Alternate History

Nations (Rule, Britannia!)

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This list contains all the sovereign states in the world. States whose existence are disputed or recognized by only a handful of International League members are not included. Dependencies and other countries of a similar fashion are also excluded.


Nations of Europa
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Northern Europa
Flag of Scotland Kingdom of Scotland Edinburgh Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Alexander VII Ewan McGregor Scotland
Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) United Empire of Britannia London Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Frederick III Benedict Cumberbatch England, Wales, Ireland, Normandy, Brittany
Prinsenvlag United Kingdom of the Netherlands Amsterdam Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Willem-Alexander Mark Rutte the Netherlands, Flanders
Flag of the Kingdom of Westphalia Kingdom of Westphalia Hanover Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Lucien III Jon Böhrnsen Rhineland-Westphalia
Flag of Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Copenhagen Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Margrethe II Lars Mikkelsen Denmark, Skåne, Blekinge, Halland, Småland
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) United Kingdom of Sweden and Norway Stockholm Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Carl XVI Gustaf Erna Solberg Sweden sans southern provinces, Norway
Central Europa
Flag of France Fourth French Republic Paris Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic François Hollande Manuel Valls Northern France and Aquitaine
Flag of Switzerland Helvetic Republic Zurich Federal multi-party directorial republic Federal Council Switzerland
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Kingdom of Prussia Berlin Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Georg Friedrich Angela Merkel Historic Kingdom of Prussia
Flag of the Free City of Danzig Free City of Danzig Danzig Free city Paweł Adamowicz Danzig
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Empire of Austria Vienna Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Karl II Heinz Fischer Austria and the Czech Republic
Flag of Hungary Republic of Hungary Budapest Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic János Áder Viktor Orbán Hungary
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Kingdom of Bavaria Munich Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Franz Horst Seehofer Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Alsace-Lorraine, Switzerland, Liechtenstein
Flag of Avignon (Caesar of Rome) Avignon Ecclesiastical sacerdotal absolute-elective monarchical theocracy Pope Paul VII Avignon
Southern Europa
Flag Portugal (1830) Kingdom of Portugal Lisbon Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Carlos II Pedro Passos Coelho Portugal and Galicia
Flag of Castile-La Mancha Kingdom of Castile Madrid Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Carlos V José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Central Spain
Flag of Catalonia Kingdom of Aragon Zaragoza Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Enrique II Artur Mas Aragon, Catalonia, Navarre, Valencia, the Balearic Isles, Tunisia, Naples, Sicily, Albania
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Kingdom of Savoy Lyon Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Victor Emmanuel IV Christian Estrosi Southern France, Savoy, Nice, Monaco
Flag of Italy (Rule, Britannia!) Empire of Italy Rome Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Louis II Napoleon Matteo Renzi Italy sans Naples and Sicily
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice Republic of Venice Venice Demarchic republic Giorgio Orsoni Venice, South Tyrol, Slovenia
State Flag of Serbia (1882-1918) Kingdom of Serbia Belgrade Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Alexander II Tomislav Nikolić Vojvodina, Northern Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935 Kingdom of Greece Athens Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Constantine II Antonis Samaras Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey, Cyprus
Flag of the Septinsular Republic Septinsular Republic Corfu Unitary presidential constitutional republic Ioannis Metaxas Ionian Islands
Flag of the Vatican City Vatican City Ecclesiastical sacerdotal absolute-elective monarchical theocracy Pope Francis I Vatican City
Eastern Europa
Flag of Russia Russian Empire Petrograd Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Michael III Mikhail Prokhorov Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, eastern Ukraine, southern Finland
Flag of Crimea, proposal 2 Republic of Crimea Sevastopol Unitary presidential constitutional republic Nataliya Popovych Crimean Peninsula
Flag of Ukraine Federation of the Ukraine Kiev Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic Petro Poroshenko Yulia Tymoshenko Western Ukraine
Flag of Poland Kingdom of Poland Warsaw Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Philip I Ewa Kopacz Poland and Lithuania
Flag of the United Principalities of Romania (1862 - 1866) Kingdom of Transylvania Bucharest Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Michael I Klaus Iohannis Transylvania


