oversee the prefectural Diet of their prefecture, but do not lead the prefectural Diet, they act as the speaker of the prefectural Diet instead, and the prefectural Diet elects a first minister to lead the prefectural Diet.
Administrative DivisionsNippon is split up into 14 regions, are then split up into 56 prefectures spanning across the Nippon home islands (Hokkaidō, Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū), as well as the Nansei islands, Karafuto, Kamochatoka, the Arutian islands, Satotochi (North Luzon island) and the Chishima (Kuril) islands. These prefecture divisions in the home islands can be seen on the map opposite. The entire Nansei Island chain is a prefecture as are the entire Chishima and Arutian island chains too. Karafuto is also a prefecture now after the Karafuto colony became part of the Nipponese nation properly, and the rest of Karafuto was annexed following the the Karafuto reclamation war of 1777-1786. Kamchatoka became a prefecture of Nippon in 1790 too.
Each prefecture is ruled by a Daimyo who are in charge of administrating their own region. These Daimyo are also part of the Daimyo council which consort with the Shogun and his advisers on running Nippon. Each region also has a Regional Daimyo council where the Daimyo of that region meet up, to discuss matters concerning running the region, however these aren't that important when compared to the national Daimyo council with the Shogun, since this is where the policy making takes place. The regional councils are more for Daimyo supporting one another to rule their own prefecture; for example if a Tsunami was to hit a prefecture, then the other prefectures in the region would be the first to help, and other prefectures in different regions would help out if necessary or forced to do so by the Shogun. However the prefectures which take up the whole region like Chishima and Nansei prefectures their regional councils are different, as instead of being each prefecture Daimyo of the region, it is instead the governor of the individual islands in these prefectures.
- The Colony of Ringga: Founded in 1819 following the Second Neapolitan-Pahang War, Nippon gained the Lingga islands, which are just off the coast of Sumatra. Nippon consolidated the territory of the Lingga islands she had acquired from the war by forming a colony comprising the Lingga islands into the colony of Ringga. A naval base, and a port are present on the north of Lingga island in the capital Port Ringga, and the colony is used primarily as a stopping point for Nipponese ships travelling to the west. Plantation work is also carried out on the island by the Tadagani Corporation. The Tadagani Corporation own the full plantation rights of the colony, and their plantations grow crops including sugar, cocoa, coffee, and fruits. Because of these plantations, the Tadagani Corporation employ the local people to work in the plantations mostly, and have created a sort of class system in Ringga colony, by establishing a ruling Nipponese class, and a working native class. Otherwise the main Nipponese port of Port Ringga in the north of Lingga Island is an important trade centre for Nipponese trade, a stopping point for Nipponese ships heading westwards, and is the capital of the colony. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a trading post colony.
- The colony of Nikoman: 1833- Following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Nippon gained Hanthawaddy's territory in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and made the colony of Nikoman from the territories. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a trading post colony.
- The colony of Papua Nipponia: 1833- The colony of Atarashii Nippon was founded around OTL Rabaul, Papa New Guinea, in 1807; following the efforts of the Inaba clan, and its head Inaba Masanobu who wanted to start another trading company to rival the Satsuma Corporation and Nishio Sugar Company, but needed land for plantations, and the Inaba clan couldn't get the required land in Satotochi colony because of the Satsuma-Nishio corporate control over the colony. After a while, following the Finnish-Turnate War of 1817, Nippon gained Misool island, Morotai island, Seram Laut and a few other smaller islands in the east of the Turnate nation; and then incorporated those islands into the colony of Papua. Then following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Hanthawaddy's OTL New Guinea territories where added to the colony of Papua and the colony of Papua gained territorial claims over all of New Guinea. Nippon also gained the Hanthawaddian territory on OTL Cape York Peninsula, Australia; which Nippon made into the Nipponese colony of Gosobudan. However fearing the bureaucratic costs of having so many colonies to separately administrate, the Shogun decided to combine the Nipponese colonies of Gosobudan, Papua and Atarashii Nippon into a single colony known as Papua Nipponia in 1833. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a Nipponese colony. The Gosobudan part of the colony separated from Papua Nipponia in 1875 to become its own colony once again.
Vassal states of Nippon
- Chamoru: Chamoru is located in OTL Mariana Islands and was formed after the Imperial Nipponese Navy reached the Mariana Islands and make contact with the local Chamorro people on the islands. After some negotiations with a local chieftain, the chieftain agreed to become an ally of Nippon and has his Chiefdom became a vassal of Nippon; thus creating the Nipponese Vassal State of Chamoru on July 1st 1776. Chamoru has since gone on to annex the rest of the Mariana islands too, following the Chamoru expansion taking place from 1799 until 1801. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as an associate state.
- Shuubudan: Shuubudan was created after the colonists of Gosobudan and Shuujin demanded greater powers in self-determination. Nippon gave in to the orders and merged the colonies of Gosobudan and Shuujin into the "Nipponese dominion of Gosobudan and Shuujin" in 1946. Then in 1950 the dominion changed it name to the "Nipponese Dominion of Shuubudan" in order to give the state a single national identity and to make the union of the two regions seem more permanent.
Former Nipponese colonies, puppet states and vassals
- Kamchatka/Kamochatoka Colony: 1752-1790 Ascended to becoming an actual part of the proper Nipponese nation as Kamochatoka prefecture.
- Karafuto colony: 1752-1778 Ascended to becoming an actual part of the proper Nipponese nation as Karafuto prefecture.
- North Brunei: 1832-1834 Persia offered their puppet state in Northern Brunei/Borneo for sale in exchange for to be removed from the bottom of the pecking order. Nippon accepted this deal as it benefited Nippon greatly, however after the true financial & economic costs of the Hanthawaddian war were truly revealed, Nippon needed to quickly build up her financial reserves to stop herself from going bankrupt. They sold their recently gained Sumyagato colony to Sweden to try to do this, but it wasn't enough so after hearing the interest of Brunei to buy Northern Nipponese Brunei, Nippon had to accept really to save the nation. Nippon did negotiate hard though, securing enough cash to save Nippon and strengthened the Nipponese-Brunei alliance a lot by adding a clause that Brunei shall always send military aid to Nippon when Nippon is at war, and it shall be assumed that Brunei is sending military aid to Nippon during war unless Brunei specifically says that they aren't sending aid. Brunei agreed but with some noted unease about supporting Nippon in her more aggressive actions.
- Sumyagato colony: 1833 Gained from Hanthawaddy following the The Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Hanthawaddy's OTL New Caledonia territory became the Nipponese colony of Sumyagato, but the colony had to be sold off to Sweden in order to stop Nippon from defaulting from her war debts, only a few months after gaining the colony.
- The colonies of Atarashii Nippon (est. 1807), Papua (est. 1823), and Gosobudan (est. 1833) were combined into Papua Nipponia in 1833. This was to save on the bureaucratic costs of running three separate colonies compared to just one. Gosobudan however was later restarted as the bureaucracy in Papua Nipponia tended to favour the former Atarashii Nippon and Papua rather than Gosobudan. The Gosobudan colonists made their voices clear, and the colony was restarted in 1875 as a colony for all of Nippon's Australian colonies.
- Ngainkeha: 1833-1853 Ngainkeha is located in eastern Australia, and was formed after rebels in the former Hanthawaddian colony of Ngainkeh sided with Nippon so they could gain independence. Nippon formed an alliance with the rebels, and following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War Ngainkeh managed to free itself from the White Elephant republic and became a vassal state of Nippon. After 15 or so years of being a vassal state of Nippon, Ngainkeha decided to move towards full independence so that the nation could be more democratic and free to govern themselves however they pleased. However Ngainkeha gained full independence from Nippon on good terms, and signed the Pact of Iron with Nippon, so the two nations have a military alliance, numerous trade deals, mutual cooperation in times of war, and the universities of Ngainkeha & Nippon join the Universities of the Pacific Rim Cooperation Group.
- Sunda: 1821-1871 Nippon backed a coup in Sunda in 1821 to bring the nation of Sunda out of civil disarray and to stop the pirate problems around Java, Nippon's Ringga Grand Fleet were sent to support a Pro-Nipponese coup in Sunda, and this coup was successful, thus creating the Nipponese puppet state of Sunda and ending the vast majority of the pirate problems around Java. The puppet government was ruled by the Sultan of Sunda, whose actions where overseen by the Nipponese delegates in the Sultanate, the first overseer being Matsudaira Sadanobu who was a former close advisor to the Shogun. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as an associate state. Then in 1871 in during the Mesheryakovist civil war, with the help of the Coalition of the Pacific, the Sultan of Sunda takes control of Sunda and joins the Coalition of the Pacific. The Sultan declared independence for Sunda and helped the Coalition defeat Shogun Iemochi. Since independence Sunda and Nippon remained close allies and trade partners.
- The colony of Sokotara: 1833-1872 Following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Nippon gained the former Hanthawaddian colony of Raikmoh in the Socotra archipelago and the Hanthawaddian territory in southern Arabia. Nippon joined these two territories into the Nipponese colony of Sokotara. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a trading post colony. During the Mesheryakovist civil war, Akram Akbar declared himself Sultan of Sokotara following a coup, and he set up a fundamentalist Islamic state with himself as Absolute ruler. Sokotara allied themselves with the Caliphate and Sultan Akbar had died, Sokotara was incorporated into the Caliphate.
- The colony of Korubia: 1833-1872 Following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Nippon gained the Hanthawaddian territory in OTL Central American and Northwestern Colombia. These territories where then combined to form the Nipponese colony of Korubia. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a native colony. During the Mesheryakovist civil war, Kyon Tapuri led coup in Korubia against the tyranical Shogun Iemochi. This coup is almost bloodless, as most of the colonial government are against Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi's rule. Tapuri declares Nippon's former Korubia colony independent as the United States of America, and governed by a constitution giving everybody equal rights (that's all ethnicities and sexes).
- The Colony of Satotochi: 1757-1909 This colony was founded around OTL Gonzaga in 1757, it was founded after the efforts of Daimyo Nishio Tadanao, who wanted Nippon to have her own supply of tropical goods like sugar, tropical fruit, coffee, etc. Small scale manufacturing, sugar cane plantations, tropical fruit orchards, logging and fishing are Satotochi's main industries. The colonial capital is Tadanao (named in honour of the colony's founder, Nishio Tadanao) and it is situated around OTL Gonzaga, Cagayan. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony was designated as a Nipponese colony. Then around the turn of the century and the late 1800s, discussions for Satotochi to join the Nipponese Empire itself at prefectural level started due to Satotochi's long period of control by Nippon and large majority Nipponese population, and this majority's desire to become part of the empire itself and get the same rights as their fellow countrymen in Nippon itself. Eventually Satotochi became part of Nippon itself.
- The Sultanate of Brunei (vassal state): 1915-1937 Brunei fell into civil disarray in 1915 and Nippon moved in to help prop up the Bruneian government. A civil war raged on as Nipponese backed Brunei took back the Bruneian successor states the Republic of Malaya and the Dayak Confederacy. The civil war ended in 1920 and Nippon helped to modernize the nation. Eventually Brunei got closser to neighbouring Kōshi as Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin of Brunei married Empress Mikaela Tanaka of Kōshi to create the the Imperial Confederation of Saigyō. Upon Brunei merging with Kōshi, Brunei seized to be a vassal state of Nippon and instead part of the confederation of Saigyō.
- Wandaarando (ワンダーランド): 1889-1945 This colony used to be part of the Swedish colony of Wonderlaand but Nippon bought this part of Swedish Wonderlaand in 1889. Nippon decided to Nipponize the original name and allowed Swedish to remain as an official language of the colony, but Japanese was heavily encouraged. The colony is a big supporter of Swedish nationalism but this tended to be suppressed by the Swedish government. Then in 1945, a referendum on independence was demanded mostly by the Swedish population of the colony. The referendum found 68% in favour of independence. Some Wandaarando colonists though didn't wish to leave Nippon and is feeling was most prevalent in the Salomon islands. So after much deliberation between Nippon and the Wandaarando independence movement, it was decided that the Wandaarando colonists who wish to remain part of Nippon were to move to the Salomon islands and the independence wanting Wandaarando colonists in the Salomon islands swap houses with them. The Salomon islands become part of the Nipponese colony of Papua Nipponia, whereas the rest of Wandaarando gains independence as the Republic of Wonderlaand.
- The colony of Shuujin: 1833-1871 (penal colony) & 1871-1875 (under rebel/coalition of the Pacific control) & 1875-1877 (part of Gosobudan colony) & 1877-1946 (normal colony) Following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War, Nippon gained Hanthawaddy's territories near OTL Darwin, Australia and made them into the colony of Shuujin. Shuujin is used mostly as a penal colony, where Nipponese convicts are sent to for live imprisonment/exile. Under the 1835 Social Stratification Act the colony is designated as a penal colony; meaning that the criminal "underclass" of the empire is forced to go live here after being exiled to Shuujin for serious crimes. However following the Mesheryakovist civil war, the colony was changed from a penal colony to a normal colony, being joined with former Gosobudan colony to form the colony of Gosobudan once again. However in 1877, the former Shuujin colony separated itself from Gosobudan colony after a plebiscite showed the Shuujin colonists believed the colonial government in Gosobudan were acting only with the interests of Gosobudan in mind. Shuujin was re-established as just a normal colony. Then in 1946 with desire for greater automony, the colony was merged with the Gosobudan colony to create the Nipponese Dominion of Gosobudan and Shuujin (which later changed it name to the Nipponese Dominion of Shuubudan).
