Since the office of the Viceroy was created and proclaimed by Queen Catherine, and since the existence of the BBC and ultimate settling of New Bavaria was supported largely by the Bavarian Crown, the colony is very closely tied with the Kingdom of Bavaria. This is in contrast to colonies or settlements founded by joint stock companies, with little connection to a monarchy or government leader. These colonies operate mainly for economic reasons, while New Bavaria was founded for both an expansion of Bavarian presence in Borealia and economic gain.
As of 1580, the colony remains small, and holds only two centralized settlements. The largest settlement and port, as well as colonial seat, is Katharinas-Hafen, with a population of roughly 500. Katharinas-Hafen is situated on the western coast of Wilhelmsbaum, a large island in northwestern Borealia. The second settlement is Franznacken, on the coast of mainland Borealia, south of Katharinas-Hafen.
Apart from the two settlements, the colony is composed of informal, mini-regions that flank Katharinas-Hafen. These mini-regions are Wilhelmsbaum, Franznacken, Jülichsberg, and Wittelsberg.