Moldavian Democratic Republic
Republica Democratică Moldovenească
Timeline: Twilight of a New Era

OTL equivalent: Bessarabia
Flag of the Moldavian Democratic Republic Coat of arms of Moldavian Democratic Republic
Location Moldavian Democratic Republic
Location of Moldovia (Bessarabia) within the Russian Empire, between 1915-1920
Anthem "Deșteaptă-te, române! (Awaken thee, Romanian!)"
(and largest city)
Chişinău (Kishinyov)
Other cities Orhei
  others Russian and Ukrainian
  others Eastern Orthodox, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism and Atheism
Ethnic Groups
  others Russian and Ukrainian
Demonym Moldovan, Moldavian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
President Council of Ministers
Area aprox. 46,000 km²
Population 1,700,000 
Established 1919
Independence from Russian Empire
  declared July 1919
Annexation to Kingdom of Romania
  date May 1920
Currency Romanian leu and Moldavian leu

The Moldavian Democratic Republic (Romanian: Republica Democratică Moldovenească), a.k.a. Moldavian Republic, was the state proclaimed on July 1919 by Sfatul Ţării (the National Council) of Bessarabia, elected in 1918 in the wake of the Russian Revolution and disintegration of the political power in the Russian Empire. In May 1920 became part of the Kingdom of Romania.

Sfatul Ţării was its legislative body, while the Council of Directors General, renamed Council of Ministers after the Declaration of Independence, was its government. The following day the Romanian Army crossed the border and proceed to secure Chişinău and the border with Ukraine along the Dniester river. This military occupation was warmly welcomed by the Moldavian population.

In the wake of the Paris Conference, a possible annexation by the Bolshevik Russia and Ukraine, and prompted by the strong internal sentiment of the population, on May 1920, the Sfatul Ţării proclaimed the Union of Bessarabia with the Kingdom of Romania, with the condition of fulfillment of agrarian reform, local autonomy (continuation of Bessarabian legislative and executive bodies) and guarantee of political freedoms and rights. Finally the Sfatul Ţării, under pressure from Bucharest, approved an unconditional union with Romania.

Many of the previous points and republicanism would become part of the programs of left wing parties and republicans and common demands of the Moldavian region.

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