- Gosobudan: 1833 & 1875-1946 The Gosobudan colony was originally founded in 1833 from the territory gained from Hanthawaddy following the defeat of Hanthawaddy in the 1828-1833 Nippon-Hanthawaddy War. The Gosobudan colony didn't last very long at the start though, because the Gosobudan colony was incorporated into the Papua Nipponia colony in order to save on the bureaucratic costs of having so many colonies to separately administrate as Nippon at the time was close to bankruptcy. The colony was restarted in 1875 after Nippon's new constitutional monarchy government without the Tokugawa Shogunate decided to reorganise the colonial governance systems. They decided to have all of Nippon's Australian colonial territories merged into a single colony, which was known as Gosobudan. The colony of Gosobudan included former Gosobudan colony which had been discontinued in 1833 and the former penal colony of Shuujin which was now no longer a penal colony. But then in 1877, the former Shuujin colony separated itself from Gosobudan colony after a plebiscite showed the Shuujin colonists believed the colonial government in Gosobudan were acting only with the interests of Gosobudan in mind. Gosobudan remained as a colony but just around OTL Cape York Peninsula, until 1946 when the colony wanted more autonomy and it merged with Shuujin colony to create the Nipponese Dominion of Gosobudan and Shuujin (which later changed it name to the Nipponese Dominion of Shuubudan).
- Mauritius 1917-1956 Nippon bought the colony from Brunei in 1917 as part of the deal to re-establish Brunei as a powerful nation again. Nippon sold the small piece of territory neighbouring Réunion island and Nippon's territorial claims to the island as well thereby relinquished all claims to Réunion. Nippon mainly used the island for a naval base an refuelling stop, but the island's sugar plantations and fishing industries helped make the colony a prosperous one. In 1956 the island's population voted for independence and Mauritius became a sovereign republic.
- Please note, most of the information concerning alliances and trade deals are out of date but some of it remains true to this day
Allies (nations with alliances with Nippon):
- Neue Brandenburg
- Neue Brandenburg
- Finland (The Finnish have a trading post in the city of Kōchi (Kōchi Prefecture))
- France (The French have a trading post on on the island of Dejima in Nagasaki bay (Nagasaki Prefecture))
- Main Exports: Silk, guns, swords, spices, sugar, fruit, rice, fish, and seafood
- Main Imports: Precious metals, iron, technology, rice, and weapons
Big businesses of Nippon
- The Nishio Sugar Company (Nippon's biggest sugar grower, sugar refiner and seller of sugar & sugar based goods) (Based in Satotochi colony) (Owned by the Nishio clan)
- The Satsuma Corporation (A large producer of tropical fruits and sugar. Also owner of the main Kagoshima fishing fleet) (Based in Satotochi colony) (Owned by the Shimazu clan) (inventors of the microwave oven and internal pacemaker.)
- Takato Arsenal (A large weapon manufacturer, inventors of stainless steel) (Founded by Takashi Gunto, and since his death ran by a board of directors)
- The Nipponese Plantation Company (Owns lots of plantations growing a wide range of goods from sugar, tropical fruit to coffee) (Based in Satotochi & Atarashii Nippon colonies) (Owned by the Yamauchi clan) (inventors of the automatic espresso machine and freeze-dried coffee
- The Rarapon Corporation (Sugar & fruit plantation owners in the Atarashii Nippon colony, also owners of the main Port Rabau fishing fleet) (Owned by the Inaba Clan)
- The Tadagani Corporation (Plantation owners growing sugar, cocoa, coffee, fruits, etc.) (Based in Ringga colony, where they own the full plantation rights of the colony) (Owned by the Mizuno clan) (Inventors of cake mix,
- The Nipponese telephone company (telecommunications, phone manufacturers, public phone box operators, telephone networks, mobile phones,
- The Mitsubishi Group (manufacturing, airplanes, textiles (inventors of the bra, velcro, ), chemistry (inventors of teflon & synthetic cortisone & synthetic rubber), rubber, shipping, finance and much more)
- Kirin brewery (Nippon's largest brewery, produces mostly beer. Part of the Mitsubishi group)
- The Mitsui Keiretsu (manufacturing, lie detectors, speakers, pezu candy, spiral bound notebooks, textiles (inventors of the bikini), toys (including slinky), banking, shipping and much more)
- The Mitsui Oil Exploration company (Mitsui's oil & fossil fuel division)
- Toshiba (Mitsui's computer and robotics division) (computers, electron microscopes, photocopiers, computer coding, software, transistors, bar codes, microchips, and much more)
- The Sumitomo Group (TV, photography, move cameras, photography cameras, polaroid cameras, pens & stationary, food (the inventors of kool aid), video tape recorder, etc.)
- The Yasuda zaibatsu, the world's largest privately owned financial institution (finance, banking, manufacturing, car parking, credit cards, and other financial stuff)
- The Furukawa zaibatsu (radio, tape recorder, telephones, voice recognition, food (especially bread), toys (including silly putty), jukeboxes, music records, record labels, transistor radios, electronics, manufacturing, and a lot more)
- Nippon Oil (日本石油 Nihon Sekiyu), an oil company involved in drilling, refining, selling, etc. Also deals with other energy fuels such as coal and natural gas.
- Toagosei company (glue (including Aron'arufua, super glue basically), industrial lubricants, manufacturing and construction work)
- Takeda Pharmaceutical Company (Nippon's largest pharmaceutical company which sells medicine, drugs, vaccines and other medical treatments. Also runs a chain of private hospitals and health clinics.)
- The Toyota zaibatsu (cars, vehicles, hovercraft, robotics and financial services)
Other notable features of the Nipponese economy
- Gojoukou, (五常講 ごじょうこう): These financial institutions began to be set up 1837 eventually aiming to have one in each village. The purpose of the Gojoukou was to encourage economic activity in Nippon by increasing the amount of credit available to the people of Nippon. They are a sort of Credit unionwhere each member of a village union would contribute to the co-operative credit fund, and in turn could borrow fund interest free for 100 days, while the entire membership shared the cost in case of default (dependent on the villager's contribution to the credit fund mind you). However the successfulness of these depended on the amount of wealth in the village, so a lot of these Gojoukou were set up with a government bursary to get the ball rolling.
Here we have a few lists of important people in the Nipponese Empire such as a list of Emperors, Shoguns, notable Daimyo, military figures, businessmen, etc.
Emperors of Nippon:
- Emperor Momozono (1747-62)
- Empress Go-Sakuramachi (1762-70)
- Emperor Go-Momozono (1770-1780)
- Emperor Kōkaku (1780-1823)
- Emperor Ninkō (1823-1846)
- Emperor Kōmei (1846-1870)
- Emperor Meiji (1870-1912)
- Emperor Taishō (1912-1926)
- Emperor Shōwa (1926-1989)
- Akihito (1989-2012)
Tokugawa Shoguns of Nippon:
- Tokugawa Ieshige (1749-1760)
- Tokugawa Ieharu (1760-1788)
- Tokugawa Ienari (1788-1841)
- Tokugawa Ieyoshi (1841-1854)
- Tokugawa Iesada (1854-1864)
- Tokugawa Iemochi (1864-1874) (Last Tokugawa Shogun)
Notable Daimyo of Nippon:
- Tokugawa Ieshige (leader of the pro-independence movement, became Shogun after securing Nippon's independence)
- Ichigo Akamatsu (Former Daimyo of Kamchatka Prefecture, got himself exiled for insulting the Shogun in 1752)
- Nishio Tadanao (Important member of the pro-indendence movement, Daimyo of Shizuoka prefecture, also started the Nipponese colonisation of tropical colonies by having the colony of Satotochi set up, and then with his clan (Nishio clan the Nishio clan) Nishio Tadanao sets up the Nishio Sugar Company was set up to grow, refine and sell sugar & sugar based goods)
- Tanuma Okitsugu (Conqueror and subsequent ruling Daimyo of Karafuto prefecture)
- Inaba Masanobu (Daimyo of Kyoto Prefecture, the 34th Kyoto shoshidai, founder of the Atarashii Nippon colony, and founder of the Rarapon Corporation)
- Mizuno Tadakuni (Head of the Mizuno clan, Daimyo of Naga prefecture, and founder of the Tadagani Corporation)
- Matsudaira Sadanobu (The Daimyo of Miyagi Prefecture, first Overseer of Sunda, and chief senior councilor (rōju shuza; 老中首座). He retired from his position as rōju in 1793 and his position of family headship in 1819. However in 1821 he is offered the role of Overseer to the Nipponese puppet state in Sunda, which he accepted, and continued to do until his death in 1830.)
Important military figures of Nippon:
- Admiral Tokugawa Munetada (Appointed Admiral of the Nipponese Navy by his older brother, Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige; responsible for greatly expanding the navy and colonizing the remaining Chishima islands)
- Tanuma Okitsugu (Commander of the Karafuto invasion force in the Karafuto Reclamation war)
Notable Nipponese Clans:
- The Tokugawa Clan (The clan of the Shoguns on Nippon)
- The Nishio Clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Shizuoka prefecture, and owners of the Nishio Sugar Company)
- The Tanuma Clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Karafuto prefecture)
- Shimazu clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Kagoshima prefecture, and owners of the Satsuma Corporation)
- The Hitotsubashi House, one of the three Gosankyō branches of the Tokugawa Clan (Controllers of the Imperial Nipponese Navy fleets north of Edo)
- The Shimizu House, one of the three Gosankyō branches of the Tokugawa Clan (Controllers of the Imperial Nipponese Navy fleets south of Edo)
- The Tayasu House, one of the three Gosankyō branches of the Tokugawa Clan (Controllers of the Imperial Nipponese Coastguard)
- The Yamauchi clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Kōchi Prefecture, and owners of the Nipponese Plantation Company)
- The Inaba Clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Kyoto Prefecture, and owners of the Rarapon Corporation)
- The Mizuno clan (The clan of the Daimyo of Naga prefecture, and owners of the Tadagani Corporation)
Other Important people:
- Takashi Gunto (Founder of the Takato Arsenal & developed mass-production methods for swords)
- Ninomiya Sontoku (A agricultural leader, philosopher, moralist and economist; most famous for being the government official in charge of the over seeing the creation of the gojoukou, (五常講 ごじょうこう) financial institutions)
- Dr Kaoru Yano (Inventor of the television and a lot of tv associated technologies such as technicolor)
- Dr Suzaku Goderu (Came up the incompleteness theorems of mathematics)
- Professor Hei Ichizon (came up with the theory of holography)
- Dr Genbu Kururugi (came up with the "Big Bang Theory of the creation of the Universe")
The Nipponese military has reverted back to the days of old thanks to the new Tokugawa Shogunate with Samurai warriors being the main military force/power in Nippon. But the Imperial Army and Navy were around to protect the nation itself from foreign forces; members of the Imperial Nipponese Army and Navy are the only people allowed to possess and handle guns in Nippon after the 1763 decree.Furthermore after the "Imperial Armed Forces Act (1764)" came into force, meaning that each prefecture was to supply an army of at least 1,000 men to the Imperial Army in times of war; and the soldiers of these armies where to be a mix of around 40% full time professional soldiers, and 60% part time reservist troops. The IAF Act of 1764 was later amended by Shogun Tokugawa Ienari in 1818 so that each Daimyo has to provide an army of at least 2,000 men to the Imperial Army in times of war; and the soldiers of these armies where an equal mix of full time professional soldiers, and part time reservist troops. This was done to make it easier for Nippon to wage war on multiple theatres like it was doing at the time so the amendment.
The IAF Act of 1764 also allowed anybody over the age of 16, enroll in the two-year soldier course at their prefecture's Imperial Military Academy, to become a soldier. Upon completion of the course people could be selected to join the Imperial Army as full time soldiers if they were good enough. Otherwise they became reverse troops, who would go back to their everyday lives and once a year be called to the Imperial Military Academy for drills and such, to keep the reservists in shape; and in times of war, the reservists would be called upon to join the Imperial Army. Soldiers got tax breaks too, so this encouraged lots of people to become reservists or to send their sons to become reverse soldiers so that they would benefit from the tax break in later life, and to give them discipline. The army uses mostly muskets with bayonets, with a Wakizashi as a back up for hand-to-hand combat, with some soldiers using Katana swords as back up if it is likely they are going to be in hand-to-hand combat. Pistols are also issued but only to officers, and soldiers willing to supply/buy their own.
The 1764 Imperial Armed Forces Act also created the Imperial Nipponese Coastguard, which is a mix of the Army and Navy, and is specificity there to protect Nippon's shores from being invaded by foreign powers. The Imperial Nipponese Coastguard mostly consists of a coastal artillery batteries dotted along the Nipponese coastline, and in the harbours of large Nipponese ports. These are manned by 20 Coastguard soldiers usually, and have on average 4 long range artillery guns.The Imperial Navy on the other hand, was made up of only full time professional sailors, thanks to the 1764 IAF Act. Under the rule of Admiral Tokugawa Munetada, the first Admiral of the Imperial Navy since independence from Vietnam, the navy was split up several fleets, each to protect an area of Nippon. For example you have the Chishima fleet, Hokkaidō fleet, Karafuto fleet, Shikoku fleet, Satotochi fleet, Inland Sea fleet, etc. The fleet is increasingly being populated by European style Galleon ships, in order to make the navy more modern, however there are still hundreds of smaller Chinese style Junk ships, as well as some Turtle ships, Red Seal ships, too. However the Junk ships and red seal ships are used mostly as boarding ships, as they are much smaller, and agile than the Galleon ships, so Nipponese marines (who are well versed in hand-to-hand combats using either swords or pistols) could board enemy ships and take the enemy ships, whose sailors weren't usually as good at hand-to-hand combat compared to the Nipponese marines. The INN began a period of great expansion and upgrade from 1813 with the development of steam powered ships, and to increase the range of Nipponese naval power.
