|Anthem: Das Lied der Deutchen
Germany in 1945
|Government||Nazi single-party totalitarian fascist state|
|-||President (Führer)||Adolf Hitler|
|-||Declaration||30 January 1933|
|-||Abolished||24 August 1989|
Nazi Germany, also called Third Reich, was a totalitarian/fascist, single-party state created by Adolf Hitler and the Socialist German Workers' Party in 1933, which caused World War II to break out by invading Poland in 1939.
After Hitler was appointed the Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg in 1933, the Nazi Party began to eliminate all political enemies. Hindenburg died in August 1934, allowing Hitler to become the supreme dictator of Germany due to the merging of the Presidency and the Chancellery. A national referendum was held later that month confirming that Hitler was the leader of Germany. Hitler's word became the law, with him being able to override/create laws. The government turned into a group of factions coordinating for Hitler's favor rather than a single political body. In the midst of the Great Depression, the Nazis were able to restore the economy, and construct large highways.
Racism, especially antisemitism, became the central policies of the new Germany. Hitler viewed German people to be the descendants of the Aryan race, the "master race". Anyone who was not Aryan was discriminated against, especially Jews. Anyone who disagreed with him or his government was killed, imprisoned, or exiled, such as communists and liberals. Nazi Germany became very militarized, and came to the international stage in 1936, during the Olympics in Germany. The state controlled all aspects of life.
In September 1939, World War II began when Germany invaded Poland. They quickly invaded France as well, and in 1941, began Operation Barbarossa - a plan to invade the Soviet Union. It went well, culminating with the Battle of Moscow. However, the Soviet Union continued to exist, and was led from the city of Ufa, in southern Russia. Nazi Germany defeated it in 1943, and the war officially ended in 1944.
After Germany's defeat in World War II, radical political parties grew substantially throughout the country. Marxist organizations such as the Society for Working Germans fought the fascist National Socialist German Worker's Party for political control of Germany. After the failed socialist revolution of 1918-19, right wing organizations grew in strength and reacted violently to the perceived threat of Marxist takeover. The National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi Party, was one such organization. Founded in 1919 by ex-soldiers Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring its primary goals were the overthrow of the current Weimar government, the rearmament of Germany, and the German society into a ethnically homogeneous state. With the German economy in tatters, jobs scarce and inflation high, Nazi party members grew substantially.