The Mongol Empire was one of the biggest empires in history. At its peak, the empire stretched from Romania to Korea. This empire also conquered all of this land in a revealingly short amount of time, starting in 1206 and ending in 1294 when the empire broke apart into four kingdoms, the Yuan Dynasty, Golden Horde, Chagatai Khanate and Ilkhanate. All of these kingdoms would also later collapse by 1687. The Mongol Empire would be reduced to the small central Asian country of Mongolia and would later on be adsorbed into the Qing Dynasty, even though Mongolia gained its independence after the Qing dynasty fell in 1911. Afterwards, Mongolia became and continues to be a republic today. But what if the Mongol Empire was revived after the Qing dynasty fell?
Mongol Revival and conquest of China
The point of divergence happens in 1911 when Mongolia declares its independence from the collapsing Qing dynasty. While there is still a large Buddhist majority in the Mongolia of this timeline, there's also a small minority of non-Buddhist people who wanted to revive the Mongol Empire, named the new Mongols, lead by Sergeltiin Khün, who changed his name to Sergeltiin Khan. After gaining independence in 1911, the new Mongols came to power in Mongolia and established the New Mongol Empire with Sergeltiin declaring himself as the great Khan. Then, the New Mongol Empire began to invade its neighbor, China, and successfully conquered the weakened Asian country by 1913.
World War 1
After conquering China, the Mongols then turned their attention to invading other former Mongol lands, such as southern Russia and Korea, along with other parts of Asia the original Mongol Empire never conquered, such as India and Japan. When World War 1 began, the New Mongol Empire decided to join the Central Powers in order to conquer these lands. The war was a major success for the New Mongol Empire as the allies were forced to make peace with the empire after the Mongols conquered British India, Iran and the Japanese Empire by January 1917. The Mongols were able to conquer British India since the Himalayas were no longer a problem for the Mongols thanks to the help of aircraft. Peace was made between the allies and New Mongol Empire in March 17, 1917.
With this victory, the New Mongol Empire gained British India, the Japanese Empire, Southern Russia, Ukraine, British Myanmar, Afghanistan, Thailand, French Indo-China, Iran, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Afterwards, the New Mongol Empire dropped out of the war while the other Central Powers continued to fight. The U.S. would later enter the war, causing the Central Powers to be defeated while the New Mongol Empire survived. The New Mongol Empire became the only Central Power to win World World 1.
1920's and 1930's
The 1920's saw enormous economic growth for the New Mongol Empire, thanks to the vast amount of resources that came from the new territories it gained during WW1. However, the empire was hit hard by the Great Depression. On June 2nd, 1932, Sergeltiin Khan died of a heart attack, leaving his son, Sergeekh Khan to become the great Khan.
When Adolf Hitler became the leader of Nazi Germany in 1933, he thought the New Mongol Empire betrayed Germany at the end of WW1 by dropping out of the war before the U.S. entered it and that if the New Mongol Empire had stayed in the war, all of the Central Powers would have won. There were also major ideological differences between the two. While the New Mongol Empire had religious freedom, the Nazis believed in racial supremacy over other races such as Jews and Muslims.
World War 2
When World War 2 broke out in 1939 the Nazi Germany and the New Mongol Empire signed a non-aggression pact. While the Nazis invaded northern and western Poland, the Mongols invaded southeastern Poland. During 1940, the New Mongol empire invaded both Turkey and Iraq, annexing them into the empire.
During the summer of that same year, Both Nazi Germany and the New Mongol Empire invaded the Soviet Union. The Mongols reached Moscow first and Joseph Stalin committed suicide only minutes before Mongol soldiers reached his bunker. While the New Mongol Empire gained the majority of the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany only gained the Baltics, Belarus, the Kola Peninsula and other small parts of Russia. Angered by this, Hitler began planning operation Barbarossa on September 3rd, 1940, in order too invade the New Mongol Empire and planned the operation to be carried out on June 1941.
Saudi Arabia was worried about a possible Mongol invasion due the 1939 Nazi-Mongol Pact and Mongol invasion of Iraq. So despite Hitler's beliefs in racial superiority, he let Saudi Arabia join the axis powers on October 11th,1940, and the middle eastern country invade the British and French territories in the middle east. Spain also joined the axis powers on November 20th, 1940, and invaded Portugal and Andorra.