There is also the Shinsengumi police force which is a military police force, created under the 1764 IAF Act. Its role is to police the land and protect the Nipponese citizens from criminals and bandits; the Shinsengumi were formed after 2,000 Ronin pledged allegiance to the Shogun. As well as organised crime, they are also there to stop rebellions, riots and coups.
Wars Nippon have been involved in
- 1777-1786 The Karafuto Reclamation war: Nippon vs the various feuding warlords of Karafuto Island. Nippon won this war and annexed all of Karafuto back into the Nipponese Empire.
- 1788-1794 The Swedo-Russian War of 1788: Nippon joined the Franco-Swedish alliance against Russia in order to protect newly independent Finland. The Imperial Nipponese Navy bombarded and raided Vladivostok and aided Finland's invasion of Russian New Zealand. Nippon won this war and got exclusive land rights to the Kamchatka peninsula.
- 1799-1801 The Chamoru Expansion War: Nippon decided that her vassal state of Chamoru should rule over all of Micronesia, and modernized the Chamoru military greatly. The join Nippon-Chamoru grand fleet then went about seizing the rest of the Micronesian islands from their natives, and incorporating those islands into Chamoru. The war was a very easy one for Nippon-Chamoru due to their overwhelming power over the Micronesian natives.
- 1816-1819 The Second Neapolitan-Pahang War: Nippon became an ally of Naples so that Nippon could aid Naples in her invasion of Pahang, in return for Nippon gaining the Lingga islands. The Imperial Nipponese Navy seized the Lingga Islands in 1818 rather quickly thanks to naval support/bombardment. The INN then performed coastal raids of Pahang territory to help Naples in the rest of her invasion, seeing how Nippon had gained her allocated territory from the war. Nippon's Vassal state Chamoru, also sent Naples supplies to aid her in the war.
- 1817-1823 The First Finnish-Ternate war: Nippon decided to aid her good ally Finland in her invasion of Ternate, so that Finland could conquer the Maluku Islands. Nippon originally asked for just Misool island, but ever generous Finland offered Nippon an added bonus by also giving Nippon the Morotai and Obi islands as well. Nippon then thanked Finland for offering Morotai island, but asks if Nippon could have Seram Laut instead of Obi island, to which Finland agreed to giving Nippon Seram Laut instead of Obi Island. Nippon's involvement began in 1818 with Nippon seizing Morotai island, and the INN defeating Ternate's navy in a naval battle near Obi island. The invasion of Misool than began, and the INN also send in ships to support Finland's navy. Nippon's vassal Chamoru also sent a detachment of troops to support the main Finnish army too. Once Misool was taken, Nippon moved to take Seram Laut, and once Seram Laut was under full Nipponese control, Nippon went to support Finland's navy & army in seizing the rest of Turnate.
- 1828-1833 The Nippon-Hanthawaddy War: Nippon wished to expand her colonial empire, and incorporate some Hanthawaddy colonies in the Nipponese home islands into Nippon itself too. In order to give the Nipponese more living space and make the Nipponese home islands exclusively Nipponese, Nippon declared war on Hanthawaddy in 1828. Nippon quickly seized the Hanthawaddian colony on the southern tip of Karafuto and the Hanthawaddian colony of Isekacoe on Ishigaki Island. Nippon then went onto invade Hanthawaddy's Ngainkeh colony in OTL Papua New Guinea, and Northern OTL Australia. The Grand Ringga Fleet also blockade the Straits of Malacca from Hanthawaddian ships to stop them attacking Nippon, and eventually the Grand Ringga Fleet sails north to seize the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and from there launch coastal raids against Hanthawaddy itself. The war would continue with Nippon and her allies attacking many more of Hanthawaddy's colonies and pushing into Hanthawaddy itself, eventually ending in victory for Nippon and her allies. Nippon gained a lot of territory from this war, and saw Nippon create several colonies from her new territories.
- 1863-1867 The Taiping Rebellion & Korean invasion of China Nippon was close allies of the ruling Chinese emperor, and so they sent military aid to help stop the Taiping rebels in the south of China. The Nipponese officer corp trained Chinese villagers in the latest tactics and to use the latest weaponry. This army earned the nickname "The Ever Victorious Army" thanks to their many victories against the rebels. During the rebellion, the Koreans invaded and Nippon sent in more troops to fight the Koreans. Eventually both the Taiping rebels and Koreans were defeated, and Nipponese troops returned home.
- 1867-1874 The Mesheryakovist wars Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi becomes a Mesheryakovist after befriending a French Mesheryakovist diplomat named Trochu. Iemochi decided to assume complete control of Nippon basing his reasoning to do so on Mesheryakovist ideologies. At first Nippon just sent military aid to her Mesheryakovist allies of France and Russia, but eventually started attacking neighbouring Swedish, Finnish and Vietnamese territories. Eventually the non-Mesheryakovist liberals in Nippon (who had been exiled to Shuujin penal colony) rebelled and a civil war started. The Coalition of the Pacific formed out of the rebelling Nipponese colonies, anti-Mesheryakovist states, and exiled liberal Nipponese politicians. Slowly the Coalition forces took back the Nipponese empire from the hold of the tyrannical Mesheryakovist Shogun Iemochi, and defeated him. A lot of Nippon's colonies declared independence during this war but a constitution was brought in to govern Nippon to ensure nothing like this could happen again. The shamed Tokugawa clan entered obscurity but eventually would re-enter the political scene.
Vietnamese Vassal period (???-1749)
- 1747: A group of Japanese Daimyo demand greater autonomy for Japan from Vietnam
- 1748: The Pro-Nippon Daimyo see more Daimyo join their cause, and they continue to demand greater autonomy for Nippon from Vietnam. The Vietnamese make a deal with the pro-independence Daimyo. The Vietnamese will officially declare Nipponese independence in 1750 in exchange for an alliance with the new Nipponese government. The leader of the pro-independence daimyo will become the new Shogun, but the Emperor will remain in power as he is of the Yamato dynasty (the Japanese Imperial family). Nipponese traders also found a small port and trading post on the bottom of Karafuto island.
- 1749: The pro-independence Daimyo agree to the Vietnamese deal, however the current Shogun does not agree with this, and he demands that he remains Shogun. The pro-independence Daimyo however see this current shogun as weak as he never did anything to get Nippon her sovereignty back. The pro-independence Daimyo hire ninjas to kill the current Shogun, and the current shogun is killed. The pro-independence Daimyo have their leader Tokugawa Ieshige from the prestigious Tokugawa clan is declared Shogun, thus starting the "Tokugawa Bakufu period" and ending the "Vietnamese Vassal period". Tokugawa Ieshige begins to negotiate with Vietnam so Nippon gets Kamchatka, Karafuto (Sakhalin), and the Chishima (Kuril) islands, since these are Nipponese majority territories. The Vietnamese agree to Shogun Tokugawa's territory requests, as the Vietnamese had already planned to give them to Nippon before the independence movement started. Shogun Tokugawa thanks Vietnam for agreeing to his requests, and for Vietnam's help to get Nippon back on its feet after the lawless period of civil disarray and anarchy. Tokugawa hopes that the two nations shall remain good friends and allies for many years to come.
The Tokugawa Bakufu Period (1750-1851)
- 1750: With independence gained by Nippon, the people rejoice and a parades takes place in the Imperial capital of Kyoto, and the Shogun's capital of Edo. The military forces are amped up in order to make sure the country is protected. The Imperial navy is greatly expanded in order to make sure Nippon can control the many islands in her empire. A trade deal is also formed with France.
- 1751: Nippon reorganises the nation so each prefecture of the empire is ruled by a Daimyo, and they take part in the Daimyo council with the Shogun and his advisers so national policy can be decided. Nippon also claims the rest of the Chishima (Kuril) islands, and the remaining Chishima islands begin to be colonized, with 800 sq km being colonized this year. Nippon also asks Russia for their territory on one of the Chishima (Kuril) islands in return for a trade deal and an alliance. Russia refuses this deal though.
- 1752: Nippon expands her territory in the Chishima (Kuril) islands by 800km. The Shogun also removes Kamchatka's prefecture status and makes it a colony of Nippon, after Kamchatka's Daimyo insulted the Shogun. The Daimyo of Kamchatka is also exiled to, and he goes to live in North America. The Nansei islands also become a prefecture of Nippon as Nansai Prefecture, comprising both the Satsunan Islands and Ryukyu Islands. The colony of Karafuto is also declared after joining together the two trading posts and their adjacent territory into one colony
- 1753: Tokugawa Munetada is appointed Admiral of the Nipponese Navy by his older brother, Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige. The new Admiral is tasked with overseeing the expansion of the Imperial navy and colonizing the remaining Chishima islands. He does this by having several new European style galleon ships commissioned into the Imperial Navy, and colonizes 500 sq km of the Chishima islands too.
- 1754: The remaining 250 sq km of the unclaimed Chishima islands are colonized by Nippon. With nearly all of the Chishima islands now under Nipponese control, Nippon once again ask
RussiaFinland for her territory in the Chishima (Kuril) Islands, this time offering a trade deal and money. Finland agree to the idea, and negotiations begin between the two nations. The Imperial navy is also greatly expanded with mostly lots of Frigates being added to the navy. Admiral Tokugawa Munetada also splits up the navy into several fleets each to protect an area of Nippon e.g. the Chishima fleet, Hokkaidō fleet, Shikoku fleet, etc. Crops from Europe are bought by Nipponese traders so the Nipponese settlers in Karafuto, Hokkaido and the Chishima islands can grow food more suited to the climate in the cold northern Nipponese territories. Things like wheat, soy beans, potatoes, onions, pumpkins, and corn are grown by settlers and this encourages a lot of the poorer Nipponese to move up north in order to be given land and crops to grow on the land. Nipponese miners move into the Chishima islands to mine the islands, and many tree farms/plantations are set up too by the Nipponese timber industry. Lots of fishermen also set up residence to fish the well-stocked seas around the Chishima islands. 250 sq km is colonized in Karafuto to, as more settlers move their to make use of the cheap farm land. An alliance is also formed with France.
- 1755: A deal is made with Finland in which Nippon gain the Finnish colony on Chishima Islands Chain, and in return Finland gains a trading post in the city of Kōchi (Kōchi Prefecture). New buildings and a few small forts are built in the Chishima islands. The Karafuto colony is expanded by 1250 sq km, and Nippon ask Hanthawaddy if Nippon can buy Hanthawaddy's colonies in Karafuto and on that Yaeyama island opposite Taiwan.
- 1756: Nippon ask Hanthawaddy again if Nippon can buy Hanthawaddy's colonies in Karafuto and on that island opposite Taiwan. Nippon also expands her Karafuto colony by 1250 sq km. Nippon also offers China a trade deal. Daimyo Nishio Tadanao also starts to appeal to the Shogunate that Nippon should found colonies in warmer climates so Nippon has access to her own supply of sugar and tropical fruits.
- 1757: Nipponese settlers expand the Karafuto colony by 750 sq km and the city of Toyohara is founded and becomes the colonial capital of Karafuto. Nishio Tadanao also succeeds in his quest to have Nippon found a colony in a tropical region, after the Nipponese colony of Satotochi is founded around OTL Gonzaga, it is 100 sq km in size. Sugar cane plantations are founded in Nansei islands and in the new Satotochi colony; sugar beet plantations are also opened in Hokkaido and Karafuto. On top of this the unclaimed 400 sq km of the Yaeyama islands opposite Taiwan are annexed by Nippon and added into Nansei prefecture.
- 1758: The Nipponese colony of Kamchatka expands by 350 sq km as logging activities intensify, the Karafuto colony expands by 800 sq km as more poor peasants move northwards to be given free land, and the new Satotochi colony is expanded by 400 sq km as more sugar plantations are set up by the rich nobles, of whom mostly belonged to the Nishio clan which was the clan of Satotochi's founder Nishio Tadanao. The Nishio Sugar Company was set up to grow, refine and sell sugar & sugar based goods from Satotochi to the Nipponese home market; and this started a luxury foods market in Nippon as the rich nobles began to dine on more sweet foods, especially Kompeitō, which becomes a favourite of the emperor and the emperor began to gift small bags of Kompeitō to visitors. China is once again offered a trade deal after the lack of reply to the 1756 deal, and China agree to the trade deal this time.
- 1759: Nippon's colonies continue to expand, Karafuto expands by 800 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 750 sq km. A castle with a port are built on the tip of OTL Cape Crillon known as Castle Chirion, and the OTL Cape Crillon is named Cape Chirion by Nippon. The port of Sōya is also built on OTL Cape Sōya, and Castle Sōya is also built too. A ferry service is set up between the ports/jōkamachi of Chirion and Sōya to make transportation between Hokkaido and Karafuto easier. Nippon also thank China for expecting the trade deal, as this has given Nippon access to more rice and tea. The French also ask Nippon for a trading post like Finland, and Nippon grants France a trading post on the island of Dejima in Nagasaki bay.
- 1760: The Nipponese Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige retires in March, citing bad health for his reason to resign, and Tokugawa Ieshige appoints his first born son Tokugawa Ieharu as the next shogun. Tokugawa Ieshige dies later that year in December. The new Shogun Tokugawa Ieharu vows to expand Nipponese influence across Asia, and he does so by continuing to expand the Nipponese colonies, this year Karafuto expands by 700 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 850 sq km.
