New Russia (Russian: Новая Россия, Novaya Rossiya), also referred to as the New Russian Governorates (Новороссийские губернии, Novorossiyskiye gubernii), is a historical and political region located in central Alaska. The region is comprised of five of Alaska's governorates — New Caledonia, the Queen Charlotte Islands, Sitka, Tongass, and Yakutat.
The name New Russia dates back to the late 18th Century with the establishment of a trading post and penal colony of the same name (located southwest of Slavorossiysk, Yakutat). The colony only lasted a decade before being destroyed by the native Tlingits. once the native populations were subdued, the Russian-American Company (headed by Alexander Baranov) would quickly return to the area and establish a new colonial capital, New Archangel. In the 1930s, the Russian Empire would organize their American colonies into oblasts, with New Archangel and its surrounding area being incorporated into the Oblasts of New Russia (Новороссийская область, Novorossiyskaya oblast).
Throughout the 19th Century, New Russia would remain the political center of Russian America. Compared to the southernmost regions (e.g., Sonoma and Oregon), New Russia would not witness a population growth early in its history. This would change following the discovery of gold in the 1860s and the subsequent rushes of the 1890s. Many of these settlers were Finns, Norwegians, and Swedes. These groups would introduce Lutheranism to the area and firmly establishing it as the dominant religion of New Russia. The final wave took place during the 1920s with the arrival of White Émigrés fleeing the Russian Civil War.