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Republic of the Netherlands
Republiek der Nederland
Timeline: The British Ain't Coming

OTL equivalent: Kingdom of the Netherlands, Belgium (excluding German community), Luxembourg, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Gibraltar, the British Virgin Islands, and Barbados
Flag of the Netherlands Coat of arms of the republic of the united Netherlands (after 1665)
Netherlands TBAC
Location of the Netherlands in Europe.

Concordia res parvae crescunt (Latin)
("Literally: Small things grow by concord, used as a translation for the Dutch "Eendracht maakt kracht", Unity makes strength")

Anthem "Wilhelmus"
(and largest city)
Other cities The Hague, Utrecht, Luxembourg City, Antwerp, Rotterdam, Brussels, Calais
  others French, Frisian, German
Ethnic Group White (non-Hispanic)
Demonym Dutch
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
  legislature States General
Stadtholder Willem-Alexander
  Royal house: Orange-Nassau
Prime Minister Mark Rutte
Area 33,986 square mi
Population 33.40 million 
Currency Dutch guilder (ƒ) (NLG)
Time Zone (UTC)
Internet TLD .nl
Organizations NATO, Holy Roman Empire

The Republic of the Netherlands, or just the Netherlands, is a sovereign state located in western Europe. The Netherlands is a federation of ten constituent countries, bordered by Prussia to the east and France to the south.

"Netherlands" literally means "lower countries", influenced by its low land and flat geography. It is a very densely populated country, home to about 33.19 million and covering about 33,986 square miles. From the mid-1500s on, the Low Countries or the "Netherlands" was, other than Flanders, probably the most commonly used name. The Low Countries today is a designation that includes the constituent countries of the Netherlands, Flanders, Belgium, and Luxembourg. It is synonymous with the term "Mainland Netherlands."

Ever since the colonial era, the Dutch created arguably the most powerful colonial empire, establishing colonies in Indonesia, South Africa, the Caribbean, and North America. Today, they have a strong economy, high standard of living, and are a prominent regional power.



After the end of the Ice Age, various Paleolithic groups inhabited the area, and around 8000 BC Mesolithic tribes resided in Friesland and Drenthe, where the oldest canoe in the world was recovered. Copper finds show that there was trade with other areas in Europe, as natural copper is not found in Dutch soil. The Bronze Age probably started somewhere around 2000 BC and lasted until around 800 BC. The many finds in Drenthe of rare and valuable objects, suggest that it was a trading center during the Bronze Age.

The Iron Age brought a measure of prosperity. Iron ore was available throughout the country, including bog iron extracted from the ore in peat bogs in the north, the natural iron-bearing balls found in the Veluwe and the red iron ore near the rivers in Brabant. Some evidence even suggests the making of Damascus steel swords using an advanced method of forging that combined the flexibility of iron with the strength of steel.

Romans and Germanic tribes

For around 450 years, from around 55 BC to around 410 AD, the Southern Netherlands were integrated into the Roman Empire. During the Gallic Wars, the area south of the Oude Rijn and west of the Rhine was conquered by Roman forces under Julius Caesar from 57 BC to 53 BC. The leaders of the Belgic alliance which Caesar confronted were in modern France: the Suessiones, Viromandui and Ambiani and perhaps some of their neighbours, in an area that Caesar appears to distinguish as the true "Belgium" of classical times.

The Rhine became fixed as Rome's northern frontier around 12 AD. Notable towns would arise along the Limes Germanicus, such as Nijmegen and Voorburg. The Netherlands was mainly part of two provinces: Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior, separated by the Limes. During these times, the main Germanic tribe in the non-Roman Netherlands was the Frisii, the presumed ancestors of Frisians.

During the Migration Period, Germanic tribes traveled through and settled in the region of the Mainland Netherlands. A major presence in the Netherlands following the fall of the Roman Empire, the Franks would go on to create an empire in Francia. The Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and Jutes would all pass by or settle in the area; however, most of them ended up in Anglia.

Government & Politics

Administrative divisions

The Republic of the Netherlands is a federation comprised of ten constituent countries. The main constituent country in the Netherlands is the country of the same name.

Country Population Capital Prime Minister
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 16,893,537 Amsterdam Mark Rutte
Flag of Belgium (1830) Belgium 7,279,503 Namur Charles Michel
Flag of Flanders Flanders 7,738,539 Brussels Geert Bourgeois
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 856,576 Luxembourg City Xavier Bettel
Flag of Aruba Aruba 103,400 Oranjestad Mike Eman
Flag of Curaçao Curaçao 158,986 Willemstad Ben de Witte
Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten 33,609 Philipsburg William Marlin
Netherlands antilles Virgin Islands 28,054 Wegstad Orlando Smith
Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar 32,194 Gibraltar Fabian Picardo
Flag of Barbados Barbadoes 277,821 Sint Michel Freundel Stuart

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