- 1761: The Nipponese Emperor Momozono abdicates in favour of his sister and he dies a month later. Momozono's sister becomes empress regnant, to reign until the late Emperor Momozono's son is old enough to become Emperor himself. Monozono's sister is crowned Empress Go-Sakuramachi. The Nipponese colonies continue to expand, with Karafuto expanding by 700 sq km, and Satotochi expanding by 850 sq km.
- 1762: The Nipponese Daimyo Nishio Tadanao dies aged 73, after catching Malaria while visiting the Satotochi colony which he practically founded. Nishio Tadanao's adopted son/nephew Nishio Tadamitsu succeeds his uncle's positions as head of the Nishio Clan, Daimyo of Shizuoka prefecture and Chairman of the Nishio Sugar Company. The city of Tadanao is founded on the site of OTL Gonzaga, Cagayan in honour of Nishio Tadanao, and the city becomes the colonial capital of the Satotochi colony. Furthermore the Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km after the Satotochi 1st Army is founded in order to protect the Nipponese settlers and plantations from the local Filipino natives. The Satotochi Fleet is also started in order to give the colony naval protection provided by the Imperial Nipponese Navy.
- 1763: In order to deal with the bandits plaguing the Nipponese countryside, Nipponese Empress Go-Sakuramachi orders a radical shake-up of Nippon's gun laws, with guns now only allowed to be possessed by members of the Nipponese Imperial Army or Navy. She also announces the creation of the Machi bugyō with a Machi bugyō office being set up in the prefectural capital of each Prefecture, where around 100 Machi bugyō officials would oversee the running of the prefecture on the Daimyo's behalf, by running the police and fire-fighting forces of that prefecture; running the prefectural court by serving as judges in the prefectural courts; as well as managing a full range of other administrative and judicial responsibilities. As well as this, the Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km and Karafuto colony by 400 sq km.
- 1764: The Imperial Armed Forces Act of 1764 comes into power, which shakes up the organisation of the Nipponese army and navy, and also creates the Imperial Nipponese Coastguard, and the Shinsengumi Military police force, and causes a great improvement in Nippon's military power. For more full details on the Nipponese Military and the changes brought in by the Imperial Armed Forces Act,please click here. As well as this, the Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km, Kamchatka expands by 800 sq km and Karafuto colony by 400 sq km.
- 1765: Admiral Tokugawa Munetada dies and following the recent Imperial Armed Forces Act of 1764, the Shogun shakes up control of the military and at the same time, cements Tokugawa dominance over Nippon and the Shogunate, by giving each of the three Gosankyō branches of the Tokugawa Clan ownership of a powerful position. The Hitotsubashi House take control of the Imperial Nipponese Navy fleets north of Edo; the Shimizu House take control of the Imperial Nipponese Navy fleets south of Edo; and the Tayasu House became the Chief of the Imperial Nipponese Coastguard. Furthermore the Shogun becomes Supreme Commander of the Imperial Nipponese Army, Navy, Coastguard, and head of the Shinsengumi police force. This move to solidify the power wielded by the Tokugawa Clan however this greatly annoys the Imperial Court. As well as this, the Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km, Kamchatka expands by 800 sq km and Karafuto colony by 400 sq km.
- 1766: Nippon offers Brunei a trade deal, and Nippon continues to colonize by expanding its Satotochi colony expanding by 800 sq km, and Karafuto by 750 sq km. There are also talks of selling Satotochi colony to Vietnam but these talks eventually fail and Nippon refuses to sell her Satotochi colony in the Philippines.
- 1767: Nippon continues to colonize by expanding its Satotochi colony expanding by 800 sq km, and Karafuto by 750 sq km. Also bandit attacks have significantly declined since the introduction of the Imperial Armed Forces Act of 1764 and the gun law shake up in 1763; this pleases the peasants greatly as now they longer live in fear of bandit attacks.
- 1768: Nippon holds off expanding her Satotochi colony while talks are held about the dividing of Luzon between Nippon and Taiwan/Vietnam. Kamchatka is turned into sort of penal colony, as criminals are forced to relocate to Kamchatka colony, which causes the colony to expand by 800 sq km. Elsewhere more of the natives in Karafuto are convinced to join the Karafuto colony, and this causes Karafuto to expand by 750 sq km.
- 1769: Nippon asks Vietnam if they are happy with those borders and agree to them. Vietnam agree to the Nipponese proposal for dividing Luzon, and the Nipponese settlers in Satotochi begin to colonize the east coast of Luzon, expanding the colony by 500 sq km after hearing the result of the border talks. Also the Karafuto colony expands by 750 sq km, and the Kamchatka colony expands by 300 sq km. A trade deal is also formed with Korea.
- 1770: Nippon expands Karafuto by 750 sq km, Kamchatka expands by 300 sq km and Satotochi expands 500 sq km along the eastern coastline of Luzon. Furthermore, Empress Go-Sakuramachi abdicates in favour of her nephew; and Emperor Go-Momozono assends to the Imperial Nipponese throne. A military alliance is also formed with Korea too.
- 1771: A Tsunami nearly wipes Okinawa off the map, killing around 15,000 people. Nippon appeals for aid from its allies to help with rebuilding the destruction caused by the tsunami; Finland sends aid, and is thanked for it. The Shogun has national aid sent to Okinawa and rebuilds/forms the army and navy of Nansei prefecture after a lot of the soldiers died in the Tsunami and a lot of the ships were destroyed. The army and navy help rebuild Okinawa by distributing aid and helping to clear away rubble to build new buildings built with brick, concrete and stone rather than wood, so that the buildings could withstand future tsunamis better. A local native warlord in Karafuto is also defeated, and his 400 sq km of territory is annexed into Karafuto. New Lithuania is also offered a trade deal following its recent independence.
- 1772: The Okinawa clean-up operation continues with more food aid being sent to Okinawa from Honshu, and more new residential buildings being made, after all of the government and military buildings were rebuilt, but the vast majority of the clean up has been completed by now. The Nipponese colony of Kamchatka is formally renamed Kamochatoka colony, and the colony expands by 800 sq km too. Another native warlord is defeated as Karafuto expands, this year 400 sq km are added into the colony. Nippon is also offered an alliance by Persia; Nippon agreed to an alliance with Persia and asked Persia for a trade deal too.
- 1773: Nippon begins a "Nipponization campaign" in her Satotochi colony, where colonists try to get native tribes on Luzon island to convert to Shinto and join Nipponese society by having their territories join into Satotochi colony. This is fairly successful, and causes Satotochi to expand by 800 sq km. Karafuto expands by 750 sq km too. In Kamochatoka, a new city is founded on the southern tip of the peninsula called Kamochin, which is designated as the new colonial capital of Kamochatoka. Also the tsunami clean-up in Okinawa is finished, and Nippon thanks Finland and the Greater Korean Empire for the aid they sent to help clean-up Okinawa.
- 1774: Nippon expands her Karafuto colony by by 800 sq km as another warlord in Karafuto is defeated, and his territory is annexed. The Nipponese military is amped up too, and Nippon also asks Russia not to colonize Karafuto/Sakhalin island.
- 1775: Nippon tells Russia that they don't want to divide Karafuto, as until 1629 it was part of the Nipponese nation, and Nippon wants control over areas with majority Nipponese ethnic groups. In exchange for Russia relinquishing all claims to Karafuto/Sakhalin Island, Nippon offers Russia an alliance (which if you are ever at war Nippon will send you military aid unless it is against another Nipponese ally then Nippon shall remain neutral and offer no help to either side), trade deal, and trading post in Niigata. Nippon expands Karafuto by 800 sq km, and expands Kamochatoka by 750 sq km as well this year.
- 1776: Nipponese forces in Karafuto defeat another warlord and expand the colony by 800 sq km. Kamochatoka expands by 750 sq km too, as a large number of poor villagers move to Kamochatoka to start a new life for themselves. The Imperial Nipponese Navy also reach the Mariana Islands and make contact with the local Chamorro people on the islands. After some negotiations with a local chieftain, the chieftain agrees to become an ally of Nippon and has his Chiefdom become a vassal of Nippon; thus creating the Nipponese Vassal State of Chamoru. Nippon supplies Chamoru with weapons so that they may go and annex the rest of the Mariana Islands into Chamoru. An alliance is formed with Sweden too.
- 1777: The Shogun vows to the Emperor of Nippon, that he will return Nippon to the glory days before the great rioting revolution in 1629. Shogun Tokugawa Ieharu declares war on all of the feuding warlords of Karafuto, and declares all of Karafuto will all be part of the Nipponese nation once again. The Shogun appoints Tanuma Okitsugu as Commander of the Karafuto invasion force, and he begins to wage large scale war against the warlords. The first year of the campaign succeeds in gaining 2000 sq km of territory for Nipponese Karafuto. Elsewhere Chamoru expands using the supplied Nipponese weaponry to defeat rival tribes in the Mariana Islands.
- 1778: Nippon's invasion of Karafuto continues, and Shogun Tokugawa Ieharu is pleased with the Karafuto Reclamation war's progress and is very confident of Nipponese victory. So much so, that he has the current Nipponese controlled Karafuto colony join Nippon proper as Karafuto prefecture with Tanuma Okitsugu as its Daimyo. Commander Tanuma Okitsugu thanks the Shogun for giving his clan control over a prefecture and making him a Daimyo; and shows his appreciation by stepping up the rate of Nipponese expansion/annexation of the island.
- 1779: Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war rages on. All this fighting also gives the Nipponese Army some much needed experience and lots of opportunities to test out new tactics; which amps up the military. Chamoru expands too.
- 1780: Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the war rages on. The Shogun is also deeply offended by the Tsar's claim to Karafuto/Sakahalin island and the Chishima/Kuril Islands which are not only part of the Nipponese nation but they are populated by Nipponese citizens. Nippon ask Finland to do something about their Union parter Russia and get Russia to remove her claim to Nipponese controlled territories, and former Nipponese controlled territories. Meanwhile Chamoru manages to conquer all of her neighbouring tribes and assumes complete control over the Mariana Islands. Kamochatoka expands too by 800 sq km. Emperor Go-Momozono dies too, and his adopted son from the Kan'in branch of the Imperial family ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne as Emperor Kōkaku.
- 1781: Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war continues, but Commander Tanuma Okitsugu expects the war to be over in the next 5 years which the Shogun is pleased by. The Shimazu clan of Kagoshima also decide to get involved in the tropical goods trade, and the Satsuma Corporation is set up to start setting up plantations in Satotochi colony growing tropical fruits and sugar. This causes Satotochi to expand by 800 sq km as new plantations are set up by the Satsuma Corporation.
- 1782: Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war continues, and the military is expanded to help the war effort. Satotochi colony also expands by 800 sq km as new plantations are set up by the Satsuma Corporation.
- 1783: Famine hits Japan and is worsened by the eruption of Asama-Yama which kills 20,000 people and renders the agricultural Shinano and Kuzuke provinces of unproductive for many years to come. France & Finland send aid to Nippon, for which they are thanked. Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km and more plantations are set up to offset the rice shortage caused by the famine in Japan. A large number of the farmers losing all of their crops thanks to the famine decide to join the army so they can actually get some food, otherwise production is stepped up in other areas to offset the shortage in the famine effected areas. Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war continues, but there are troubles with lack of supplies thanks to the famine so expansion slows down a bit. Meanwhile the rebuilding of the buildings destroyed by Asama-Yama starts.
- 1784: Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war continues. Japan's famine continues though shows signs of easing. More food supplies are brought in from aboard as the famine continues, but lots of the poor peasants unable to afford food die. Satotochi colony is expanded by 800 sq km and more plantations are set up to offset the rice shortage caused by the famine in Japan. The Shogun also allows food handouts to the poor in towns across Nippon if they become reverse troops in the army. Thanks to this, and the ongoing war in Karafuto, the Nipponese military power increases.
- 1785: Nippon's agricultural sector begins to approach its pre-famine levels of productivity, thanks a lot to more plantations being founded in Satotochi as the colony expands by 800 sq km. Furthermore Nippon continues to expand into Karafuto as the Karafuto Reclamation war continues. Finland is thanked greatly for all the aid it sent too.
- 1786: Nipponese forces defeat the last of the Karafuto warlords and thus complete the Nipponese annexation of Karafuto, and ending the Karafuto Reclamation war. Kamochatoka expands by 800 sq km too.
- 1787: Nippon begins to properly integrate the newly conquered Karafuto territories into the empire by building infrastructure, setting up new towns, rebuilding damaged towns following the war, and setting up the necessary prefectural administrators and governance. While this is going on Nippon agree to respect Russia's claim to Chukotka and agree not to expand Kamochatoka that far north; but Kamochatoka does expand by 600 sq km this year. Satotochi colony expands by 200 sq km too, as Satsuma Corp. set up more plantations. An alliance with Prussia is formed as well, as Nippon want to remain friends with their former colony and to protect Prussian sovereignty.
- 1788: Nippon expands Kamochatoka by 1550 sq km as more exile villages are set up, and logging intensifies. Shogun Tokugawa Ieharu dies as well, and Tokugawa Ienari becomes the new shogun. There are also riots in rice shops in Edo and Osaka because the price of rice hasn't returned to pre-famine levels; the riots are dealt with by the Shinsengumi but the Shogun forces the rice shops to lower prices some more, so prices are just above pre-famine prices. This pleases the rioters and the matter is resolved.