Nations of Asia
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Far East
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Empire of Japan Kyoto Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Akihito Shinzō Abe Japan sans Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands
Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) Republic of China Beijing Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic Xi Jinping Le Keqiang Eastern China
Flag of the Republic of China Federated States of South China Guangzhou Federal presidential constitutional republic Ma Ying-jeou Southern China and Taiwan
Flag of the Qing dynasty (1889-1912) Empire of Manchuria Harbin Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Puren Kim Jong un Manchuria, Korea, and Sakhalin
Flag of Korea (1919–1925) (Myomi Republic) Republic of Korea Seoul Unitary presidential constitutional republic Park Geun-hye Kim Jong-nam Korean Peninsula
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia Ulan Bator Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Chimediin Saikhanbileg Mongolia and Inner Mongolia
Flag of the Second East Turkestan Republic Uyghuristan Ürümqi Federal presidential constitutional republic Shohrat Zakir Xinjiang Region
Flag of Tibet People's Republic of Tibet Lhasa Socialist single-party state Chen Quanguo Losang Jamcan Tibet
Flag of the Khmer Republic People's Republic of Khmeristan Phnom Penh Socialist single-party state Trương Tấn Sang Hun Sen Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar/Burma
Southern Asia
Flag of Sri Lanka Vijayanagaran Republic Chennai Federal presidential constitutional republic Konijeti Rosaiah Maithripala Sirisena Southern India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives
Flag of Bangladesh Federation of Bengalistan Dhaka Confederal republic Abdul Hamid Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury Bangladesh, West Bengal
Flag of the Maratha Empire World Republic of Bharata Mumbai Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic Narendra Modi Uddhav Thackeray Central India
Flag of India (No Napoleon) Republic of Punjabistan Delhi Federal presidential constitutional republic Rahul Gandhi Pakistan and Western India
Flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army Islamic Republic of Balochistan Karachi Federal parliamentary constitutional republic Mamnoon Hussein Benazir Bhutto Balochistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1931–1973) Kingdom of Afghanistan Kabul Federal parliamentary constitutional republic Ahmad II Abdullah Abdullah Northern Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1974–1978) Democratic Republic of Pashtonistan Kandahar Federal presidential constitutional republic Ashraf Ghani Southern Afghanistan
Central Asia
Kazakh Khanate Turkestan Republic Astana Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic Nursultan Nazarbayev Islam Karimov Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Middle East and the Caucasus
800px-Flag of the Transcaucasian Federation svg United Caucasus Democratic Republic Sochi Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic Boris Nemtsov Ilham Aliyev Transcaucasian countries
Flag of Persia (1910-1925) United Republic of Persia Tehran Unitary presidential constitutional republic Mahmound Ahmedinejad Iran
Flag of Kurdistan Kurdistani Republic Mosul Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic Masoud Barzani Leyla Zana Kurdistan
Flag of Iraq (1959-1963) Republic of Iraq Baghdad Federal parliamentary constitutional republic Fuad Masum Haider al-Abadi Iraq
Flag of Hejaz 1926 Hejaz Jeddah Unitary presidential constitutional republic Hani Abu Ras Hejaz
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Riyadh Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Abdullah II Ahmad al-Hajj al-Salam Nejd, Qatar, UAE, Kuwait
Flag of Oman Sultanate of Oman Muscat Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Qaboos bin Said al Said Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi Oman
Flag of Saudi Arabia Two Holy Cities Theocratic non-hereditary absolute state Mecca Caliph Hakem VI Mecca and Medina
Flag of North Yemen Yemen Sanaa Unitary single-party republic Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar North Yemen
Flag of the Federation of South Arabia Federation of South Arabia Aden Federal presidential constitutional republic Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi South Yemen


