List of nations, colonies and territories of Cromwell the Great

Sovereign states


For more details of the consequences during and after the European revolutions see the Germany and Italy. For other nations see Modern European States

  • Flag of the Commonwealth (1658-1660) Commonwealth of England
  • Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France & Navarre Kingdom of France => Flag of France French Republic (or revolutionary France)
  • Flag of Cross of Burgundy Kingdom of Spain
  • German states -For the consequences during and after the European revolutions see History of Germany.
    • Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) Holy Roman Empire. Dissolved during the European revolutionary wars.
    • Banner of the Electorate of Mainz Electorate of Mainz
    • Flag of England Electorate of Trier
    • Black St George's Cross Electorate of Cologne
    • Flag of Bohemia Kingdom of Bohemia
    • Flag of The Electoral Palatinate (1604) County Palatine of the Rhine
    • Flag of Electoral Saxony Electorate of Saxony
    • Wappen Mark Brandenburg Margraviate of Brandenburg
    • Electoral Standard of Bavaria (1623-1806) Electorate of Bavaria
    • Grand Duchy of Flanders (CtG) Grand-Duchy of Flanders (Established 1715)
    • Flag of Hanover (1692) Electorate of Hanover (Formally Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Established in 1692 and formally approved in 1708).
  • Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Territories of the Habsburg Monarchy
  • Flag of Ducal Prussia Duchy of Prussia (...-1701) => Civil flag of Prussia 1701-1935 Kingdom of Prussia (1701-...)
  • Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth => ATL Flag Poland-Lithuania-Ruthenia (CtG) Commonwealth of Three Nations
  • Statenvlag Dutch Republic
  • States of Italy - For the consequences during and after the European revolutions see History of Italy.
    • Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia Kingdom of Sardinia
    • Savoie flag Duchy of Savoy
    • Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1562-1737) Grand Duchy of Tuscany
    • Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice Most Serene Republic of Venice
    • Flag of Lucca Republic of Lucca
    • Mantua Flag 1575-1707 (new) Duchy of Mantua
    • Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450) Duchy of Milan
    • Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808) Papal States
    • Flag of Genoa Most Serene Republic of Genoa
    • Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4 Kingdom of Sicily (part of Spanish Empire)
  • Flag of Oryol (variant) Tsardom of Russia
  • Flag Portugal (1495) Kingdom of Portugal
  • Flag of Switzerland Swiss Confederacy => Flag of the Helvetic Republic (French) Helvetic Republic => Swiss republic Helvetic Confederation
  • Flag of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
  • Republic of Ragusa Flag Republic of Ragusa
  • Union Jack of Sweden and Denmark United Kingdom of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (1764 to date). (Union of Flag of Sweden (3-2) Kingdom of Sweden and Flag of Denmark (3-2) Kingdom of Denmark and Norway)

Central Asia

  • Safavid Flag Persian Empire (Safavid dynasty)
  • Khanate of Bukhara
  • Khanate of Khiva
  • Yarkent Khanate
  • Kazakh Khanate
  • Khanate of Kokand

India (South Asia)

  • Flag of the Mughal Empire Mughal Empire
  • Flag of Mysore Kingdom of Mysore (French suzerain after Carnatic Wars)
  • Asafia flag of Hyderabad State State of Hyderabad (French suzerainty after Carnatic Wars)
  • Flag of Kingdom of Travancore Kingdom of Travancore (French protectorate after Carnatic Wars)
  • Kingdom of Coorg (French protectorate after Carnatic Wars)
  • Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy
  • Flag of Awadh Oudh State or Kingdom of Oudh (British protectorate)
  • Sikh Confederacy (Sikh Misl) / Sikh Empire flag Sikh Empire
  • Kalhora dynasty (Sindh) Semi-autonomous domain of Mughal Empire
  • Bharatpur State
  • Rampur State
  • Jaipur State (British Protectorate)
  • Jodhpur State
  • Mewar State
  • Udaipur State
  • Bikaner State
  • Baroda flag Baroda State (British Protectorate)
  • |Arakkal flag 2 Arakkal kingdom[1] (Dutch Protectorate)
  • |Old State Flag of Maldives Maldives Sultanate (Dutch Protectorate)
  • King of Kandy Kingdom of Kandy (Dutch Protectorate)

Southeast Asia

  • Golden Hintar flag of Burma Konbaung Dynasty
  • Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar Hanthawaddy Kingdom / Toungoo Dynasty
  • Mataram Sultanate
  • Banten Sultanate
  • Sultanate of Cirebon
  • Sultanate of Ternate
  • Kingdom of Ayutthaya / Thonburi Kingdom / Rattanakosin Kingdom


