The Republic of the United Netherlands is a country in Northwest Europe, situated on the coast of the North Sea along the Rhine River. Bordered to the East by the Holy Roman Empire and to the west of France. Dutch culture was born in the High Middle ages, in maritime city states influence both by French and German language speakers. The Netherlands formed an identity during the reformation as Spanish overlords attempted to enforce their Catholicism on the country triggering a century long war to free the country from foreign influence. The peak of Dutch power came in the 17th and 18th century as a global maritime trading power dotting the globe with trade posts, most notably annexing Indonesia. As a nation of merchants has historically mounted from large empires on all sides- Great Britain, France, and the European Union, Netherlands used its global holdings and its status as a global bank, and its geographical defenses to preserve sovereignty The Netherlands briefly experienced a republican government-without a monarchy which remains famous to history as an uncommon experiment before establishing the modern constitutional monarchy that exists today. Through the changes and wars of the 20th century Netherlands remains a financial and naval superpower. The Dutch Colonial Empire produces tea and spices while the mother country chief's export are designer drinks, clothes and automobiles. Today the Netherlands officially holds up the Calvinist faith which has remained strong due to strong ties between the church and the nation's identity. The Republic of the United Netherlands enters the 21st century as a member of the Great Eight within the Global Security Conference.
Fifth Anglo-Dutch War
In 1806, Patriot Herman Willem Daendels, took, with the support of the Estate General, the office of Stadtholder, after the death of Stadtholder William V of Orange-Nassau and the end of the Fifth Anglo-Dutch War. The remaining members of the House of Orange-Nassau fled to their lands in the Holy Roman Empire. Daendels then proclaimed the formation of the Batavian Republic.
See main article: Netherlands War
Sixth Anglo-Dutch War & the Sino-Dutch War
See main article: Republic Wars
The House of Orange-Nausau, which held the Stadtholder position de facto as hereditary, aranged a coup, and, with support of Prussian forces, took back the office in 1825, following the arrest of Hendrik Jan Beel. Sick of the Estate General changing the position back to an hereditary authoritarian Monarchy, in 1838, after the end of the European revolutions that occurred that year, the office was changed into a Constutional Monarchy.
Government and Politics
Netherlands | Indonesia
Dutch Gold Coast | Dutch Guinea | Netherlands Antilles