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Napoleonic Wars
Timeline: Pax Columbia OTL Equivalent: Napoleonic Wars
Sadler, Battle of Waterloo
Top: Battle of Austerlitz bottom: Battle of Waterloo

circa 1803-1815

Location Europe, Atlantic Ocean, Río de la Plata, Italian Guiana, Indian Ocean, South America
Result Coalition victory, Congress of Vienna

  • End of the First Italian Empire, Bourbon Restoration
  • End of Concert of Europe concept
  • Various territorial and dynastic changes
  • Beginning of the Pax Españia

Coalition Powers

Flag of the United Kingdom (Pax Colombia) British Empire

AustriaFlag Roman Empire (1804-1805, 1809, 1813-1815)

Flag of Russia Russia (1804-1807, 1812-1815)

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Prussia (1806-1807, 1812-1815)

Flag of Spain Spain (1808-1815)

Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves Portugal (1804-1807, 1809-1815)

Modern Burgundy (Pax Columbia) Burgundy

Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg Mecklenburg

Flag of Scotland Kingdom of Scotland

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire (until 1803, then 1809-1812)

Flag of Sweden Sweden (1804-1809, 1812-1815)

SV-BrittanyFlag Brittany (1815)

Brunswick Flag Brunswick

Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned Italian Royalists

30px Hanover

Nassau Flag Nassau

Flag of Montenegro Montenegro (1806-1814)

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajay Empire (1807-1812)

and others

Napoleonic Powers

Flag of Italy Italy

  • Flag France (VegWorld) France

Flag of Spain Spain (1803-1808)

Denmark-Norway (Day of Glory) Denmark–Norway

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire (1806-1809)

AustriaFlag Roman Empire (1809-1813)

Flag of Russia Russia (1807-1812)

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Prussia (1807-1812)

Flag of Sweden Sweden (1809-1812)

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajay Empire (1807-1812 (1804-1807, 1812-1813)

Coalition leaders

Flag of the United Kingdom (Pax Colombia) William Pitt

Flag of the United Kingdom (Pax Colombia) Duke of Wellington

Flag of the United Kingdom (Pax Colombia) Horatio Nelson

Flag of the United Kingdom (Pax Colombia) John Moore

AustriaFlag Francis I

AustriaFlag Archduke Charles

AustriaFlag Prince von Schwarzenberg

AustriaFlag Archduke John

Flag of Russia Alexander I

Flag of Russia Mikhail Kutuzov

Flag of Russia Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly

Flag of Russia Count Bennigsen

Flag of Russia Pyotr Bagration

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Frederick William III

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Gebhard von Blücher

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Duke of Brunswick

Flag of Prussia (1892-1918) Prince of Hohenlohe

Flag of Spain Ferdinand VII

Flag of Spain Miguel de Álava

Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves Prince John

Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves William Beresford

Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves Miguel Pereira Forjaz

Flag of the Netherlands William, Prince of Orange

Modern Burgundy (Pax Columbia) Gustav IV Adolf

Modern Burgundy (Pax Columbia) Prince Charles John

Modern Burgundy (Pax Columbia) Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel

Flag of Italy Guissepi Bolito

Flag of Montenegro Petar I Petrović-Njegoš

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Fath Ali Shah Qajar

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Abbas Mirza

and others

Napoleonic leaders

Flag of Italy Napoleon I

Flag of Italy Charles de Lannoy

Flag of Italy Antonio de Leyva

Flag of Italy Fernando de Avalos

Flag of Italy Marchese de Pescara

Flag of Italy André Masséna

Flag of Italy Michel Ney

Flag of Italy Georg Frundsberg

Flag of Italy Jean-Baptiste Bessières

Flag of Italy and other Marshals

Flag of Italy Leonardo de' Medici

Flag of Spain Joseph I

Flag of the Netherlands Louis I

Poland Flag Prince Poniatowski

Flag France (VegWorld) Prince Eugène

Poland Flag Jerome Napoleon

Poland Flag Maximilian I

Poland Flag Frederick Augustus I

Alleged flag of the Rhine Confederation 1806-13 Frederick I

Flag of Sweden Frederick VI

Flag of Sweden Prince Christian August of Augustenburg

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Selim III

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Mahmud II

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Muhammad Ali Pasha

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Fath Ali Shah Qajar

Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan Abbas Mirza

and others




The Napoleonic Wars were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's Italian Empire by opposing coalitions that ran from 1803 to 1815. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the Italian Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. Italian power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after Italy's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered complete military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France.

The wars resulted in the dissolution of the Prussian Empire and the strengthening of the Holy Roman Empire, as the Roman Empire, and sowed the seeds of nascent nationalism in Rome and Poland that would lead to the two nations' respective consolidations later in the century. Meanwhile, the global French Empire began to unravel as Italian occupation of France weakened France's hold over its colonies, providing an opening for nationalist revolutions in French America. As a direct result of the Napoleonic Wars the Spanish Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Españia

No consensus exists as to when the Italian Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic Wars began. An early candidate is 9 November 1799, when Bonaparte seized power in Italy with the coup of 18 Brumaire. 18 May 1803 is the most commonly used date, as this was when a renewed declaration of war between France and Italy ended the only period of general peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814. The Napoleonic Wars ended following Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815 and the Second Treaty of Paris.

Author: CassAnaya

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