  • Imperial standard of the Qing Emperor Great Qing Empire
  • Flag of the Tokugawa Shogunate Japan - Tokugawa shogunate
  • Dzungar Khanate
  • Khoshut Khanate



  • No flag Ethiopian Empire
  • Flag of the Kingdom of Kongo Kingdom of Kongo

Australasia and Oceania

  • Kanaka Maoli flag Kingdom of Hawaii (British protectorate)
  • Flag of the United Kingdom of Fiji 1871-1874 Kingdom of Fiji (British protectorate)
  • Flag of Modern New Zealand (King of America) Aotearoa

Colonies and non sovereign territories


  • Kingdom of Hungary (part of Habsburg Monarchy)
  • Principality of Transylvania (part of Habsburg Monarchy)

North America

South America

  • Viceroyalty of Peru (Spanish Empire)
  • State of Brazil (Estado do Brasil, Portuguese Empire)
  • State of Maranhão (Estado do Maranhão, Portuguese Empire)
  • Berbice - (incorporated to Dutch Guiana)
  • Pomeroon - (incorporated to Dutch Guiana)
  • Essequibo - (incorporated to Dutch Guiana)
  • Suriname - (incorporated to Dutch Guiana)
  • Dutch Brazil (Dutch colony, ceded to Portugal through the Treaty of The Hague in 1661)
  • Dutch Guiana


  • Portuguese West Africa (Portuguese Empire)
  • Dutch Gold Coast or Dutch Guinea
  • Dutch Upper Coast (Bovenkust)
  • Dutch Slave Coast
  • Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), later Kaapland

India (South Asia)

India before the Carnatic Wars

  • Dutch Republic
  • Portugal
    • Goa, Daman (also enclaves of Dadra and Nagar Haveli) and Diu.
  • British Commonwealth
    • Bombay
    • Calcutta
    • Madras
  • France
    • Chandernagore (1673)
    • Pondichéry (1674)
    • Yanam (1723)
    • Mahe (1725)
    • Karikal (1739)
  • Denmark–Norway
    • Tranquebar (or Trankebar)
    • Frederiksnagore (or Serampore)
  • Grand-Duchy of Flanders
    • Cabelon (modern-day Covelong) on the Coromandel Coast
    • Banquibazar (Ichapore) in Bengal
    • Nicobar Islands

India after the Carnatic Wars[2].

  • Dutch Republic
    • Malabar (Governorate)
    • Ceylon (Governorate)
    • Coromandel (Governorate)
    • Suratte and Ahmedabad (Directorate)
  • Portugal
    • Goa, Daman (also enclaves of Dadra and Nagar Haveli) and Diu.
  • British Commonwealth
    • Bengal Presidency (capital Calcutta)
    • Bombay Presidency
    • Mandras Presidency
  • France
    • Carnatic Coast (capital Pondichéry)
    • Malabar-Kerala Territory (Capital Mahe)
    • Northern Circars (Capital Yanaon)
  • Denmark–Norway
    • Tranquebar (or Trankebar)
    • Frederiksnagore (or Serampore)
  • Grand-Duchy of Flanders
    • Cabelon (modern-day Covelong) on the Coromandel Coast
    • Banquibazar (Ichapore) in Bengal
    • Nicobar Islands

Southeastern Asia

  • Dutch East Indies (Batavia)
  • Dutch City and Fort of Malacca
  • Governorate of Ambon (Dutch)
  • Dutch Fort Rotterdam / Makassar
  • Governorate of the Banda Islands (Dutch)
  • Dutch Burma (Myohaung and several depots)
  • Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)

Eastern Asia

  • Captaincy General of the Philippines (Spanish Empire)
  • Dutch Formosa (1624-1662, 1668-...)
  • Dejima,in Japan
  • Fort Keelung in Formosa (1664-1668)

Australasia and Oceania

  • Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
  • Dutch New Holland -> West-Australië
  • Van Diemen's Land (Dutch) ->Tasmania (British)
  • Dutch Carpentaria
  • Dutch Arnhemland
  • New South Wales (British)
  • Cookland (British)
  • Aotearoa (British-France-Dutch)
  • Cygnes (France)
  • Nouvelle Brabant (Dutch->France)

  1. Kingdom of Cannanore, Sultanate of Laccadive and Cannanore
  2. According to the Clive-Dupleix Agreement (France and Britain) of 1761

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