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Nicolas Sarkozy (pronounced [nikɔla saʁkɔzi] (help·info), born Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa on 28 January 1955 in the 17th arrondissement of Paris) is the President of the French Republic and ex-officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal ten days earlier.
On 6 May 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy became the sixth person to be elected President of the Fifth Republic (which was established in 1958), and the 23rd president in French history. He is the first French president to have been born after World War II.
The official transfer of power from Jacques Chirac took place on 16 May at 11:00 am (9:00 UTC) at the Élysée Palace, where he was given the authorization codes of the Force de frappe|French nuclear arsenal and presented with the Grand Master's Collar, symbol of his new function of Grand Master of the Légion d'honneur|Legion of Honour. Leyenda, by Spanish composer Isaac Albéniz was played in honour of the president's wife, who is Albeniz's great-granddaughter. Both Sarkozy's mother Andrée, who sat on a regal chair, and his formerly estranged father Pal – with whom Sarkozy had reached a reconciliation – attended the ceremony, as did Sarkozy's children.
The presidential motorcade, with the President on board the presidential Peugeot, then traveled from the Élysée to the for a public ceremony at the Arc de Triomphe. Then the new president went to the Cascade du Bois de Boulogne of Paris for an homage to the French Resistance and to the French Communist Party|Communist resistant Guy Môquet – he proposed that all high-school students read Guy Moquet's last letter to his parents, which was criticised by a number of leftists as a cynical form of re-appropriation of French history by the right. In the afternoon, the new President flew to Berlin to meet with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.