Motto Qauerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin for "Seek ye first kingdom of God".) (English)
"Ode to Newfoundland"
French, Irish, Indigenous languages
Protestant Christianity, mainly "Anglicanism"
Roman Catholicism, Indigenous religions
Ethnic Groups main
French, German, Canadian, American
Newfoundlander, Newfie "sometimes derogatory", Labradorian "only for Labrador"
Constitutional monarchy and federal parliamentary democracy
Commonwealth of Nations, NATO
Newfoundland is a parliamentary government that shares one land border with Canada and a maritime border to a French territory of St Pierre and Miquellon. A Commonwealth of Nations member state and realm. It was a British colony from 1783-1907 as part of British North America. It became a self governing colony in 1855. Then it became independent as a dominion in 1907.