- 1789: Nippon pledges to support Finish independence, and if that means joining the war against Russia so be it. This and being annoyed about Russia's treatment of Nippon concerning Karafuto and the Chishima Islands: Nippon joins the war against Russia. The Imperial Nipponese Navy is sent to bombard Vladivostok and the Shogun wants to gain full rights to controlling the whole Kamchatka peninsula in exchange for Nippon's efforts in the war.
- 1790: Nippon's naval bombardment of Vladidistok renders the port unusable. With Nippon expecting to gain full rights to Kamchatka peninsula, the Shogun declares Kamochatoka is part of the Empire of Nippon proper, as Kamochatoka prefecture; Kamochatoka prefecture expands northwards too.
- 1791: Nippon continues to expand northwards up the Kamchatka peninsula. A few Nipponese troops land in Vladivostok and seize the city. They pillage the city and find industrial machines and like, some of said machines are brought back to Nippon. The majority of the machines are put in the recently opened Rangaku museum in Edo. Nipponese Rangaku scientists begin to analyse and observe these machines but they lack the appropriate power sources and understanding of the machines needed to do anything worth while with the machines, and so they shall remain museum curiosity pieces for many years to come.
- 1792: Nippon sends a detachment of the Imperial Nipponese Navy to help in the Finnish invasion of New Zealand. Nippon continues to expand northwards up the Kamchatka peninsula too. It is expected to be under Nipponese control in the next three years, thanks to the peninsula having hardly any natives to resist Nipponese expansion.
- 1793: Nippon continue to aid Finland in their invasion of New Zealand's north island. Nipponese expansion up the Kamchatka peninsula continues as well. Karafuto's Daimyo Tanuma Okitsugu dies too, and his son Tanuma Okitomo succeeds him as Daimyo of Karafuto. The Nipponese military is improved too, as artillery guns with longer range of fire are added to the army and the coastguard.
- 1794: The Imperial Nipponese Navy continues to aid Finland in its invasion of Russian New Zealand. Elsewhere Nippon continues to expand up Kamchatka, and Satotochi expands by 500 sq km too.
- 1795: The peace treaty is signed thus ending the war against Russia. The Imperial Nipponese Navy return from New Zealand, bringing with them the Finnish gift of 110,000 Finnish markka, for which the Nipponese Shogun personally thanks the Finnish; and the Imperial Nipponese Navy also bring back reports of lots of uncolonised islands on the route to New Zealand. The Shogun begins to organise a Nipponese exploration of these islands to see if anywhere is suitable for Nippon to establish a new colony. Meanwhile Nippon continues to expand up Kamchatka, and Satotochi expands by 500 sq km too.
- 1796: Nippon finishes expanding into Kamchatka, and Nippon decides not to go any further north in order to respect Russia's 1787 claim to Chukotka, thus fixing the Nipponese Northern Kamchatka border roughly where the northern orange border on this map is. Satotochi expands by 500 sq km as more plantations are set up, and Nippon helps her vassal Chamoru to set up their navy.
- 1797: Nippon's Shogun Tokugawa Ienari goes to China for the maiden journey of the Chinese Trans-Coastal Railway. After touring China, Shogun Tokugawa Ienari returns home and announces to the Daimyo council, that Nippon is on the brink of being left behind by the rest of the world if Nippon start industrializing soon, so the Shogun sets up a plan to start industrializing Nippon in a decade or two. Otherwise Satotochi expands by 1250 sq km, and Chamoru's navy continues to be developed.
- 1798: Nippon questions the UAA claims of Vietnamese abuse of native Africans in their East African colony. Popular opinion in Nippon is that the UAA are lying, and wanted a creditable Casus belli to invade Vietnam's East Africa colony. Since Nippon have an alliance with Vietnam & doesn't have one with the UAA, Nippon shall stand by her ally Vietnam. Nippon sends troops and aid to help Vietnam, push back the UAA. Nippon also helps their Vassal Chamoru, to finish building their navy. With all this military aid being given by Nippon, Shogun Tokugawa Ienari decides to build up Nippon's war machine and commit more funding to the military, and its operations. Satotochi expands by 500 sq km too.
- 1799: Nippon finishes building Chamoru's navy, and a fleet of Nipponese warships are sent to aid Chamoru in her expansion into Micronesia. The joint Chamoru-Nippon fleet set sail to annex the rest of Micronesia into Chamoru and begin the expansion. This expansion is expected only to take a few years mind you, due to the overwhelmingly greater power of the Chamoru-Nippon fleet against the Micronesian natives, and the small size of these to-be-conquered islands. Satotochi expands by 500 sq km too.
- 1800: Nippon annex Karaginsky island to the north east of Kamchatka, and incorporate Karaginsky island into Kamochatoka prefecture. Chamoru's conquest of Micronesia continues to, and it is expected to be under full Chamoru control by the end of next year. Satotochi expands by 500 sq km too.
- 1801: The Nipponese-Chamoru invasion/annexation of Micronesia concludes with the fleet seizing the last of the Micronesian islands. A swords maker known as Takashi Gunto, in Tadanao City in the colony of Satotochi begins to "mass-produce" swords to sell cheap to settlers to protect themselves in the lawless areas of jungle from bandits, natives and wild animals. Takashi Gunto finds success in his mass-produced swords, and sets up the Takato Arsenal. Meanwhile Satotochi expands by 500 sq km.
- 1802: Nippon's cities start to expand, as small factories open up in the cities. Elsewhere, the competition between the Satsuma Corporation and the Nishio Sugar Company in the Satotochi colony heats up as Satsuma Corp. begin to expand their plantations to try to surpass the Nishio Sugar Company in the sugar market; however Nishio expands their sugar plantations even more! Corporate warfare between Satsuma & Nishio steps up, and at the latest meeting of the Daimyo council the clan leaders of the Nishio & Shimazu clan fight with one another. The other Daimyo step in however, and set up a cartel agreement between Satsuma & Nishio. Nishio shall be the dominant player in the sugar trade and Nishio will be the dominant player in the tropical fruit trade. This agreement to split up the Satotochi plantation markets, puts an end to the clans fuedings, but on the other hand, this agreement & the previous market expansions, cause the Satotochi colony to expand by 1250 sq km.
- 1803: In Nippon, the Takato Arsenal expands their activities into mass producing bullets, and also goes into rifle manufacturing. Economic activity in Nippon continues to grow, and this causes the cities to grow even more. The increasing economic activity causes Satotochi colony to expand by 1250 sq km too. Also Nippon forms a trade agreement with Haiti and Korea as well.
- 1804: Nippon's economy continues to expand as Satotochi colony expands by 1250 sq km as the Satsuma Corporation sets up even more tropical fruit plantations, and the Nishio Sugar Company sets up more sugar plantations. Luxury food prices in Nippon begin to fall thanks to this, and Nipponese tropical food goods begin to be exported by Nippon too.
- 1805: Nippon continues to expand her Satotochi colony, this year it expands by 1250 sq km. This is thanks to "The Nipponese Plantation Company" being set up by the Yamauchi clan, clan of the Daimyo of Kōchi Prefecture. The Yamauchi clan also have talks with the Nishio Clan and the Shimazu clan about plantations in Satotochi. These talks form a deal in which the Nipponese Plantation Company can only grow limited quantities of sugar and tropical fruits in Satotochi, but is free to grow what ever else it likes in large quantities. The scale of mining operations in Karafuto and Kamochatoka also increase too, and more metals enter the Nipponese market, fuelling the creation of industrial machines and steel frame buildings.
- 1806: Satsuma Corporation buys out a rival fishing fleet in Kagoshima, and gives Satsuma Corp. the largest fishing fleet in Kagoshima. The Nishio sugar company expand their sugar refinery in Tadanao city, and buy a steam powered ship from a Chinese ship-builders to quickly ship the refined sugar from Satotochi to the Nipponese home islands. The Nipponese Plantation Company also does trade with Neue Brandenburg plantation owners to get coffee and cocoa seeds, which the Nipponese Plantation Company uses to set up coffee and cocoa plantations. Nippon offer Neue Brandenburg a formal trade deal too. All this economic activity in Satotochi causes the colony to expand by 1250 sq km.
- 1807: Nippon's colony of Satotochi expands by 1250 sq km, but other Nipponese clans wish to partake in the colonial activities like the Nishio clan, Shimazu clan, and the Yamauchi clan. However seeing how limited land on Luzon island is becoming, the other Nipponese clans decide to set up a new colony. The Inaba clan lead this colonial expansion by forming the colony of Atarashii Nippon (New Japan) around OTL Rabaul, Papa New Guinea. The Inaba clan's current head, Inaba Masanobu founds Port Rabau is founded as the capital of Atarashii Nippon, and the Inaba clan form the Rarapon Corporation which takes ownership of the main fishing fleet in Port Rabau, and the plantations around Port Rabau. The initial size of Atarashii Nippon being 100 sq km.
- 1808: Nipppon accepts Neue Brandenburg's offer of military alliance, and the Nipponese traders in Neue Brandenburg become more active too. Nippon expands her colonies as well, Satotochi by 550 sq km, and Atarashii Nippon 1000 sq km.
- 1809: Nippon expands her colonies as well, Satotochi by 550 sq km, and Atarashii Nippon 1000 sq km. The Shogun also announces the start of the construction of the Edo Imperial Naval Shipyard, where the latest steamships of the Imperial Nipponese Navy shall be constructed in the future. Nippon also agree to a Neue Brandenburg proposal, that in return for favourable trade arrangements in goods available in the Amazon, Nippon shall help in developing the Neue Brandenburg military.
- 1810: Nippon expands her colonies, Satotochi by 550 sq km, and Atarashii Nippon 1000 sq km. Construction of the Edo Imperial Naval Shipyard continues.
- 1811: Nippon expands her colonies, Satotochi by 1650 sq km (multiplied by 3 from 550 sq km), and Atarashii Nippon 1000 sq km. Construction of the Edo Imperial Naval Shipyard continues. Nippon also offer to support Finland in her invasion of the Maluku Islands but asks if Nippon can take Misool island in the Maluku Island nation in return for Nippon aiding Finland in as many wars as she needs to conquer the Maluku Island nation.
- 1812: Nippon ask Finland if she accepts Nippon's deal from last year or not. Finland gladly accepts Nippon's deal and will give Nippon the Misool island, and as an added bonus will also give Nippon the Morotai and Obi islands as well. Finland also says that the war against the nation on the Maluku Islands shall begin in 1817, unless something else happens. Nippon then thanked Finland for offering Morotai island, but asks if Nippon could have Seram Laut instead of Obi island, to which Finland agreed to giving Nippon Seram Laut instead of Obi Island. Otherwise Nippon expanded her colonies, Satotochi by 1650 sq km (multiplied by 3 from 550 sq km), and Atarashii Nippon 1000 sq km. Elsewhere the Edo Imperial Naval Shipyard is completed, and the shipyard begins to spawn new steam-powered ships for the Nipponese navy.
- 1813: Nippon expands Satotochi by 600 sq km and Atarashii Nippon 600 sq km. Also as new steam powered ships are built in the Edo Imperial Ship yard the military might of Nippon increases, and the navy becomes ever larger and stronger. Takato Arsenal also opens up a large weapons factory in Edo to build naval canons for the new steam powered ships of the Imperial Nipponese Navy, and the coastal defences of the Imperial Nipponese Coastguard.
- 1814: Nippon expands Satotochi by 600 sq km and Atarashii Nippon 600 sq km. Also as new steam powered ships are built in the Edo Imperial Ship yard the military might of Nippon increases, and the navy becomes ever larger and stronger. The Osaka Imperial Ship yard is also built, a lot smaller than Edo's but still capable of producing a fair few ships.
- 1815: Nippon expands Satotochi by 600 sq km and Atarashii Nippon 600 sq km, and the military continues to be upgraded and improved too. Also seeing how more people are going to live in the cities of Nippon, the Shogun thinks it would be a good idea to connect the large cities with railway links; and the Edo-Nagoya-Kyoto-Osaka line begins to be constructed.
- 1816: Nippon thanks Neue Brandenburg for the food aid they have sent to Nippon, Nippon steps up food production in Atarashii Nippon to make up for the loss of food production in Satotochi & Nippon itself, causing the colony to expand by 800 sq km. More food is imported from aboard by merchants in order to make up for the loss of Nipponese food production. The Nipponese military continues to be upgraded and improved too, and the Edo-Nagoya-Kyoto-Osaka railway continues to be constructed as well.
- 1817: Nippon expands Satotochi by 600 sq km and Atarashii Nippon 600 sq km, and the military continues to be upgraded and improved too. The Edo-Nagoya-Kyoto-Osaka railway continues to be constructed, with the Kyoto-Osaka line being completed. It is inaugurated by Emperor Kōkaku who uses his newly built Imperial Train to go from Kyoto to Osaka, where he then launches the Osaka Imperial Ship Yard built, the INN Kōkaku which is the largest, strongest and newest steam frigate to enter the Imperial Nipponese Navy, named in the honour of the Emperor. Emperor Kōkaku travels on the INN Kōkaku in her purpose built luxury living quarters on a naval tour to visit the Nipponese colonies of Satotochi and Atarashii Nippon. Nipponese diplomats also remind Burma of Nippon's offer of an military alliance & trade deal; and Burma agrees to Nippon's offer. Nippon also offers Naples a military alliance & would like to help Naples take over Pahang, but Nippon asks if she can have Lingga islands. Naples agrees and a military alliance is formed with Naples, and Nippon is promised the Lingga Islands.
