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National Guard (Bata World)

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National Guard of Czech Republic
Active 1945 - 1989
Country Czech Republic
Allegiance Flag of the Czech RepublicCzechia
Branch Heavy Armed Infantry, paramilitary forces
Type Heavy Armed Paramilitary Guard Division
Role National Defense of Czech Republic and Czech Republic interests in foreign countries
Size 800 (1945)
2,000 (1946)
15,000(1950)
125,000(1980)
Headquarters Prague
Svolec
Zlin
Breclav
Brno
Ostrava
Motto "Pravda vítězí!" "Truth Prevail!"
Colors Blue
March "Náš tatíčku Masaryku" "Our daddy Masaryk"
Anniversaries 7th May
Equipment Armoured transporters OT vehicle family, radioguided ballistic tactical missiles, standard infantry equipment
Engagements Arab-Israeli War of 1948
Korean War 1949 - 1951 (Bata World)
Soviet Aggression against Yugoslavia (Bata World)
Cuban Civil War (Bata World)
2nd Russian Civil War 1966 - 1972 (Bata World)
Sunni Insurgency in Afghanistan 1979 - 1985 (Bata World)
Disbanded 1989 - destroyed in North Afghan Offensive
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Stanislav Beranek
Ceremonial chief Guard General J. Slanka
Colonel of
the Regiment
Army General L. Svoboda
Notable
commanders
Stanislav Beranek

The National Guard of the Czech Republic (Národní garda České republiky) is main paramilitary and national defense structure in Czech Republic after the 2nd World War. The National Guard was formed from remnants of resistance movement, war veterans and untrained volunteers in 1945. NGCZ was response to establish a Communist regime in Austria, after crippling of soviet influence in Czechoslovakia. The first commander was Major Marecek. However, after a bloody incident with NKVD elite guard troops in August 1945, he resigned and gave command to Major Josef Slanka (Guard General at end of existence of NGCZ).

1st Infantry Battalion of NGCZ was participated in 1st Expeditionary Corps to Palestine. With 4th Tank Brigade and 7th Airborne Regiment, they helped Jewish settlers and newly-born Israel Armed Forces in fight against Arab invaders. Later, NGCZ participated in skirmishes in Korean War, led liberation of Pyongyang and successfully decimated 9th Division of DPRK Army. In 1952, NGCZ allied with Yugoslavia People Army against Soviet invasion to Yugoslavia. Czech National Guard with Army of Czech Republic invaded the Austrian People's Republic and destroyed Vienna. Most of the Austrian People Army surrendered or defected to Czech side (nearly 25,000 troops defected, other 30,000 surrendered to Czech troops). In 1961, National Guard on request of Cuban exile government participated in the Cuban civil war against the Communist rebel government in Santiago de Cuba. The Cuban Communist regime was toppled by the National Guard and Cuba became the de facto puppet of the Czech Republic in Latin America.

When Khrushchev supporters in Russia started a new civil war with support of Red Army divisions against Red Navy and Red Air Forces commanded by Leonid Brezhnev, United Nations sent the National Guard of the Czech Republic to liberate and secure the Ukraine. With 75,000 Czech soldiers, the Soviet Army was destroyed with the support of the local population on Ukraine and retreated to Russia. Ukraine declared independence from Russia and the Soviet Army retreated from the German's People Republic to Poland. At this time, the National Guard of the Czech Republic invaded the Slovakia Soviet Republic and 7th May 1969, liberated Slovakia from Communist rule.

In 1979, the National Guard of the Czech Republic accepted a request from the Afghan secular leftist government to help in defense against Sunni insurgents. Radical Islamist groups supported by the United States and CIA started a civil war in Afghanistan. In 1985, most of the government loyalist forces were destroyed by insurgents, but the National Guard was encircled in Afghanistan. For the next four years, the National Guard remained in Afghanistan, defending themselves because of lack of foreign supports and evacuation capabilities. In 1989, Taliban movement with support of CIA and mercenaries started final offensive against the National Guard of the Czech Republic. Commander Beranek was killed in this offensive and 45,000 remaining National Guard troops were killed or captured. On the other hand, guard troops killed more then 80,000 Afghan rebels despite the lack of ammunition, weapons and food supplies.

By order of prime minister Eduard Zavalka, on 7th May 1989, National Guard was disbanded and properties, weapons, ammunition and remaining personnel were sent to regular army units.

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