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NASA (Temporal Incursion 1918)

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NASA rebrand4

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

History

Spaceflight programs

Crewed missions

  • X-15 rocket plane (1959-1968)
  • Project Mercury (1959-1963)
  • Project Gemini (1961-1966)
  • Project Apollo (1961-1972)
  • Skylab (1965-1979)
  • Apollo-Soyuz Test project (1972-1975)
  • Space Shuttle program (1972-2011)
    • Space Transportation System (1981-2011)
  • International Space Station (1985-present)
  • Project Constellation (2004-present)
    • National Launch System (2009-present)
    • Asteroid Deflection program (2009-present)
    • Orion Lunar missions (2009-present)
    • Orion Asteroid missions (2015-present)
    • Orion Mars missions (Planned for 2020 or later)
  • Commercial Space Transportation Network (2005-present)
  • NextGen Spacecraft Development project (2010-ongoing)

Uncrewed missions

  • Explorer program (1958-ongoing)
  • Pioneer program (1958-1978)
  • Echo project (1960-1964)
  • Ranger program (1961-1965)
  • Telstar (1962-1963, commercial project with NASA contribution)
  • Mariner program (1963-1973)
  • Lunar Orbiter program (1966-1967)
  • Surveyor program (1966-1968)
  • Helios probes (1974-1976)
  • Viking program (1975)
  • Voyager program (1977)
  • High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 (1977)
  • Solar Maximum mission (1980)
  • Infrared Astronomical Satellite, IRAS (1983)
  • Magellan probe (1989)
  • Galileo probe (1989)
  • Hubble Space Telescope (1990)
  • Ulysses (1990)
  • Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, URAS (1991)
  • Discovery program (1992-ongoing)
  • Clementine (1994)
  • Mars Global Surveyor (1996)
  • Cassini-Huygens (1997)
  • New Millennium program (1998-2006)
  • Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (2002)
  • Earth Observing System (1997-2011)
  • Mars Exploration rovers (2003)
  • MESSENGER (2004)
  • Pluto Kuiper Express (2004-ongoing), captured images of Pluto in 2013.
  • Mars Scout program (2007-ongoing)
    • Phoenix (2007-2008)
    • ARES (2011)
    • MAVEN (2013-2014)
  • Dawn (2007)
  • Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (2009)
  • Mars Telecommunications Orbiter (2009)
  • Mars Science Laboratory (2011)
  • Space Interferometry Mission (2011)
  • James Webb Space Telescope (2011)
  • Thousand Astronomical Units, TAU Interstellar Explorer (2011), is expected to reach 200 AU in 2026, 400 AU in 2034, 600 AU in 2043, 800 AU in 2052 and 1000 AU in 2061.
  • Terrestrial Planet Finder-C (2014)
  • Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (2015-ongoing), will reach target in 2021.

Planned missions

  • InSight (2016)
  • Neptune Orbiter (2016)
  • Solar Probe Plus (2018)
  • Terrestrial Planet Finder-I (2020)
  • Venus In Situ Explorer (2022)
  • Uranus Pathfinder (2025), with ESA

Recent and planned activities

NASA launched a crewed-mission back to the Moon in 2009, forty years after the initial lunar landing. Astronauts completed the construction of Neil A. Armstrong Lunar Outpost in 2012, after a three-year construction period. The Outpost will facilitate crewed missions to locations farther into the Solar System.

In 2015, NASA astronauts successfully landed on asteroid 1999 AO10, discovered fairly recently.

There is also a plan in place to send a crewed mission to Mars landing in 2020 or 2021.

Uncrewed missions include the Venus In Situ Explorer to be launched in 2022, a joint NASA/ESA Uranus Pathfinder probe to be launched in 2025 and the Neptune Orbiter to be launched in 2016.

Scientific research

NASA spin-off technologies

Staff and leadership

List of NASA administrators

Facilities

NASA facilities

Budget

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