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Bogd Khaanate (1911-1924)
Following the series of revolutions in China in 1911, Outer Mongolia declared its independence from Qing Dynasty on December 29, 1911 with eighth Jebtsundamba Khutuktu was elected as Bogd Khan, the head of state of independent Mongolia. The attempts to include Inner Mongolia into the newly-independent Mongolia failed for various reasons, including the military weakness of the Inner Mongols to achieve their independence and the lack of support from a part Inner Mongolian nobles and the higher clergy.
Despite Imperial Russian recognition on Outer Mongolian independence on November 3, 1912, this status later reverted again in the Kyakhta agreement of 1915 between China, Russia and Outer Mongolia that agreed on all Mongolia's status as autonomy within China.