- 1818: Nippon completes the Edo-Nagoya-Kyoto-Osaka railway, and Shogun Tokugawa Ienari takes the first train from Edo to Kyoto, in order to go visit Emperor Kōkaku to discuss Nipponese foreign policy. This includes the sending of Nipponese troops to participate in the Second Neapolitan-Pahang War and Finland's invasion of the Maluku Islands. The Imperial Nipponese Navy lands in the Lingga Islands, and quickly takes the territory thanks to naval support/bombardment. The INN then perform coastal raids of Pahang territory to help Naples. In the Maluku Islands conflict, Nippon seize Morotai island, and the INN defeat Ternate's navy in a naval battle near Obi island. The invasion of Misool begins, and the INN also send in ships to support Finland's navy. The Shogun concludes that the Nipponese military needs to be greatly expanded so that Nippon can deal with these multiple conflicts much easier, and the Shogun expands the military a lot by amending the Imperial Armed Forces Act of 1764, so that each Daimyo has to provide an army of at least 2,000 men to the Imperial Army in times of war; and the soldiers of these armies where an equal mix of full time professional soldiers, and part time reservist troops. Chamoru also sends troops to support the main Finnish army too, and send supplies to Naples as well. Atarashii Nippon expands by 800 sq km too.
- 1819: Nippon consolidate their recently acquired territory via the Second Neapolitan-Pahang War, by forming a colony comprising the Lingga islands into the colony of Ringga. A naval base, and a port begin to be constructed on the north of Lingga island, in the capital Port Ringaa which is founded this year after expanding a native town. The colony of Ringga is to be used primarily as a stopping point for Nipponese ships travelling to the west. The Nipponese armies and naval ships either then set up permanently in the Lingga islands or return home to Nippon. Elsewhere in the war against Turnate, Nipponese forces take Misool island and Nipponese forces moved to take Seram Laut, and once Seram Laut was under full Nipponese control; some of the Nipponese forces went to support Finland's navy & army in seizing the rest of Turnate. Colonization in Atarashii Nippon continues with the colony expanding by 1250 sq km this year. The Nipponese military continues to be expanded and improved, in order to support Nippon's colonization efforts as well.
- 1820: Nippon continues to help Finland in her invasion of Ternate, and colonization in Atarashii Nippon continues with the colony expanding by 1000 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 750 sq km too. Elsewhere the Mizuno clan, Daimyo of Naga prefecture, manage to acquire full plantation rights in the Lingga islands, and Mizuno Tadakuni (head of the Mizuno clan & Daimyo of Naga) decides to form the Tadagani Corporation in order to set up plantations growing sugar, cocoa, coffee, fruits, etc. They employ the local people to work in the plantations mostly, and create a sort of class system in Ringga colony, by establishing a ruling Nipponese class, and a working native class. Nippon continues to expand and grow her military too.
- 1821: Nippon continues to help Finland in her invasion of Ternate, and colonization in Atarashii Nippon Nippon continues with the colony expanding by 1000 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 750 sq km too. Nippon continues to expand, upgrade and improve her military as well; especially seeing how spread out it is. Furthermore the naval base and a port facilities in Port Ringaa are completed and the Ringga Grand Fleet is set up to protect Nippon's colony, but the Ringga Grand Fleet's main purpose is for a sizeable strong naval force which is always ready to be sent to the west if need be to fight wars for Nippon and her allies, while not putting the Nippon home nation at a defensive risk. The Ringga Grand Fleet however do have problems with pirates around Java and Brunei, seeing how their are large areas in civil disarray there. Trusting her ally Persia to deal with the Brunei civil disarray, Nippon decides to intervene in Java and sends the Ringga Grand fleet to support a Pro-Nipponese coup in Sunda, which at the moment is in civil disarray. The Nipponese puppet state of Sunda is born, and ends the vast majority of the pirate problems around Java. The puppet government is ruled by local Javanese but overseen by Matsudaira Sadanobu who was a former close adivsor to the Shogun. Nippon also sends some representatives to the Rotterdam Conference, but Nippon has a very clear goal about how her Pacific Empire will grow.
- 1822: Nippon continues to help Finland in her invasion of Ternate, and colonization in Atarashii Nippon continues with the colony expanding by 1000 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 750 sq km too. Nippon continues to expand, upgrade and improve her military as well Seeing how so many new businesses are being started in Nippon, and how Nipponese society is becoming more business orientated, the Shogun decides to set up the Edo Stock Exchange (ESE), where Nipponese investors can buy shares in Nipponese companies, government bonds, shares in government projects like railway lines, and many other financial assets.
- 1823: Emperor Kōkaku steps down from his role as Emperor, in favour of his son, who is crowned Emperor Ninkō. Former Emperor Kōkaku is bestowed upon the honourable title of Abdicated Emperor (Daijō-ten'nō) after some argument with the Shogun. Elsewhere troops return home after the war against Turnate finishes, and Nippon's newly gained territories in the area are incorporated into the colony of Papua. Otherwise the Nipponese military continues to be upgraded and expanded in order to solidfy control over the new colony of Papua, which sees military bases being built on each of the islands. Also the Nipponese colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 750 sq km.
- 1824: Nippon continues to expand her military and upgrade the navy with new steam ships. Railways now span all over Honshu island and Shikoku island, and have nearly compassed all of Kyushu, and have begun to take root in Hokkaido. Also the Nipponese colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, and Satotochi expands by 1650 sq km.
- 1825: Nippon continues to expand her military, making the Nipponese military (especially the navy) is one of the most advanced in the world after many years of military spending; it is however not as large as some nations but it makes up what it lacks in size in technical ability, training and equipment. Railways now span all over Kyushu, and about a quarter of Hokkaido. Railway lines are also built in Kamochatoka and Karafuto in order to aid in the transportation of timber, ore, metal, etc. Also the Nipponese colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km by moving onto OTL New Ireland, and Satotochi expands by 1650 sq km. Furthermore seeing how France is in dynastic union with Russia, Nippon offers Russia a military alliance due to Nippon's good relations with France and to put an end to the previously sour Russo-Nippon relations.
- 1826: Nippon continues to expand her military, and Takato Arsenal open a new large scale armaments factory in Edo to help fuel this military expansion. Also the Nipponese colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, Satotochi expands by 600 sq km (200*3), and Papua expands 900 (300*3) sq km into Waigeo Island too. Negotiations also begin with Sweden to swap Sweden's claims to the New Bismarck archipelago and the islands off the southeastern tip of OTL Papua New Guinea, in return for getting the island of Dejima in Nagasaki as a trade post. However Nippon points out to Sweden that France is currently in control of Dejima and offers a trading post in Hirado instead.
- 1827: Nippon builds military bases in each one of her colonies, puppet states, and vassals, as part of Nippon's huge military expansion & build-up in the preparation for the upcoming war. In order to further strengthen her military power, Nippon secretly sends diplomats to her allies Vietnam, Finland, France, China, Korea, Persia, Prussia, Neue Brandenburg, Naples and Burma in order to secure military aid from each of her allies for the war. Nippon tells her allies she has a very clear list of objectives, and if the war goes well enough for Nippon to achieve all her objectives, she would have no problem in letting her allies join in with the division of the enemy's assets. Elsewhere Nippon's colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, Satotochi expands by 600 sq km (200*3), and Papua expands 350 sq km into Waigeo Island too; thanks mainly to the building of military bases and to increase the supply of resources available for the war.
- 1828: Nippon declares war on Hanthawaddy, an hour or so later, a large assault on the Hanthawaddian colony on the southern tip of Karafuto begins, and a few hours after that a large assault against the Hanthawaddian colony of Isekacoe on Ishigaki Island. These two colonies are quickly taken, but the larger invasion of Hanthawaddy's Ngainkeh colony begins soon after Nippon's first two objectives where taken. Nipponese troops concentrate their invasion of Ngainkeh on OTL Papua New Guinea, and Northern OTL Australia. The Grand Ringga Fleet also blockade the Straits of Malacca from Hanthawaddian ships to stop them attacking Nippon, and eventually the Grand Ringga Fleet sails north to seize the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and from there launch coastal raids against Hanthawaddy itself. Furthermore Nippon's Satotochi colony expands by 4650 sq km (1550*3) as more resources are needed for the war.
- 1829: Nippon are disappointed at Persia breaking their alliance, but Nippon vows to continue the war to better the Nipponese empire. The blockade of Hanthawaddy continues, and with Finnish help the coastal raids become more frequent and devastating. Nippon commits more troops to fighting in New Guinea and Australia, and announces to Nai O & her rebels that Nippon will support their cause and create a puppet state in South Australia for them where they can live freely, protected by Nippon from the White Elephant Republic and other would-be aggressors. Nippon sends diplomats to her allies China, Korea, Russia, Prussia and Naples to find out why they aren't helping Nippon in the war. Furthermore Nippon's Satotochi colony expands by 4650 sq km (1550*3) as more resources are needed for the war.
- 1830: Nippon continues to wage war against Hanthawaddy, with Nipponese victory seeming rather likely. Nippon begins to draw up plans for the division of Hanthawaddy. Also Nippon's Satotochi colony expands by 4650 sq km (1550*3) as more resources are needed for the war, especially mineral resources. Nippon also allows Persia to reform the Nippon-Persia alliance, but tells them they are at the bottom of the pecking order for the division of Hanthawaddy territory due to messing Nippon around. The Nipponese military is strengthened too, to ensure Nipponese victory. Nippon also tells China & Russia they respect their decision to remain neutral and honour both alliances. Nippon does once again ask Naples & Prussia what their stances are to the war, considering helping their ally Nippon. Also Nippon accept the alliance proposed by Bharat and sell a steam engine to Bharat too.
- 1831: Nippon continues to wage war against Hanthawaddy, and Nippon also begin to draft the terms of Hanthawaddy's impending defeat. Elsewhere Nippon's colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, Satotochi expands by 600 sq km (200*3), and Papua expands 350 sq km into Waigeo Island too
- 1832: Nippon continues to wage war against Hanthawaddy, and Nippon sends diplomats to Hanthawaddy to discuss terms of surrender. Elsewhere Nippon's colonies expand too, with Atarashii Nippon expanding by 1000 sq km, Satotochi expands by 600 sq km (200*3), and Papua expands 350 sq km into Waigeo Island too.
- 1833: Nippon continues to wage war against Hanthawaddy, and after many years of fighting, Hanthawaddy agrees to Nippon's terms of surrender and forces the Emperor of Hanthawaddy, Thimmatoyo to sign the first draft of the treaty of Kyoto, detailing what territory Hanthawaddy is being forced into giving up. The treaty of Kyoto's first draft includes the territorial gains of Nippon, Vietnam, Neue Brandenburg, and Finland. Nippon urges fellow war allies Persia, France, Korea, Burma & China to make it clear to the negotiators what territories there respective nations want. Otherwise Nippon combines the Hanthawaddian territory gained in OTL Central American and Northwestern Colombia into the Nipponese colony of Korubia; the Hanthawaddian territory in southern Arabia and in the Socotra archipelago becomes the Nipponese colony of Sokotara; Hanthawaddy's Karafuto territory is annexed into Karafuto prefecture; Hanthawaddy's Ishigaki Island territory is annexed into Nansei prefecture; Hanthawaddy's territory in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands becomes the colony of Nikoman; Hanthawaddy's OTL New Caledonia territory becomes the Nipponese colony of Sumyagato; Hanthawaddy's New Guinea territory is added into the Nipponese colony of Papua; Hanthawaddy's territory near OTL Darwin, Australia becomes the colony of Shuujin; the Hanthawaddian territory on OTL Cape York Peninsula, Australia becomes the Nipponese colony of Gosobudan; and the Hanthawaddian territory in OTL New South Wales and Victoria, Australia becomes the Nipponese vassal state of Ngainkeha. But then, realizing that the bureaucracy of managing all these colonies separately would be huge, and Nippon is close to defaulting on her war loans, Shogun Tokugawa Ienari decides to combine the Nipponese colonies of Atarashii Nippon, Papua, and Gosobudan into a single colony known as Papua Nipponia. The Shogun also sells the recently gained OTL Caledonia colony to Sweden in order to stop Nippon defaulting on its war loans. These cost cutting methods, and selling of Nipponese assets allow Nippon to pay off most of her war loans, and saves the nation from bankruptcy. Emperor Ninkō personally thanks Shogun Tokugawa Ienari and declares him a national hero and the Emperor's loyalist subject, thanks to Shogun Ienari tripling the Nipponese colonial empire during his reign, establishing Nippon as a major world power, and saving the nation from disaster several times.
