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Sultanate of MoroccoTimeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
Location of Morocco (Dark Red)
|Regional Languages||Tarifit, Tashelhit|
|Ethnic groups||Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%|
Morocco (Berber: ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ Lmaġrib, Arabic: المغرب al-Maġrib), officially the Sultanate of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. It is one of only three countries (with Castile and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. The Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah (Arabic: المملكة المغربية, meaning "The Western Kingdom") and Al-Maghrib (Arabic: المغرب, meaning "The West") are commonly used as alternate names.
Morocco is a absolute monarchy. That means no political parties, democratic elections and demonstrations currently. The current sultan is Abdelhafid of Morocco.
Until 1898, Morocco was formally a kingdom with king or queen as head of state, starting with King Abd al-Rahman. The government was later reformed again into a sultanate in honor of King Abdelaziz, which he also proclaimed as first modern sultan, as of Moroccan Government Reform Act of 1898. The copy was inspired from ancient Idrisid dynasty, when Idriss I proclaimed as first sultan of Morocco.
The country’s military consists of the Royal Armed Forces—this includes the Army (the largest branch) and the Navy.
Most Moroccans are of Arab, Berber or mixed Arab-Berber descent. There is a significant minority of Sub-Saharan African and European people. Arabs and Berbers together make up about 99.1% of the Moroccan population. A sizeable portion of the population is identified as Haratin and Gnawa (or Gnaoua), black or mixed race descendants of slaves, and Moriscos, European Muslims expelled from Spain and Portugal in the 17th century.
In 1867, the Population Growing Act is signed by King Masinissa IV, meaning the Moroccan population continues to grow by grow rate at adding 1 million people every 10 years. In 1893, the Moroccan Population Growth Act 1893 is signed by Sultan Aslal I, meaning the Moroccan population continues to grow at faster growing rate. Sultan wanted to grow the population faster as a stronger and independent nation and that he changed the population growth rate by 200,000 people every year.
Morocco is an ethnically diverse country with a rich culture and civilization. Through Moroccan history, it has hosted many people coming from East (Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Jews and Arabs), South (Sub-Saharan Africans) and North (Romans, Vandals, Andalusians and Moors). All those civilizations have had an impact on the social structure of Morocco. It conceived various forms of beliefs, from paganism, Judaism, and Christianity to Islam.
Moroccan literature is formally written in Arabic and minority Berber, but now is mostly written in Tamazight and other Berber languages. Under the Almohad dynasty Morocco experienced a period of prosperity and brilliance of learning. The Almohad built the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh, which accommodated no fewer than 25,000 people, but was also famed for its books, manuscripts, libraries and book shops, which gave it its name; the first book bazaar in history. The Almohad Caliph Abu Yakub had a great love for collecting books. He founded a great library, which was eventually carried to the Casbah and turned into a public library.
Moroccan music is of Amazigh, Arab and sub-Saharan origins. Rock-influenced chaabi bands are widespread, as is trance music with historical origins in Muslim music.
Morocco is home to Andalusian classical music that is found throughout North Africa. It probably evolved under the Moors in Cordoba, and the Persian-born musician Ziryab is usually credited with its invention. A genre known as Contemporary Andalusian Music and art is the brainchild of Morisco visual artist/composer/oudist Tarik Banzi, founder of the Al-Andalus Ensemble.
Chaabi ("popular") is a music consisting of numerous varieties which are descended from the multifarious forms of Moroccan folk music. Chaabi was originally performed in markets, but is now found at any celebration or meeting.
Spectator sports in Morocco traditionally centered on the art of horsemanship until European sports—football, polo, swimming, and tennis—were introduced at the end of the 19th century. In March 1903, The Royal Moroccan Football Federation is founded as governing body of football in Morocco and same year and month, Morocco national football team based in Rabat was also founded. Shortly after birth of Moroccan football, 5 local football clubs are founded in largest cities between May and November 1903. These football clubs are based in Rabat, Fes, Tétouan, Casablanca and Marrakesh.
Education in Morocco started in 1836 when the Moroccan government's Child Education Act is signed by King Abd al-Rahman of Morocco and immediately starts an new era of Moroccan Age for Education. A new rule was passed in Morocco, meaning all children over 8 years must go to school at weekdays, not weekends because there children are home and resting.