New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland) was a collection of 17th-century colonial provinces of the Seven United Netherlands that was located on the East Coast of North America. Its territory is composed of the entirety of the present-day United States of New Orange, spanning from the Wabash River to Isle Royale.
The colony was conceived as a private business venture to exploit the North American fur trade. During its first decades, New Netherland was settled rather slowly, partially as a result of policy mismanagement by the Dutch West India Company (WIC) and partially as a result of conflicts with Native Americans. The settlement of New Sweden encroached on its southern flank, while its northern and western borders were re-drawn after the Vermont War. The colony was disestablished following the independence of New Orange in 1776.