|State of New Cambridgeshire|
|Motto(s): Pax Nos Defendit (Latin)|
Peace Protects Us
(and largest city)
|– Total||189,624 km2|
|– Total||6.72 million|
|Admission to Federation||14 October 1823 (7th)|
|Prime Minister||Francis Hanna (NUP)|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Skyler Zhang (NUP)|
|– Upper house||State Council|
|– Lower house||State Assembly|
|Senators||Marise Payne (NUP)|
David Leyonhjelm (NUP)
Concetta Fierravanti-Wells (NUP)
Arthur Sinodinos (NUP)
|Time zone||Western Standard Time (UTC +8)|
New Cambridgeshire is a state in Southwestern Cygnia. It is bordered by Peel to the south, Auralia to the east, and Gascoyne to the north, and the Indian Ocean to the west. New Cambridgeshire is the 8th smallest by land area and 8th most populous of the 18 Cygnian states.
New Cambridgeshire was established when the citizens of the city of Geraldton and its surrounds voted to form a new state. The territory seceded from Peel on 8 October 1823, and was admitted into the Federation as a state one week later on the 14th. During the short time it was not a state, New Cambridgeshire was known as the Territory of New Cambridgeshire. After rushed elections to the newly formed State Diet, the first New Cambridgeshire government ratified the Constitution on 12 October, and New Cambridge's request to join the Federation was approved by the Imperial Congress on the 13th.
Geraldton is the state capital and its largest city. Its licence plates carry the state motto, "Pax Nos Defendit" (Peace Protects Us).
The region that later made up the area of the state was named after the English county of Cambridgeshire by Captain Charles Fremantle.
The Wadjuk people inhabited the area before European settlement. Dutch explorers visited New Cambridgeshire in 1606, and subsequently the colony of New Holland was founded further south; the claim also encompassed all of what would later be New Cambridgeshire, though no major settlements were established in the area. The first permanent settlement was created many decades later, in 1687, when the settlement of Geraldton was proclaimed as an extension of the Colony of Peel, and New Cambridgeshire became one of the three regions of Peel, the other two being the Swanstone Region and Darling Region.
By 1820 the inhabitants of Geraldton and its surrounding areas had begun to identify themselves more as people of the New Cambridgeshire region, rather than of the Peelian state. Geraldton had developed into a thriving hub of commerce and activity, and many New Cambridgites sought independence from a state government they saw as being too far south to manage their affairs. Calls for a referendum on secession were answered in 1823 when the Peelian Senate in Fremantle granted them a secession referendum. The vote was held on 6 October, which is today celebrated in New Cambridgeshire as New Cambridgeshire Day.
The people of New Cambridgeshire overwhelmingly voted for their own state, and the Peelian state government granted them independence from Peel. New Cambridge thus became the Territory of New Cambridge. The Imperial government in Swanstone officially recognised the new Territory on 8 March at the request of the Peelian Senate, and thereafter elections were swiftly held to create New Cambridgeshire's first government. Walter Keeling was appointed as head of the newly formed New Cambridge branch of the Unitarian Party, and the Unitarians gained a majority in both houses of New Cambridgeshire's new legislature, the State Diet.
On 12 October, the Diet voted to ratify the Imperial Constitution, and sent a request to join the Federation. Congress approved this request, and on the 13th New Cambridgeshire was officially admitted to the Federation. New Cambridgeshire is the 7th state to enter the Federation, and the first to ratify the Constitution after the original six states in 1784.