Mirza the Lawmaker
Kamran-ud-din Muhammad Mirza
Muiris Temüreigh
Vyavasthāpaka Lawmaker
Emperor-Khan of the Mughal Empire
Reign 1472-1495
Predecessor none, position created
Successor Raja Singh
Emperor of the Mughal Empire
Reign 1472-1472
Predecessor Muhammad Babur
Successor none, position abolished
Khan of the Southern Chagatai Khanate
Reign 1472-1472
Predecessor The Eunuch Khan
Successor none, position abolished
Spouse (1) Priya Sultan Begum
(2) Anjali Sultan Begum
(3) Rati Sultan Begum
(4) Vena Sultan Begum
(5) Ladia Maria of Namur
Issue Abha Aditi Agni Amir Amala Ananta
Asha Kailash Mohinder Mukta Brahma
Dynasty Timurid
Father Aryan
Born 4 May 1451
Died 27 April 1524
Burial 29 April 1524
Chapel of St. Patrick, Tomasdun
Religion Sunni Islam (1451-1521)
Christianity (1522-1524)
Mirza (1451-1524) was the second Emperor of the Mughal Empire, second Khan of the Southern Chagatai Khanate and first Emperor-Khan of the Mughal Empire 


Birth and early life

Born in 1451, he was the son of Aryan, Emperor of the Timurids. His mother hailed from the Indian nation of Marwar. The young Mirza spent the first three and a half years of his life happily in the royal palace of Kabul. During the the fall of the Timurid Empire (1455) he was forced to witness his father's death. By the end of the year, he reached Marwar with his mother. There he was educated in the Marwari dialect of the Hindi language. After the war for Indian hegemony, the young Mirza at the age of 13, was adopted by his uncle Babur, emperor of the Mughals. Although initially reluctant, he grew fond of his uncle, whom he called Cācā. At the age of 21, he ascended the Mughali throne.


After ascending the Mughali throne, he also, in a few hours after his coronation, gained the position of the Chagatay khan. With the two nations being connected for a long time, Mirza was able to unite them quickly into one, becoming the first Emperor-Khan of the Mughal Empire. Mirza's rule was an era of peace and prosperity. During his reign, the European nations, Alexandria, Hungary, Netherlands, Milan and Rumania established contact with Mughal Empire, allowing for trade to flourish. While the Mughali goods went to Europe, the Mughals received knowledge about the technology and languages of the European nations. Mirza himself was able to study and learn the Hungarian language from the Hungarians and the French language from the Dutch. In 1494, his first wife Priya, died during childbirth. This is a pivotal event in Mirza's life, after which he retreated from the politics of the Mughal Empire, allowing his council to keep the Mughal Empire peaceful.

Abdication and travel to Europe

At the end of 1494, knowing his half-brother Raja Singh would soon ascend the throne, he made final preparations for confirming him as his heir and abdicating. The information reached Raja in early 1455, around March. After his coronation as Rao of Marwar, Raja soon reached Kabul, where Mirza abdicated in mid-April. After witnessing the coronation of Raja, former Emperor Mirza arranged a voyage towards Europe, on a Hungarian ship. During these events he improved his Hungarian skills. Upon arriving to Hungary, specifically Split, he became interested in the Slavs. Spending a few years among Hungarians, he met Ladislaus (Vladislav), a Hungarian noble and scholar. Sometime after the university in Budapest was built, he and Ladislaus departed from Hungary, with Mirza eager to explore Europe. During his travels in Europe, he became knows as Maurice of the Moghuls and later Maurice of Namur, earning the title of his fifth and final wife, Lady Maria of Namur. Since his marriage to Lady Maria, he was blessed with five more children. In 1521, he traveled to Éire with his youngest child, Brahma (Brann) who was two years old at the time. In 1524, he suddenly became bed-ridden and died in late April.



Although Mirza did in fact have a history of writing poetic works prior to his abdication, the works didn't become very successful. It was not until Mirza arrived in Hungary and later the Netherlands that he focuses on his writing. His works were primarily influenced by Dante's La Divina Commedia, Boccaccio's Decameron and Petrarch's Il Canzoniere. Minor influences included Dalmatian humanists and early renaissance petrarchists

His poetic works may be divided into five groups:

  • Latin works: Works in Latin were written throughout his whole life, although they reached their height during his time spent in the Netherlands.
  • Croatian works: His earliest works, heavily based on the poetic style of the humanists in Split. He wrote most of his works in Croatian, as he preferred it over other languages.
  • Italian works: Although smallest in numbers, they are perceived to be of high quality.
  • Dutch works: Numerous works, ranging from romantic poems, from epic poems to comedies and tragedies.
  • Irish Gaelic works: Written during the last years of his life, primarily consist of epitaphs and odes, two novels and an unfinished epic poem.

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