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National Party of Australia (Australian Republic)

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The National Party (formerly the Nationalist Party) is one of two major Australian political parties. Formed in 1917 from a merger between the National Liberal Party and the National Labor Party, the centre-right National Party competes with the centre-left Labor Party.

The National Party was known as the Nationalist Party (1917 - 1931), and campaign as the United Party (1931 - 1944), in 1945 they formally adopted the name National Party.

Malcolm Turnbull 3

Malcolm Turnbull, Leader of the National Party 2005 - 2008, 2014 -



Policies and Ideology

The National Party was traditionally a liberal conservative party, supporting a mixed economy. The National Party has also been referred to as the federal party, due to its strong belief in a federal government.

However in recent years, particularly during the Howard and Abbott government's the National Party has espoused liberal economic policies and social conservatism. However under the leadership of Malcolm Turnbull the part has become more centrist.



History

Foundation

The Nationalist Party of Australia was founded as part of a merger between the National Labor Party, and the National Liberal Party in February 1917.


Hughes Government

Stanley Bruce

Stanley Bruce, Prime Minister 1923 - 1930


Bruce Government

Menzies Era

Holt Years

In late 1959 Menzies announced his intention to retire from the Prime Ministership, and insead become federal President. Holt was Menzies heir apparent, and elected party leader unopposed on January 19th 1960.


McMahon Government

Fraser Years

Peacock Years

Through 1982 the Fraser government began to divide, with several younger ministers voicing concerns about Fraser's style of leadership.



Howard Years

Abbott Government

The Abbott government was defeated in the March 2014 federal election.

National federal leaders

# Name Term Began Term Ended

TotalTime in Office

Term as Prime Minister
1 Billy Hughes February 17, 1917 April 25, 1923 6 years, 2 months 1914 - 1923
2 Stanley Bruce April 25, 1923 June 28, 1930 7 years, 2 months 1923 - 1930
3 John Latham June 28, 1930 March 25, 1931 8 months
4 Joseph Lyons March 25, 1931 April 9, 1939 8 years 1933 - 1939
5 Robert Menzies April 9, 1939 January 19, 1960 20 years, 9 months 1939 - 1944, 1951 - 1960
6 Harold Holt January 19, 1960 December 19, 1967 7 years, 11 months 1960 - 1961, 1963 - 1967
7 William McMahon December 19, 1967 December 20, 1972 5 years 1967 - 1972
8 Billy Snedden December 20, 1972 March 21, 1975 2 years, 3 months
9 Malcolm Fraser March 21, 1975 April 12, 1983 8 years 1975 - 1983
10 Andrew Peacock April 12, 1983 September 5, 1985 2 years 7 months 1983 - 1984
11 John Howard September 5, 1985 June 2002 16 years 1990 - 2002
12 Peter Costello June 2002 July 2005 3 years
13 Malcolm Turnbull July 2005 March 2008 2 years
14 Tony Abbott March 2008 May 2014 6 years 2011 - 2014
15 Malcolm Turnbull May 2014 - 1 month

Liberal federal deputy leaders

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
Joseph Cook 1917 1919
Stanley Bruce 1919 1923
Eric Harrison 1944
John Howard 1982 1985
Andrew Peacock 1985 1994
Peter Costello 1994 2002
Julie Bishop 2008

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