- 1834: Nippon agrees to ally with Hanthawaddy, but reminds them that they will probably have to give up a bit more territory in the 2nd draft of the treaty of Kyoto. Nippon also thanks Sweden for the ironclad, but finance ministers inform the Shogun that the Nipponese economy is still in bad shape after the work, and a lot of restructuring is needed in the newly gained territories, and the Imperial Nipponese Navy lost hundreds of ships in the war, mainly older galleon ships, but the INN is still in a weak shape, and new battleships are needed. In order to finance the restructuring of the new colonies and to update the INN, Nippon offers their territory in Brunei for sale to Brunei; Nippon does add a clause on the sale of Nipponese Brunei however: Brunei shall always send military aid to Nippon when Nippon is at war, and it shall be assumed that Brunei is sending military aid to Nippon during war unless Brunei specifically says that they aren't sending aid. As well as this financing operation, the Shogun announces a huge plantation scheme, which shall also unify the spread out parts of the Papua Nipponia colony causing the colony to expand by 9,150 sq km. As well as the economy, the Shogun also notices a lot of social problems in the empire, he sees the new former-Hanthawaddian subjects discontented with Nipponese rule, and the Nipponese peasantry discontented with the inequality of Nipponese society, so the Shogun begins to plan a scheme which will make sure he goes down in the history books as the greatest Shogun of all time...(more to come)
- 1835: Nippon tells Sweden that her Australian territories are not for sale. Nippon also starts the rebuilding of the Imperial Nipponese Navy, commissioning mostly new ironclad ships. Papua Nipponia colony expands by 9,150 sq km across the Bismark archipelgio, New Guinea and cape york peninsula. Shogun Tokugawa Ienari announces the 1835 Social Stratification Act too: the act is designed to better structure the Nipponese empire's social structures and to clearly designate the Nipponese from the other ethnicities which populate the empire and to divide the empire by race. The act does this by having Hanthawaddian colonists in Papua Nipponia being forcibly bought out by the Nipponese government and then the Hanthawaddian colonists are sent to go and live in Ngainkeha, which is designated as a purely native state. The bought Hanthawaddian land in Papua Nipponia is then put into a lottery system to be randomly distributed among the peasantry of Nippon itself who signed up for the scheme. While this act greatly pleases the Nipponese peasantry as a lot of them become large landholders, the forcibly bought out Hanthawaddian colonists are fairly annoyed about being forced out of their homes, and being forced into moving to Ngainkeha. The act also designates colonies into social castes: Shuujin becomes the penal colony where the criminal underclass of the empire will be forced to live. Satotochi and Papua Nipponia are designated as Nipponese and shall be incorporated into Nippon as an official part of the nation one day (or so the act hopes). The vassal states of Chamoru, Sunda and Ngainkeha are designate as associate states. Ringga, Sokotara and Nikoman are designated as trading post colonies due to their small size and trading importance by the act; and in fact multiculturalism is encouraged in the trading post colonies but with a Nipponese merchant class is firmly in control. Korubia is designated as a native colony, meaning there is a small Nipponese ruling class and a large native/Hanthawaddian working class.
- 1836: Nippon publishes the second draft of the treaty of Kyoto, dictating how Hanthawaddy shall be divided. This includes the dividing of Hanthawaddy's Peruvian colony between Korea, Persia and France (Hanthawaddy keeps some though), China gaining territory in Tibet, and Burma gaining Hanthawaddian south Burma. The radical Muslim revolutions in Arabia also worry Nippon, and she fortifies her Sokotara colony and allows refuges displaced from all of the chaos in the region to come and reside in refuge camps set up in Sokotara enclave in Arabia itself (not the Socotra islands) and the 100 or so radical Muslims in Sokotara who decide to rebel against Nipponese rule are sent to Shuujin. Shuujin expands along the coast northwards by 500 sq km partially thanks to all of the Muslim convicts moving northwards and creating their own little radical Muslim communities, mostly because they clashed so much with the other convicts who are heavy drinkers. Otherwise the other colonies expand too, with Nikoman expanding 850 sq km into the southern uncolonised Nicobar islands (thus meaning Nikoman spanned the entire Andaman and Nicobar Island chain), Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km.
- 1837: To encourage economic activity in Nippon, Shogun Tokugawa Ienari appoints Ninomiya Sontoku as a new government official in charge of the over seeing the creation of financial institutions called gojoukou, (五常講 ごじょうこう) eventually aiming to have one in each village. Each member of a village union could borrow fund interest free for 100 days, while the entire membership shared the cost in case of default. Otherwise Shuujin expands northwards by (500*3) 1,500 sq km Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km.
- 1838: Nippon accepts Ricasolia's trade deal, and in light of all of the trade deals with European and American nations, Nippon starts a plan to build a pan-Panama railway where goods will be put onto trains on one side of Panama and then they'll be transported to the other side, and then transported by another ship to Asia and Oceania. Huge port cities begin to be constructed on either end of the pan-panama railway as do the rail-lines which shall soon span across Panama. Nippon also sets up more refugee camps in Arabian Sokotara, and promotes religious tolerance across the empire. Otherwise Shuujin expands northwards by (500*3) 1,500 sq km Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km. (Note these colonies are expanding inland).
- 1839: Nippon announces her interest in buying Korea's Colombian colony, but Nippon's finances are still not great so they decide not to make an offer just yet. The Ironclad upgrade of the INN continues too, with now half of the INN being ironclads. Also Takashi Gunto dies, and the Takato Arsenal goes into joint ownership with a board of directors formed by Takashi Gunto taking over the general running of the Arsenal, and splitting the ownership of the company between them. They begin to start making ironclads but with large artillery guns on top, a few of these are bought by the INN but they are quite expensive so not many are bought. Otherwise Shuujin expands northwards by (500*3) 1,500 sq km Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km.
- 1840: Daijō-ten'nō Kōkaku (the former abdicated emperor) dies, and a large funeral procession goes through Kyoto. He is buried at Sennyū-ji and Emperor Ninkō orders Sennyū-ji to be expanded so it can become the official resting place of all the Emperors of Nippon of the next thousand years and designates Sennyū-ji as a sacred site. Otherwise Shuujin expands northwards by (500*3) 1,500 sq km Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km.
- 1841: "The father of the modern Nipponese empire" Shogun Tokugawa Ienari dies age 67 after ruling as Shogun for 53 years and a huge funeral procession goes through Edo, with all 900 women in his harem planting a sakura tree around his mausoleum, and 80 children each paying for a monument to be build with one of Inenari's many great exploits commemorated on it, and these put in between each sakura trees closest to the mausoleum itself. Shogun Ienari's second son Ieyoshi is appointed the new Shogun, and the new Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi orders the Zōjō-ji temple grounds and graveyards to be expanded so the rest of the Tokugawa clan in the future can be laid to rest with the rest of their kin. Zōjō-ji is declared a sacred site and attracts many tourists, pilgrims and other people coming to pay their respects to the Tokugawa clan. The rest of the surrounding land around Zōjō-ji is bought out and cheap housing is built around, which could be knocked down if Zōjō-ji needed to be expanded. A similar degree as the one in Zōjō-ji surrounding area is made for Sennyū-ji's surrounding area. Otherwise Shuujin expands northwards by (500*3) 1,500 sq km Satotochi expands (450*3) 1,350 sq km, and then both Papua Nipponia & Korubia expand (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km.
- 1842: Nippon amps up its military and the ironclad replacement program ends; the older obsolete naval ships are given to Ngainkeha to form their own navy. Nippon also expands her colonies with Shuujin expanding northwards along the coast by 1000 sq km, and Korubia expands by 1050 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together. Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1843: Nippon hears about Vietnam building steamships for her navy, and offers Vietnam a new border agreement in the Philippines, in return for these borders Nippon will build half of Vietnam's fleet including the latest ironclad ships, and give Vietnam ironclad ship tech too. The refugees in Sokotara leave the refugee camps set up by Nippon too, with some returning to Persia, others back to the Caliphate and some decide to move to Korubia to start a new life. Otherwise Korubia expands by 1800 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1844: Nippon helps Taiwan to set up her colony, and offers an alliance to Taiwan too. All of Nippon proper, is now accessible by rail and the new middle classes and upper classes are the main users of the railways to travel; but the merchants and businesses of Nippon use the railways a lot more, mostly to transport goods around Nippon. More shipyards are built across Nippon too, including the super-sized Kobe Imperial Shipyard which is the largest in the world, and it produces the ironclads Nippon is giving to Vietnam to modernize her navy. Otherwise Nippon continues to expand her colonies with Shuujin expanding north along the coast by 500 sq km, Korubia expands by 1800 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 500 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1845: Nippon believes that the native Brunei nation should be allowed to take most of Borneo as it is their native land, and points out that Brunei didn't partake in the Rotterdam conference, and they did gain Persia's claim to Borneo too. However Nippon shows reluctance in getting involved in another military conflict, and offers to act as mediator in this matter. Otherwise Korubia expands by 1800 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1846: In Nippon a very large funeral possession passes through Kyoto after Emperor Ninkō's death, and Emperor Ninkō is buried at Sennyū-ji. Prince Osahito, fourth son of the deceased Emperor Ninkō, ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne as Emperor Kōmei of Nippon. Emperor Kōmei pushes the Shogun to enact medical reform so that better health care is offered to the people of Nippon, after seeing some of the poor medical treatment given to his recently deceased father. This includes the use of anesthesia, across the board use of ligatures, and more research into the germ theory. Otherwise Korubia expands by 1800 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1847: Nippon continues to fund medical research, with a young doctor from Osaka called Kōichi Shidōu finding fame, after he conducted a series of researches including looking how people who drank from polluted wells and rivers got ill, whereas those who drank from clean water didn't; he then showed how when people have smallpox, those who come into close contact with the person infected with smallpox would be more likely to get smallpox themselves. He then combined his findings, the work of Marcus Terentius Varro & Antonie van Leeuwenhoek and his own thoughts into his thesis about Micro-organisms and how some of them seem to spread disease. He calls these disease spreading micro-organisms Sukoshini. Dr. Kōichi Shidōu points out that the Sukoshini are too small to travel great distances so they must be carried around by larger creatures to further spread their illnesses; and that they like to breed in dirty polluted places. He concludes in his thesis that the Sukoshini eat the creatures they are living on, and their blood is poisonous so when they eat the other creatures their blood poisons the creatures causing them to get the symptoms of illnesses. Otherwise Korubia expands by 1800 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula too, as the colony begins to encompass the whole peninsula.
- 1848: Nippon increases the amount of mining being done in the colonies, as well as growing the Nipponese timber industry. Dr. Kōichi Shidōu following the success of his thesis begins a study in the spread of Smallpox, and trying to work out ways to stop the deadly disease from spreading so much. The good doctor stumbles upon something unexpected after he notices different animals react differently to being injected with the blood of people with smallpox, and he concludes that different species of animals have different tolerances to diseases, after he infects the animals with other diseases to test his hypothesis; Dr. Kōichi Shidōu however doesn't know why animals have different tolerances though. Otherwise Korubia expands by (1800*3) 5,400 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
- 1849: Seeing all the diplomatic tensions with Brunei between Finland and Naples, Nippon suggests clearly showing Brunei what land is claimed by other nations, and then showing where is unclaimed and helping Brunei establish claims to these unclaimed lands. The Shogun see's the Vietnamese policy of "dumps" and the research of Dr. Kōichi Shidōu, and enact the 1849 Public Health Act. This act creates dumps just like the ones in Vietnam, and river pollution becomes a crime. Furthermore factory chimneys are required to be as high as possible so the smog is blown away by the wind, rather than creating a smog which would pollute the city. Otherwise Korubia expands by (1800*3) 5,400 sq km so that the two parts of the colony are closer together; Satotochi expands by 1000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
- 1850: Nippon's Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi is worried about the recent Ngainkeha calls for independence, and the Shogunate is split over how to deal with the matter, if Ngainkeha did ask for independence would Nippon allow it or oppose it? To make matters worse, thanks to all the political talk about the Ngainkeha problem, liberal politicians notice the much larger amount of political freedom and democracy in Ngainkeha opposed to the ruling feudal military dictatorship of the Shogun in Nippon. People then begin to question this, and calls in Nippon for more political freedom, spread across the land. Fearing a rebellion, Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi declares Nipponese neutrality in any current wars, in order to save military force to deal with the potential rebellion. Otherwise Korubia expands by (1,800*3) 5,400 sq km, Satotochi expands by (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
- 1851: The Nipponese pro-democracy protests are put down violently, and scenes quickly turn ugly as the protests turn into riots, and some of liberal Daimyo offer their support to the liberals. Slowly more and more Daimyo join the liberal side, and they demand the Shogun to enact democratic reforms or face being overthrown. The Shogun fearing a loss of his clan's dominance, quickly ushers in the 1851 Democracy Act, which gives the people of Nippon much more political power. This ends the "Tokugawa Bakufu period" and starts the "Democratic Bakufu Period". The liberals are pleased with this, and stop their rebelling; and preparations for the first prefectural elections begin. Nippon colonies expand too, with Shuujin expanding by 800 sq km, Korubia expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km, Satotochi expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
Democratic Bakufu Period (1852-1867)
- 1852: Nipponese liberals take a few ideas from the beauharnism preaching Prince, however the liberals wish to see how their own theories and ideas work out for Nippon before using the ideas of foreigners. The first prefectural elections begin with prefectural Diets being elected for each one of Nippon's prefectures; and work goes under way for the first lot of Ministerial elections, and the first lot of colonial elections too. Also Nippon puts the Ngainkeha independence talks on hold, until the Nipponese elections are finished and there is a new government to discuss independence with. Nippon also agrees to Korea's plan to link the two nations up by telegraph, and the Shogun starts a program to link the whole of Nippon up via telegraph. Finally, Nippon colonies expand as well, with Shuujin expanding by 800 sq km, Korubia expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km, Satotochi expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
- 1853: The first colonial and ministerial elections take place in Nippon, with mostly liberals and pro-shogunate representatives coming into power. Political parties also begin to form in Nippon as representatives with similar ideologies become political allies, and begin to band together. The largest party is the Pro-Shogunate conservative party, followed by the liberal party, followed by the Pro-Emperor party, and then a large range of parties with more specialized goals. A few radical communist parties are around too, but they only hold around 20 seats in the whole Nipponese political system, as the ideas of communism have largely been rejected as the Nipponese are still content with the current system, and the Emperor's divine rule. Talks begin with the Ngainkeha government to allow Ngainkeha to succeed from Nippon, and Nippon agrees with the idea, as long as the two nations remain good allies, trade partners, and help each other out in times of need. Plus Nippon colonies expand too, with Shuujin expanding by 800 sq km, Korubia expands by (1,000*3) 3,000 sq km, Satotochi expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island. The Universities of the Pacific Rim Cooperation Group is set up too, which is a group for universities in the Pacific Rim where they join up, and help each other in research and exchange programs and the like. Ngainkeha agrees to this, and becomes independent and signs the Pact of Iron with Nippon.
