The Monarch of the Commonwealth is the recognized head of the Commonwealth of Nations, and is also the head of the House of Windsor, Queen Elizabeth II of the House of Windsor. Currently Queen Elizabeth is the Head of State of four countries; Australasia, Newfoundland, South Africa and Scotland. While England recognizes Queen Elizabeth as their Head of State, Queen Elizabeth has not taken the title "Queen of England," much like her father King George VI refused to do so, citing the "illegitimate" Sorelist dictatorship ruling England as the reason.
With the rise of the Imperial Socialist Party in Great Britain in the 1920s and 30s, many nobles, members of the royalty, conservatives and wealthy citizens fled the increasingly National Socialist country. Perhaps the most notable was Prince Albert, his wife Elizabeth, and their two daughters in 1938. This was after his brother became King Edward VIII after the death of their father George V, and named John Beckett the new Prime Minister, which quickly turned Britain into a dictatorship. After a violent confrontation with Beckett and Edward VIII, Albert and his family fled to Norway on the Royal Yacht Britannia, from where Albert would travel through Russia to Japan, and from there to Australasia. Though he said he loved Britain, he could not stay while "...democracy was torn apart and free speech was suppressed." Albert was content to live the rest of his life in isolation in Australia, purchasing a ranch 100 km south of Sydney where he settled his family.
With the outbreak of the Third Global War, Australasia was thrown into a political crisis. With Britain now invading Ireland and France with Germany, Prime Minister Lionel Logue was facing revolts in his Pan-Unity Government from the conservatives who did not wish to break ties with the British monarchy, and the liberals that did not wish to join the war on the side of the National Socialists. Logue manages to kill two birds with one stone by convincing Prince Albert to become King of Australasia, which he reluctantly did in March 1941. Only a couple weeks later, the Hong Kong Incident spiralled out of control, and lead to war between China and Australasia, which had control over the former British colony starting in 1927.
As the war expanded, South Africa also recognized King George VI as their King, followed by Newfoundland and Scotland when it was liberated by American troops in 1944 and 1945, respectfully. By this time, King George VI had managed to overcome his stammer, and while maybe not the best public speaker, he and his family was the "bedrock" that supported the new Commonwealth of Nations as the war dragged on. George VI, as a serving naval officer in the Royal Navy before leaving Britain, was a huge supporter of the Royal Australasian Navy and was instrumental in the naval war in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, as well as the joint Franco-Australasian invasion of Indochina and Southern China.
The victory in 1946 was longer and harder than anyone had thought, and it had damaged King George VI's health irreparably. A life long smoker, the stress of the war lead to him start chain smoking, and by 1950 George VI was diagnosed with throat cancer. Despite his illness, he took his job as King of the Commonwealth seriously, much to the praise and respect of the world. King George VI would continue to reign as monarch of the Commonwealth of Nations until his death in 1954, when his daughter Princess Elizabeth became Queen. Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in a ceremony in each of the four countries during 1954 and 1955, recognizing her as the monarch of each country. She traveled widely in her role as Queen and Head of the Commonwealth, having addressed the Organization of Sovereign Nations a record 12 times during her reign, and visited almost every country on earth, with the notable exception of England.
List of Monarchs of the Commonwealth