Nicholas II
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Nicholas II (NB)
Portrait of Nicholas II

Emperor of Russia
1 November 1894 – 12 February 1907

Predecessor Alexander III
Successor Michael II
Born 18 May 1868
Flag of Russia Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died 21 May 1933 (aged 65)
Flag of the United Kingdom London, United Kingdom
Spouse Alix of Hesse

Nicholas II (18 May 1868 – 21 May 1933) was an Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland, from 1 November 1894 to 12 February 1907. He was officially known as Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias.

During his reign, Nicholas was faced with much dissent among leaders and his people. In the later years of his reign, he suffered a devastating loss in the Russo-Japanese War, faced widespread revolutions during the Revolutions of 1905, and was again dragged into war with the Great War of Europe. During this war, he abdicated his position and fled with his family to the United Kingdom. He was succeeded by his younger brother, Michael.


Nicholas was born at Tsarskoye Selo in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Nicholas II and his royal cousin, George V




Life in Exile