- 1854: Nippon's colonies expand with Shuujin expanding by 800 sq km, Korubia expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km, Satotochi expands (1000*3) 3000 sq km, and Papua Nipponia expands by (1000*3) 3000 sq km in OTL New Guinea island.
- 1855: Nippon's factory industries go through a large transformation thanks to the newly elected Industry Ministry, focusing on metallurgy and textiles. The Taxation Ministry also makes the tax system more efficient and fairer, so revenues increase as tax dodgers are stopped, and some of the poorer citizens pay less tax too. The Rail Ministry also begins to start projects to bring railways to the colonies, and to Karafuto & Kamochatoka. Nippon's colonies expand also, with Korubia expanding into OTL Columbia by (1,000*5) 5,000 sq km, Satotochi expanding (1,000*5) 5,000 sq km (to the border agreed with New Lithuania in 1843), and Papua Nipponia expands by (1,800*5) 9,000 sq km into the heart of OTL New Guinea island too.
- 1856: Nippon has a census across the empire so that information could be gathered to assess what level of tax people should pay under the new tiered tax system. The census reveals other information too, such as the population being just a bit under 42 million and a baby boom happening in the urban centres as families struggle to pay their rent, so have more children to send them to work to increase the family income. The Shogun is personally shocked by this, and in an effort to stop children having to work to keep the family in their homes, the Shogun sets up the Tokugawa Housing Trust, where the Tokugawa clan buy houses and then offer them to poor families on a very low mortgage rate. The colonies of Nippon continue expanding also, with Satotochi expanding (1,000*5) 5,000 sq km (to the border agreed with New Lithuania in 1843), and Papua Nipponia expands by (1800*5) 9000 sq km into the heart of OTL New Guinea island too, and 1000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1857: Nippon decides to buy the Bharati train and they are used on the busiest rail lines to save on coal consumption. Nippon also joins China in declaring neutrality, and joins the peace celebration. The more extreme factions of Nipponese politics are against this as they see Sweden's Pacific colonies right for the taking; however they are out-voted in all areas of Nipponese government as the vast majority of Nipponese politicians see that trade with Sweden is more valuable than the Swedish colonies, Nippon could invade. Nippon sees no gain from a war with Persia either. The colonies of Nippon continue expanding also, with Satotochi expanding (1000*5) 5000 sq km (to the border agreed with New Lithuania in 1843), and Papua Nipponia expands by (1800*5) 9000 sq km into the heart of OTL New Guinea island too, and 1000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1858: Nipponese politicians take some of the socialist ideals from the French, but reject most of it as Nippon wishes to determine its own political scene. The colonies of Nippon continue expanding also, with Shuujin expanding 1000 sq km as more convicts are sent to the penal colony and Papua Nipponia expands by (1800*5) 9000 sq km into the heart of OTL New Guinea island too, and 1000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1859: Nippon begins to industrialize the colonies of the empire more, and also helps Chamoru and Sunda industrailize too. This includes the building of small rail networks and more widespread use of factories. Shuujin is excluded from this industrailization though as it is a penal colony. Thanks to this industrailization programme, the colonies of Nippon continue expanding, with Papua Nipponia expands by (1,800*5) 9,000 sq km into the heart of OTL New Guinea island too, and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1860: Nippon declares neutrality in the conflict brewing between Naples and Russia-France, as it has nothing to do with Nippon. Elections are done this year too, but voter turnout is low, with a survey showing that most people are confused with the current system, and there are too many positions you need to vote for. Politicians decide to simply the system and join together the splintered ministries before they grow too far apart. The colonies of Nippon continue expanding too, with Papua Nipponia expands by (1800*5) 9000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1861: Nippon continues to industrialize and a new political system is brought in to replace the Bakufu-Ministry system. The 1861 National Diet Act is brought in, and this replaces the Bakufu-Ministry system with a National Diet. The National Diet is very similar to the current prefectural Diet system, but the Shogun resides as the Diet's speaker rather than a Daimyo lord. For more info please see here. Otherwise, the colonies of Nippon continue expanding, with Papua Nipponia expanding by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1862: Nipponese ship builders begin to make loads of warships to sell to the warring nations of Europe, and offer them on sale to anybody. These are the latest and strongest ships available on the commercial market, the only two nations with better ships being Nippon and Sweden. Otherwise the colonies of Nippon continue expanding, with Papua Nipponia expanding by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1863: Nippon is shocked at the rebellion in China, and sends plenty of supplies to the Chinese government. The INN also blockade rebel held ports, and ensure the rebels have no naval strengh. Otherwise the colonies of Nippon continue expanding, with Papua Nipponia expanding by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland.
- 1864: Nippon's Shogun Tokugawa Iesada is dying, and on his death bed under pressure from the Ōoku and other senior politicians, he adopts Tokugawa Iemochi as his son. Iesada dies a few days later, and Tokugawa Iemochi becomes the new Shogun. This move is accepted well by the politicians of the National Diet, who see the young Shogun easy to manipulate and so be controlled by the National Diet. Military aid continues to be sent to China to help stop the rebels, and a large propaganda campaign begins in Nippon to stop a Christian rebellion in Nippon, and promotes Shinto. A young aspiring group of Nipponese military officers take a large group of Chinese villagers and trains them with the latest military training and tactics. In a year, the Nipponese officer corp trained army wins 24 battles against the rebels, earning the army the nickname: "The Ever Victorious Army." However Korea then invades China, and Nippon commits more troops to deal with Korea, and demand Korea back down. Because of this, Nippon's National Diet votes against helping France as the current situation in China is more relevant to Nippon. Otherwise, the colonies of Nippon continue expanding, with Papua Nipponia expanding by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 2000 sq km in OTL New Ireland & into the nearby OTL Admiralty islands.
- 1865: Nippon continues to help China with her problems, and this creates a lot of discontent within the Korean population of Nippon. This is dealt with by deporting the troublesome Koreans to Shuujin. Because of this Shuujin expands 1000 sq km into the Tiwi Islands. The Papua Nipponia colony expands by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 1000 sq km in OTL Admiralty islands. Also Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi is slowly pushed out of political affairs, and becomes more of a rubber-stamping member of the National Diet; this is thanks to the senior politicians hiring concubines to keep Iemochi "pre-occupied" and also arranging diplomatic meetings with foreign dignitaries. These actions ensure Iemochi has as little time as possible to manage the National Diet and keep them under his control.
- 1866: Nippon is pleased Korea has withdrawn, but Nipponese troops remain in China to deal with the rebels in the south. "The Ever Victorious Army" continues to win all their battles and makes Chinese victory look almost certain. Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi is now practically out of all political decision making, thanks to the manipulating politicians who think that they have more of a right to rule the land than Iemochi as they were democratically elected. Iemochi now just rubber stamps everything and is forced into a corner. This annoys him and the Tokugawa clan who see them losing control over Nippon. Iemochi does however spend a lot of time with the French diplomat who is trying to get Nippon contribute to the French war effort, and Iemochi begins to learn the ideals of mesheryakovism. Elsewhere the Papua Nipponia colony expands by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (1000*5) 5000 sq km in western OTL New Guinea island, (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island and 1000 sq km in OTL Admiralty islands.
The Mesheryakovist period (1867-1874)
- 1867: "The Ever Victorious Army" continues to win all their battles and makes Chinese victory look almost certain, and so Nippon begins to withdraw some of their military forces. Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi befriends Trochu, and decides to assume complete control of the empire. To do this, Iemochi hires ninjas to bomb the National Diet building in Edo; Iemochi blames it on Taipeng sympathizers and declares a state of emergency. This allows Iemochi to bypass the National Diet, and Iemochi enacts a series of acts known collectively as the enabling acts. These acts include the National Diet being handpicked by Iemochi, and exiles the opposing politicians to Shuujin. Iemochi declares Nippon to be under full control of the Shogunate, and joins France and Russia in the mesheryakovist alliance. This angers a lot of the liberals and they protest, but a lot of them just end up being exiled to Shuujin, and because of this mass deportation of opposition political activists, the Shuujin penal colony expands inland by (1000*5) 5000 sq km. Elsewhere the Papua Nipponia colony expands by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (1000*5) 5000 sq km in western OTL New Guinea island and (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island.
- 1868: Nippon demands Sweden give Finland independence, and threatens to invade Sweden's Pacific territories. The Nipponese navy also blockades the Straits of Malacca with the Ringga Grand Fleet, declaring it a Mesheryakovist only zone. Also plans to make Satotochi part of Nippon proper as Satotochi prefecture begin to be formulated. Otherwise the Shuujin penal colony expands inland by (1000*5) 5000 sq km as more people part of the political opposition against the Shogun are deported there; and the Papua Nipponia colony expands by (1000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (1000*5) 5000 sq km in western OTL New Guinea island and (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island too.
- 1869: Nippon continues to help her Mesheryakovist allies and more of the political opposition is deported to Shuujin, meaning the Shuujin penal colony expands inland by (1000*5) 5000 sq km; and the Papua Nipponia colony expands by (1,000*5) 5000 sq km in the Cape York Peninsula, (1000*5) 5000 sq km in western OTL New Guinea island and (800*5) 4000 sq km into OTL New Britain island too.
- 1870: Nippon's Emperor Kōmei dies, and his son ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne as Emperor Meiji. Shogun Iemochi see's the tide turning against his Mesheryakovist allies, and announces plans for a huge assault against Vietnam and the colonies and vassals of Finland and Sweden. Border skirmishes begin on Luzon island, but it isn't anything major as they are still waiting for supporting armies. The INN is sent to raid the coast lines of these nations/colonies/vassals but the military chiefs think this is a fools move and mobilizes as slowly as possible to do as little damage against Nippon's former allies. Several members of the naval staff board visit the Shuujin penal colony to, to meet up with the exiled politicians and plan a coup against the Shogunate. They plan to get rid of the non-elected Tokugawa shogunate, and make the role of Shogun an elected one (basically a prime minister). The people planning the coup secretly meet up with Swedish, Finnish and Vietnamese officals to get them to support their coup against Shogun Iemochi. Otherwise Shuujin expands inland by (1000*5) 5000 sq km as more people are exiled, and Papua Nipponia expands 2000 sq km into OTL New Britain and the near by islands. This is because the Shogun needs more plantations and timber for war supplies.
- 1871: Shogun Iemochi is dismayed at the loss of his Australian territories, and decides to invade New Lithuania and Taiwan to make up for the lost resources. Nippon's forces manage to take over all of Luzon island and Taiwan island by the end of the year. The newly conquered territories' factories become part of the Shogun's war machine, manufacturing supplies for the war effort almost non-stop thanks to the use of slave labour. Iemochi also orders the INN on a huge privateering mission and the mission stops just over half of the anti-Mesheryakovist shipping in the Pacific and east Indies. However several of the INN's fleets mutiny and join the Coalition of the Pacific causing the Shogun to force Chamoru's navy to fight for Nippon.
- 1872: Nippon continues to lose territory to the Coalition of the Pacific and more of the INN defect too, and Nippon loses her naval strength. The Nipponese colony of Korubia and Sokotara both rebel and Nippon loses control of them too. Anti-Tokugawa protests begin in major cities, and these are cracked down harshly; these protesters are forced to work in factories as slave labour as punishment. Shogun Iemochi requests aid from his Mesheryakovist allies before he loses Nippon to the Coalition of the Pacific.
- 1873: Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi sends his main armies to fight in Hyogo prefecture to stop the coalition forces. He asks Russia for Gatling guns and the new artillery guns to help turn the tide against the coalition forces, before they seize Kyoto.
- 1874: The Coalition of the Pacific supports the Swedish navy defeat the Russo-Nipponese fleet, thus taking away all of Shogun Iemochi's naval power. This allows the Coalition to blockade the Tokugawa held areas of Nippon, and allows the coalition to take Kyoto, thus wining the battle of Hyogo prefecture. As the Coalition forces march towards Edo, Emperor Meiji announces Imperial support for the Coalition and denounces the rule of the Tokugawa Shogunate. This news spreads quickly throughout Nippon, and many of the Daimyo declare support for the coalition as they have support of the Emperor, the true ruler of Nippon. This eventually leaves Edo as the last remaining Mesheryakovist stronghold. The siege of Edo begins, and lasts for a week, it ends with Shogun Iemochi and his remaining hardcore supporters being assassinated by members of the Shogunate who switched sides, releasing the war was lost. They open up the gates of Edo, and let the coalition forces in. Rather than surrender the rest of the hardcore supporters gather outside Edo castle to commit Seppuku. The Coalition of the Pacific thus take all of Nippon, as the other Daimyo lords recognise the Imperial-backed authority of the coalition's rule. The new Nipponese government recognise the independence of the USA and Sokotara, they also begin to draft a new constitution for Nippon, and plans to attack Russian Siberia are drafted.
The Constitutional Period (1874-????)
- 1910: (Nippon reaches Stage 4 of industrialization)