The Republic of New York was an independent nation located in eastern North America. The republic expanded to include all of modern day New Netherland (excluding the New Jersey states and the New Netherlander Antilles), Richmond County, and Vermont).
Established on May 22, 1775, as the State of New York, it was one of the Thirteen Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain. Throughout the majority of the Revolution, the southernmost portions of the state were occupied by the British. After gaining independence, the City of New York became the capital of the United States of America.
New York's governor, George Clinton, was an opponent to the establishment of a more centralized government. After the failure of the Constitutional Convention in 1787, New York became one of the first states to declare independence from the Articles of Confederation on November 9, 1787 (ultimately leading to the dissolution of the confederation the following year).
Shortly after independence, New York went to war against the Vermont Republic and New England over disputed territory. New York's loss would eventually lead to New York's unification with neighboring New Jersey to form the Union of New Netherland in 1792.