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|Kingdom of Navarre|
Nafarroako ErresumaTimeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
Reino de Navarra
OTL equivalent: Basque Country
1738 - Present
|Other cities||Vitoria-Gastiez, Donostia-San Sebastián, Burgos, Santander, Huesca, Soria|
|Regional Languages||Spanish, Navarro-Aragonese, Gascon|
|Ethnic groups||Basque, Castilian|
|Demonym||Navarerese · Basque|
|-||King||Erramun I de Evreux|
|-||Treaty of Toledo||1749|
|Patron saint||Saint Fermín|
The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma, Spanish: Reino de Navarra), commonly referred to as Navarre, is a newly-independent nation located in the north-eastern corner of the Iberian peninsula. The Kingdom has a rich history and is seen to be the home of the Basque people. Therefore, it can also be known as Euskadi in Basque.
The nation won its independence as a direct result of the War of the Grand Coalition (1737-1749) and the Basque Revolt (1738-1749). Its independent status was recognized globally in the Treaty of Toledo.
1521 - Crown merged into Spain
The Basque Revolt, a sub-war of the greater War of the Grand Coalition, was a major turning point in the history of Navarre in that is separated Navarrese history from that of Hispania. The revolt began with a declaration of independence coming from Erramun de Evreux, claimant to the throne of Navarre, in 1738. Following the declaration, popular revolts swept through Pamplona, Bilbao, and Vitoria-Gastiez. The Basque army, loyal to Erramun's marshall, Xabi Abaroa, would go on to fight the next few years against the Hispanian army under Alonso Vázquez.
Abaroa's strategy for defeating Hispania involved taking the offensive initiative; he would take the primarily Castillian city of Burgos in 1740 and the primarily Aragonese city of Huesca the following year. While the Kingdom had secured control over most of what would make up its borders by 1741, the war wouldn't end until the signing of the Treaty of Toledo in 1749.
In that time period, Navarre would institute its own form of government, mint its own currency, establish diplomatic relations with much of Europe, consolidate naval control over the Bay of Biscay and Cantabrian Sea, and improve local infrastructure after the war wrecked havoc in much of the nation.
1748 saw a return to conflict, however, as the desperate Hispanian army attempted to sneak through the Navarrese countryside. What followed was a complete and utter rout of the Hispanian army, and the expansion of Navarrese borders to incorporate Santander. By that point, Madrid was under attack and the Treaty of Toledo was forthcoming, ending the Basque Revolt and the War of the Great Coalition.
War hero Abaroa becomes Lehendakari
Rivalry with Extebarria
|Erramun I de Evreux|
|Katarin of Montfort|
|Wife 1||Erramun's son|
The Parliament of Navarre, known in the native tongue as the Nafarroako Parlamentua, ...
Different regions of Navarre have slightly different cultures
Initially sought recognition at independence.
"An important irrigation system lies just northwest of the northern Meseta and south of the Pyrenees in the Ebro Basin, where Spain's best known vineyard district is located in the autonomous community of La Rioja. Because of its irrigation, corn, sugar beets, and orchard fruits were grown in this area, and the Ebro Delta was one of Spain's principal rice-growing regions." ~Wikipedia
Industrialization capital of the world! Or so we like to pretend...
The 1750 census, the first conducted in the nation's history and only one year after the end of the harsh War of the Grand Coalition, reported a total of 2,010,600 residents of the Kingdom of Navarre. This first census also included details about "main tongue" and "home district."
- Pamplona (capital)
- Bilbao (largest city)
- Donostia-San Sebatián
Basque, but also Aragonese and Catilian
Art and Architecture
Peio Jaso, a veteran of the Basque Revolt, was to become a famous artist.
La Scala-based opera house
Opera/Baroque music becomes big