Nicholas Murray Butler (April 2, 1862 - December 7, 1947) was president of the United States and an American politician. Butler became well educated and rose to become president of Columbia University, which led to him becoming politically active in the Nationalist Party and eventually becoming Vice President under Charles Evan Hughes. Butler was a full support of a hand's off approach to the economy, which grew by leaps and bounds under his presidency. Butler was known for his great speeches about the issues of the time plaguing the nation. Unlike the rest of the Nationalists, Butler did not believe in isolationism, and believed American action in Europe and the rest of the world was necessary. This belief caused conflict with the Nationalist-controlled Congress, and the Nationalist Party. This belief, along with his belief that prohibition should be repealed, caused him to lose favor with the Nationalists, despite his popularity with the public. In the 1928 election Herbert Hoover was selected over Butler, bringing an end to his politically career. Afterwards, Butler became a philosopher and continued to support American international action.