On June 22nd, 1941, Operation Barbarossa began with Nazi Germany invading what is now Ukraine, Western Russia and central Asia, while Saudi Arabia invaded Mongol Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Persia. The first few months of the campaign were enormously successful for the Arabians and Nazis. The Axis powers were also supplying aid to the Japanese, who were fighting for independence from the New Mongol empire.
So far during the war, there were massive tensions building between the U.S. and the Axis powers due to the U.S. supplying aid to the allies. On December 7th, 1941, Nazi Germany decided that the U.S. was a major threat to the Axis powers and decided to launch a surprise attack on Cape Cod in an attempt to knock the U.S. Atlantic fleet out of the war. U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt calls this the Day of Infamy and the United States declares war on the Axis Powers.
Throughout 1942, the Mongols began pushing the Axis forces back and by 1943, Spain and Italy had surrendered, the Japanese uprising was crushed and the Mongols had liberated the captured lands of the middle east and western Asia. Saudi Arabia surrendered in 1944. The Mongols began to invade eastern Europe and as they liberated the eastern European countries of Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, the New Mongol Empire annexed these countries. The mongols were the first to reach Berlin in 1945. However, Hitler escaped Berlin before it fell to the Mongols and the Nazis refused to surrender.
By this time, the U.S. finished project Manhattan and dropped two atomic bombs on Hamburg and Brussels. Days later, Hitler committed suicide, Nazis surrendered and World War 2 was over. The United States of America and New Mongol Empire emerged as superpowers. Differing ideals between the two superpowers would set the stage for the Cold War.
When World War 2 ended, there were massive ideological differences between the U.S., its allies and the New Mongol Empire. While the U.S. and its allies were democratic republic, the New Mongol Empire was an absolute monarchist empire that ruled and expanded by brute force. Differing ideals between these two sides became the main cause of the Cold War. With the Truman Doctrine being an American foreign policy to stop Mongol imperialism during the Cold War.
Germany, Yugoslavia and Austria were divided into east and west in 1949 due to ideological differences as a result of occupation by both the west and the New Mongol Empire. The German-Slavic-Austrian wall was built in 1959 by the New Mongol Empire in order to keep the Eastern Austrians, Slavs and Germans from fleeing to the west.
The western allies, fearful of a Mongol invasion of western Europe after the completion of their own nuclear bomb program and first successful atomic bomb test in 1949, decided to form the military alliance, NATO, that same year. The New Mongol Empire responded to this by creating the Ulaanbaatar Pact in 1956.
NATO contained these members when it was founded in 1949:
- Great Britain
- West Germany
- West Austria
- West Yugoslavia
The Ulaanbaatar Pact contain these members when it was founded in 1956:
- New Mongol Empire
- East Germany
- East Austria
- East Yugoslavia
- Indonesian Empire
Massive decolonization occurred after the Second World War. When the Dutch colony of Indonesia gained its independence in 1949, the Indonesians hoped to created a massive island that would span across the southeast Asian islands. The Indonesian war broke out in 1950 with Indonesia fighting against NATO, the UN, the Philippines and the other European colonies of southeast Asia with aid from the New Mongol Empire. After the election of U.S. president, Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 and the death of Sergeekh Khan in 1955, the Treaty of Jakarta was signed, ending the war and giving the Indonesian empire complete control over Borneo and Timor but they failed to take Papua New Guinea and the Philippines.
Along with Southern and Southeast Asia, Africa was also decolonized. However one African country that was independent even before the war was the Kingdom of Egypt. When the Revolution of 1952 happened, Egypt sprung into a terrible civil war between the normal constitutional monarchist government and the imperialist rebels who were loyal to the New Mongol Empire. The civil war ended in 1958 with the imperialists overthrowing the normal government. The new Egypt empire then begin to expand rapidly with force, beginning the Egyptian War with Egypt invading Sudan and Libya in 1959. However the Sudan and Libyan armies at first were able to hold off the Egyptians at first, thanks to aid from NATO, which kept the U.S. from directly getting involved in the war. Unfortunately, the Egyptians began to gain lots of ground and invaded Chad, Israel, Cyprus and Lebanon in 1964 thanks to aid supplied by the New Mongol Empire, now lead by Aguu ikh Khan. This action made by the New Mongol Empire convinced U.S. president Lyndon B. Johnson to send American troops into Egypt in 1965. By the early 1970's though, there were massive protests by American citizens against the war and this forced the U.S. to withdraw their troops from Egypt by 1972. The Egyptian war ended in 1974, when the New Egyptian Empire captured Jerusalem. The U.S. loss against Egypt in the war was a true embarrassment for the United States.
More coming soon!