'New Soviets' Movement (1987: Bombs Over Kabul)
The 'New Soviets' Movement, also called NU-Soviets Movement, abbreviated as the NSM, was an underground anarchist-communist subculture in the streets of Moscow from around the early 1990s to the early 2000s. Sparked by the 1987 Soviet overthrow and nuclear campaign, young street gangs quickly began utilizing forms of guerrilla warfare to manipulate the Russian government.
On December 28, 1990, a riot broke out on the streets of St. Petersburg following Alexander Rutskoy's first act of office (to emphasize automotive insurance). Looters stole $12 million of merchandise out of stores, and rioters resorted to full-fledged battles, with several casualties on both sides. Finally, the police subdued the crowd, and only 1/8 of those involved were put to jail.
Weeks after the riot, a street gang calling themselves the Chernye Orly (Черные Орлы - 'Black Eagles') began recruiting followers to launch 'a raid on the Imperials'. Over a course of two months, mentored forty-or-more recruits in the field of guerrilla warfare. In March, the NSM began to plan a 'serious operation', and on April 22, 1991, the Russian White House Raid began.
Russian White House Raid
On April 22, 1991, at 2:29 pm, ten NSM followers entered the lobby of the Russian White House, brandishing illegally licensed sub-machine guns. Threatening the clerk and patrons, they took seven hostages and fled to the eighteenth floor. Moscow police were alerted within minutes, and the standoff began after a police helicopter was shot at, injuring the pilot.
By 3:30 pm, the Federal Security Service (FSB) had been alerted of the situation, and mobilized troops to 'eradicate the enemy'. The task force, consisting of seven men, succeeded in clearing the bottom floors, but were forced to evacuate when, hoping to flush out the soldiers, loaded the elevator with improvised gas bombs and severed the cable. The explosion rippled through the building, but the soldiers were sweeping the third floor at the time of the accident. No casualties were reported.
By nightfall, the Russian Army had launched attack helicopters to 'intercept' the hostage takers.
At 10:30 pm sharp, at the command of President Alexander Rutskoy, the helicopters began firing at the attackers through the building with mounted machine guns, obliterating several floors and killing all but two of the attackers; the hostages had taken cover on the floor below.
The latter two, identified as Voitto Peura and Vsevolod Gavrilyuk (the de facto co-rulers of the Chernye Orly) were subsequently killed in the crossfire.
Shortly after, Thaksin Ngô, a former commander in the Khmer Rouge gone rogue, and 'Pantera' Filipov, a sharpshooter for the Tamil Tigers, helped militarize the NSM. Much like the Afghan mujahdeen, the NSM retreated into the nether regions of Siberia.
Over a course of eight years, the NSM trained its troops for war, and soon enough, that war would come.
1997 Moscow Bombings
On June 14, 1997, sixteen white vans, packed with incendiary explosives, were parked at various areas in and around Moscow. At precisely 5:20 pm, the bombs exploded within milliseconds of each other, sending clouds of fire into the evening skies above the city. Altogether, approximately 45 million dollars US worth of property was torched, and 14 people suffered mild to severe injuries. No immediate fatalities were reported, although a 7-year-old that suffered moderate burns later died of complications of a pulmonary embolism a few days later. It is unknown whether his death can be accurately connected with the incident.