The Native-Imperial War were a series of raids, campaigns, ambushes, skirmishes, and several full-scale frontier battles which were a endgame of the Cherokee (Ani-Yunwiya, Ani-Kituwa, Tsalagi, Talligewi) struggle during and after previous conflicts against encroachment by English frontiersmen from the former French colonies. Until the end of the Cherokee revolution, the Cherokee fought in part as French allies. After 1786, they also fought along with and as members of the Spanish Empire, organized by the Shawnee chief Hanging Maw, in an effort to repulse European-American settlers from the area west of the Eastern Mountains. This War finally ended Cherokee and Apache rebellions against colonists and the Cherokees were finally assimilated as English citizens. This was the only war under the command of English Commander George Washington.