|Kingdom of Sicily|
Regnum SicilaeTimeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
Regnu di Sicilia
OTL equivalent: Kingdom of Sicily
1130 - 1282; 1484 - Present
Sicily, in lime green, c. 1500
|Other cities||Bari, Palermo, Syracuse|
|Official languages||Latin, Italian|
|Ethnic groups||Neapolitan, Sicilian, Arab, Jewish|
|Government||Feudal Elective Monarchy|
|-||Prince-General||Afonso de Braganza|
|Legislature||Council of Sicily|
|-||War of Independence||1482 - 84|
|Patron saint||Saint Januarius|
The Kingdom of Sicily (Neapolitan: Regno 'e Sicilia, Sicilian: Regnu di Sicilia), which comprises of the southern part of the Italian Peninsula, as well as the island of Sicily, is a feudal elective monarchy.
It is the re-established monarchy of the thirteenth-century Kingdom of Sicily. The original monarchy was effectively ended after the island of Sicily seceded from the country after the Vespers of 1282. Under a personal union with Milan starting in the mid-fifteenth century, Sicily was recovered. In 1482 - 1484, Naples and Sicily waged a successful independence war and re-established the Kingdom of Sicily.
The ruler elected by the Council of Sicily is known as the Prince-General.
For early history about the Kingdom of Naples see this article: Kingdom of Naples
1400 to 1500
In the early 15th century, King Ladislaus largely had to deal with quelling the last of the rebellions in favor of Louis II, the former pretender king. Once that ended with the executions of Onorato Caetani, the count of Fondi and the last rebellions in Apulia and Abruzzo being crushed, Naples largely attempted to rebuild itself by improving its damaged infrastructure and expanding it across the barren countryside.
- War of Balkan Liberation - 1441-1443
- Free city status granted - 1451
- Death of Mary Anjou, Succession of Matteo Visconti - 1454
From 1454 to 1484, Naples continued to be the junior partner in the Italian union, being the subject of an increasingly powerful country. However, starting in the late 1460s, Italy had engendered massive conflict in Europe and was suffering greatly. Austria, Bulgaria, and Spain, as well as many other European powers, warred on Italy and Naples. By 1482, Naples had erupted in revolt due to protracted war and economic ruin. Within a few years, the Italian authority was overthrown and a Sicilian noble was elected to the throne. Sicily transformed into an elective monarchy known as the Regency-Generalship.
1500 to 1600
In 1571, Philip I of House Valois was elected by the Noble Council as Prince-General of the Kingdom of Sicily.
The Kingdom of Sicily is currently a feudal elective monarchy currently ruled by Prince-General Afonso de Braganza, a nephew of the Iberian king.
Here is the current status of the dynasty:
- Calabria - Duchess Sofia Trastamara (b. 1530)
- Basilicata - Duke Charles d'Antoing (b. 1499)
- Apulia - Duke Nicophono Veletchkov (b. 1496)
- Campania - Duke Matteo Martello (b. 1540)
- Molise - Duchess Bianca Giana de Alarico (b. 1524)
- Abruzzo - Duke Giacomo Visconti-Este (b. 1506)
The Prince General is elected by the Noble Council, founded in the 1480s after Sicily achieved independence from Milan. The Council is composed of all Six Dukes, as well as the Barons of Naples, Bari, Palermo, and Syracuse.
60,000 men in the army
TBD ships in the navy
Due to the elective nature of Sicilian governance, close relations with other nations have been known to vary depending upon the ruling Prince-General. As of 1660, during the reign of Afonso de Braganza, the foreign relations of Sicily are as follows:
- San Gennaro - Settled in 1661, currently ruled by Pietro Bonaparte
- Santa Croce - Acquired in 1663 from Iberia
- Papal States
- Italian League