The term New Confederacy refers to the political ideology and domestic policies of Confederate President J. Edgar Hoover. The tenets of Hoover's New Confederacy and their ever-lasting effects continue to be discussed by both U.S. and Confederate historians.
It is generally agreed by historians that Hoover's political thought began to take shape in the 1940s. Hoover was disgusted by the Confederate population's moral support for the Axis Powers, particularly Nazi Germany, and personally declared that the Nazis were "enemies of the Confederate culture." Although his presidency would later oppose the Confederate Reformers, led by Martin Luther King Jr., Hoover believed that the Confederate society's treatment of non-whites was no longer acceptable. Hoover was also disgusted by the rise of the United States as a world power. Hoover and his allies feared that a powerful United States would gradually dwarf and politically absorb the Confederate States. Hoover cited the U.S. annexation of northern Virginia when his fears were challenged.
Hoover believed that the only way for the Confederate States to survive the Cold War era was to establish friendly international relations and perform gradual reforms on the domestic front. Otherwise, Hoover publicly stated, the Confederate States would find itself both economically-weak and globally-condemned. This combination, he believed, would result in the economic and political collapse of the Confederate nation and the inevitable "Yankee invasion."
The Basic Tenets
The basic tenets of the New Confederacy began to take shape in the early days of Hoover's presidency. Continuing the momentum of his Atlanta Address, the previous year, Hoover called for "international trade and domestic reform." He publicly condemned the actions of Martin Luther King Jr. and the other Confederate Reformers for "instigating public discontent with no clear purpose." However, that did not mean he opposed universal civil rights.
Hoover's New Confederacy called for:
- An amendment to the Confederate Constitution that clarified that the states were subordinate to the Confederate Government.
- An amendment to the Confederate Constitution that abolished secession.
- An amendment to the Confederate Constitution that limited Supreme Court Judges to two five-year terms.
- An amendment to the Confederate Constitution that called for the election of the Supreme Court Judges.
- An amendment to the Confederate Constitution that guaranteed civil rights to non-whites.
- Increased funding for public schools.
- Non-whites having the right to vote.
- The reorganization of the Confederate Bureau of Investigation into the National Security Police Force.
- Greater government-sponsored censorship that filtered all media, in order to ensure only "clean" entertainment was available in the Confederate States.
- The prohibition of premarital sex.
- The prohibition of homosexuality.
- The implementation of a national curfew.
- The implementation of a domestic passport system, which would not restrict free travel.
- The prohibition of work on Sundays.
- A government-sponsored campaign that promoted consistent church attendance.
- A portion of the tax revenue being donated to church-sponsored charities.
- The reduction of tariffs, in order to promote international trade.
- National Security Police Force-sponsored attacks on "domestic terrorists" including the Ku Klux Klan and civil rights leaders.
- A more modest relationship with both the United States and the Soviet Union.
- Membership in the United Nations.
- Changing the Confederate flag to a new flag that represented "a society focused morality and religion." Each star, fifty in total, representing the fifty "recognized" Christian denominations that reside in the Confederate States.
- The Confederate capital being moved from Richmond, Virginia, to Atlanta, Georgia.
Hoover gains support in the New Southern Democratic Congress
New Southern Democrats, which was founded on the belief that the Confederacy needed to adapt in order to survive, took majority control over both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Hoover, who had gained political momentum after his Atlanta Address, won the 1962 Confederate Presidential Election in thanks to an enormous young voting base. With his political allies in control of both houses of the Confederate Congress, Hoover received the support that he needed to implement his policies.
Five new Constitutional amendments were adopted. The 5th Amendment abolished secession and was ratified in 1962. The 6th Amendment repealed the 2nd Amendment and clarified that the states were subordinate to the Confederate Government. It was ratified in 1962, as well. The 7th Amendment guaranteed citizenship and civil rights to all citizens, regardless of race and sex. It, too, was ratified in 1962. The 8th Amendment declared that the members of the Confederate Supreme Court would now be elected by the population and was ratified in 1964. The 9th Amendment then declared that the members of the Confederate Supreme Court were now limited to two five-year terms and was ratified in 1967.
Reform in the States
New Southern Democrats also took control of all Southern state governorships and state legislatures, leading to the election of moderate whites and African-Americans to state and national offices, as well as to the installation of loyal conservatives into other positions of power. Hoover used this to his advantage in order to implement his other policies, such as the prohibition of premarital sex and the mandate for increased funding for educational institutions at both the state and the national level.
Suppression of White Supremacy Groups
Once Hoover came into power, he immediately began attacking white supremacy groups, notably the Ku Klux Klan, because of the tremendous stigma that was being placed on the Confederate States. Many New Southern Democrats began to speak up against the Klan. The newly-formed National Security Police Force began publishing Klan membership lists in 1963, which caused a rapid decline in the group's membership. The passage and implementation of the Confederate Culture Reform Act of 1964 allowed the NSPF to arrest suspected Klan members without a warrant or any evidence of criminal activity.
Hoover publicly declared to the nation in a 1965 TV address on CNN,"I have just been informed that the Congress has passed new mandates that will aide the continuing struggle for the extermination of the Klan organization. My fellow citizens, we must arrest and/or kill all Klan members. It is these men that tarnish the image of the Confederate nation. It is these men that shall continue to be enemies of the states, until every last one of their lifeless bodies are buried in the ground." By 1974, in thanks to constant government-sponsored oppression, the Ku Klux Klan had completely diminished.