Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск) is the largest city in Kenai and the fifth-largest city in Alaska. Located on the Kenai Gulf coast, Nikolayevsk is one of the oldest trading posts of Russian America. Nikolayevsk developed into a railway hub during the late 19th Century, competing against New Archangel and Nushagak for economic superiority in northern Alaska.
The early to mid 20th Century would see a decline of Nikolayevsk, coming about due to the Alaskan Wars and eventually the Good Friday Earthquake of 1964. Nikolayevsk saw a resurrection beginning in the 1970s, eventually surpassing the national capital of New Archangel as the largest city on the Gulf of Alaska. Nikolayevsk gained international attention in 1994 when the city hosted the Winter Olympics (also becoming the first time Alaska hosted the games).