Nations of Europa
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Flag of Iceland Kingdom of Vinland Reykjavik Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Margrethe Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Iceland and Greenland
Flag of the United States (Rule, Britannia!) United States of Atlantis Franklin, D.C. Federal presidential constitutional republic Marco Rubio Eastern United States, Upper and Lower Canada, Louisiana Purchase, Oregon Country
Flag of Alaska (Rule, Britannia!) Empire of Alaska New Archangel Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Cyril II Viktor Turov Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories
Flag of Keewatin (Rule, Britannia!) Commonwealth of Keewatin Winnipeg Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Frederick III Philip S. Lee Nunavut, Manitoba, northern Ontario
Confederate Rebel Flag Kingdom of Pacifica Austin Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Alfonso III Barack Obama Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Rio Grande states, Hawaii
Flag of Mexika (Rule, Britannia!) United Mexikan Republic Mexika City Federal presidential constitutional republic Henri Severin Mexico, Central America


Nations of Amazonia
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Flag of Brazil Kingdom of New Portugal São Paulo Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Duarte II Geraldo Alckmin South and Southeast Brazil Regions
Flag of Gran Colombia (1821) Federation of New Castile Bogota Federal presidential constitutional republic Juan Manuel Santos Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889) Empire of Amazonia Salvador Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Pedro V Aécio Neves Northern Brazil
Flag of Argentina (No Napoleon) Federal Republic of New Asturias Santiago Unitary presidential constitutional republic Pedro Pascal Chile and Argentina
Flag of Peru (1822 - 1825) Tawantinsuyu Confederacy Cuzco Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic Ollanta Humala Ana Jara Peru and Bolivia

Australis and Oceania

Nations of Amazonia
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Flag of Australis (Rule, Britannia!) Commonwealth of Australis New Albion Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy Frederick III Kevin Rudd Eastern Australia
Australian Aboriginal Flag Republic of West Australis New Toledo Federal presidential constitutional republic Lisa Scaffidi Western Australia
Flag of Indonesia Republic of Indonesia Jakarta Unitary presidential constitutional republic Joko Widodo Jusuf Kalla Indonesia
Flag of the Philippines Commonwealth of Luzon Manila Unincorporated territory of the United States Stephen Harper Benigno Aquino III Philippines


Nations of Africa
Flag Nation Capital Government Head of state Head of government OTL equivalent
Northern Africa
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958) Kingdom of Egypt Cairo Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Fuad II Ibrahim Mahlab Egypt and Cyrenaica
Flag of Libya (1977-2011) Free State of Fezzan Sabha Unitary presidential constitutional republic Ali Zeidan Libya
Flag of Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania Nouakchott Unitary semi presidential republic Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Mauritania and Mali
Flag of Morocco 1258 1659 Kingdom of Morocco Fez Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Mohammed VI Abdelilah Benkirane Morocco, Algeria, and Western Sahara
Flag of Sudan (1956-1970) Republic of the Sudan Khartoum Federal presidential constitutional republic Siddig El-Fadil Sudan and South Sudan
Eastern and Central Africa
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974) Empire of Ethiopia Addis Ababa Federal parliamentary constitutional republic Amha Selassie II Abadula Gemeda Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic Lagos Federal presidential constitutional republic Mahamadou Issoufou Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon
Flag of Guinea Republic of Guinea Dakar Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic John Dramani Mahama Macky Sall Western Africa
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Dominant party presidential republic Denis Sassou Nguesso Congo-Brazzavile
Flag of Zaire Republic of Zaire Kinshasa Single party state
de facto dictatorship
Nzanga Mobutu Congo-Leopoldville
Flag of Tanzania United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar Dar es Salaam Presidential constitutional republic Anne Makinda Mizengo Pinda Tanzania
Southern Africa
Flag of Madagascar Republic of Malagasy Analamanga Federal presidential constitutional republic Filipe Nyusi Madagascar and Mozambique
Proposed Flag of Angola (1996) Republic of Angola Luanda Unitary presidential constitutional republic Manuel Vicente Angola
Flag of Transvaal Republic of Natal Johannesburg Unitary semi-presidential republic Jacob Zuma Tom Thabane Eastern South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland
Flag of South Africa (No Napoleon) Union of South Africa Cape Town Federal presidential constitutional republic Patricia de Lille Western South Africa

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