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The United States of New Orange, or just New Orange, is a sovereign state located in North America. New Orange is a federation composed of nine states and one federal district. The nation is bordered by Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and Louisiana to the west.
Before it was colonized, the area now composing New Orange was home to many powerful Native American groups, such as the Lenape, Iriqouis Confederacy, and Susquehannock.
Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to sight the region in 1524. It has also been speculated Cape Verrazzano was the "Promontory of Vinland" described in Nordic records.
In 1570, Spanish Jesuit missionaries attempted to found the Ajacán Mission in present-day southern Potomac. In February 1571, all of the party were massacred by local Native Americans except a youth, Alonso de Olmos. The following year, a Spanish party from Florida went to the area for revenge; they reclaimed Alonso and in the course of their confrontation, killed an estimated total of 20 Indians. However, the area was abandoned after the massacre, and wouldn't be settled again until the arrival of the Dutch decades later.
New Sweden and early New Netherland
More information: New Sweden
New Sweden was settled in present-day Susquehanna and southern New Jersey. Its capital was situated at Fort Christina, in today's Altena, Susquehanna. The Swedes continued to expand their settlements, founding Fort Nya Elfsborg at present-day Alloway Creek, New Jersey.
The Dutch mainly settled North America for the fur trade, a reason similar to the French. In 1614, the first Fort Nassau was built near the site of present-day Beverwick. In 1617, a nearby fort was constructed at the confluence of the North and Mohawk Rivers, where the heart of Beverwick now stands. New Amsterdam was first established in 1624. The second Fort Nassau, where the present-day city lies, was constructed in 1627.
Tensions between New Sweden and New Netherland were common. In 1651, the second Fort Nassau was relocated and renamed Fort Casimir to challenge the Swedish rule in the area. In 1655, the Swedish Fort Christina surrendered, ending Swedish colonial rule in North America. As New Sweden was annexed into New Netherland, Fort Christina was renamed Fort Altena, which would eventually develop into the city of Altena.
Main article: New Netherland
New Netherland began to farm cash crops in warm climates, namely in present-day Roanoke, Appomattox, and Potomac. The beaver trade was an important industry further north in Beverwick, Susquehanna, and Blocklanstreek. Blocklanstreek was also a main source of whaling. The Dutch and New Netherlanders continued to establish new settlements.
Vermont War (1750-1753)
Main article: Vermont WarThe Vermont War originally started as a dispute over the territory of Vermont. In early 1750, the Dutch annexed Vermont, which was originally claimed as part of New France. The French declared war later that year. However, the Dutch made swift progress to capture French land. By mid-1751, they had captured Acadia, which came to a shock to many French. Present-day Ohio was captured early on with the fall of Sandoske, and Detroit fell soon after as the Dutch conquered New Canada. The French and Dutch finally made peace with the Treaty of Rotterdam in 1753, following the surrender of Montreal. This treaty gave New Netherland Ohio, New Canada, and all land south of the St. Lawrence River, including Acadia.
New Orangite Revolution (1763-1776)
Heavy in debt from the Vermont War, the Dutch soon began to impose many new taxes on the colonists in New Netherland. The Dutch colonists were enraged by these new taxes, not to mention sentiments held by French colonists living in conquered regions. Ten years after the end of the Vermont War, New Netherland finally declared its independence on February 25, 1763. The Declaration of Independence stated the new nation as the United States of New Orange, with the ideas in the Declaration highly influenced by Enlightenment thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
The French largely supported and assisted the New Orangite revolutionaries in the war. It was with French assistance the revolutionaries managed to defeat the more powerful Dutch.
The war finally ended on November 6, 1776, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The treaty forced the Dutch to recognize the United States of New Orange as independent. John Jay was elected the first president of New Orange.
Government and Politics
New Orange is a federation composed of twenty-two states and one federal district.
- Beverwick (Beverwick City)
- Lange Eylant (Breuckelen)
- Vermont (Sint-Frederik)
- New Jersey (Pavonia)
- Genesee (Sint-Marie)
- Niagara (Niagara City)
- Susquehanna (Altena)
- Allegheny (Doekijn)
- Montreal (Montreal City)
- New Canada (Detroit)
- East Acadia (Port-Royal)
- West Acadia (Castyn)
- Ohio (Sandoske)
- National Bird - American goldfinch
- National Mammal - Beaver
- National anthem - Hail New Orange
- State fruit - Orange
- National Motto - Hoc pulchra terra (Our beautiful land)