|National Unity Party|
|Founded||18 July 1912|
105 years ago
|Preceded by||Nationalist Party of Cygnia|
|Headquarters||9 Challenger St.|
|Student wing||National Union of Collegian Unitarian Societies|
|Youth wing||Young Unitarians|
|Women's wing||National League of Unitarian Women|
|International wing||Unitarians Overseas|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (regional partner)
|House of Representatives|
The National Unity Party (NUP), colloquially referred to as the Blue Emus (after their mascot) and its members as the same or as Unitarians, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Cygnia, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Labour Party.
There have been 7 Unitarian chancellors, the first being Billy Hughes from 1917 to his death in 1923. The most recent NUP chancellor was Malcolm Turnbull, who served from 2007 to 2011, and currently serves as the leader of the House of Representatives caucus and Leader of the Opposition.
The National Unity Party's history stretches back to the United Cygnia Party formed in 1790 which argued for a strong central government at the expense of the states' power, an idea which opposed the more powerful Federalist Party's states-centric program. The United Cygnia Party eventually evolved into a socially conservative political party, but collapsed amid factionalism and in-fighting during the chancellorship of Charles Wallace, who went on to found its successor, the Nationalist Party of Cygnia. In 1912, a right-wing faction of the Democratic Labour Party under the leadership of Billy Hughes split off from the main party to form the National Labour Party. Hughes then negotiated the NLP's merger with the Nationalist Party, which then formed the National Unity Party. The Unitarians dominated politics nationally and in the majority of northern States between 1959 and 1971.
Its current ideology is centre-right conservatism. That contrasts with Democratic Labour's democratic socialism and liberalism. The National Unity Party's platform involves support for free enterprise, business, a strong national defence, deregulation, restrictions on labour unions, social-conservative policies (particularly opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage), and traditional values, usually with a Judeo-Christian ethical foundation. The party's core support comes from the rural central and eastern regions of Cygnia, particularly the Wheatbelt, as well as conservative Catholics and evangelicals across the country. However, the NUP's support base has since 1977 been dwindling as demographic changes have resulted in a younger, more multi-ethnic and more socially liberal population.