The New Netherlander Colonial Empire, also known as the New Netherlander Empire, and the Empire State; is a term used to describe the Union of New Netherland and the territorial claims held in Africa, Antarctica, the Caribbean, South America, and the Pacific. New Netherland also hold a protectorate over Tonga, and retains a military presence along the jointly operated Nicaragua Canal Zone.
The move toward imperial ambitions began in the 1860s with the purchase of the Virgin Islands from Denmark and the move toward further control of the Galapagos Islands in 1866. New Netherland would soon purchase the Dutch and Swedish territories in the Caribbean by 1880. Under the administration of Hamilton Fish, New Netherland would expand into Africa and the Pacific. Under the administration of Theodore Roosevelt, they would begin further moves toward an empire with the construction of the Nicaragua Canal.
The Kingdom of Tonga is the only protectorate of New Netherland, as well as being the only monarchy to gain legitimacy within a republic. While a part of the empire, Tonga retains some independence from New Netherland, with Albany primarily playing the role as a protector of Tonga's affairs.
- Curazao (now the states of Curazao and Statia)