Mohammad Omar "the Great" Gandhi was the third Prime Minister of India from 1904 to 1934 when he resigned in the face of the Chinese invasion of India and the Imperial Congress's decision to join the Fifth World War. Gandhi was noted for successfully keeping India out of the Fourth World War and bringing India back amongst the great powers of the world. He was a key proponent of the Great Leap Forwards, a national program to better the standard of living across the nation as well as to technologically advance the nation. Gandhi is often celebrated as the greatest pacifist leader in history, and not a single war was fought by India during his leadership. He refused to lead the country through a war and as a result spent the Fifth World War urging the people to fight for peace. However, his efforts remained fruitless and India's participation in the war led to a victory for the nation. After the war, he insisted that it was of great importance to remain neutral in the Cold War, and this was recognized. To this day, India has not joined any of the four major pacts in the Cold War, but instead remains on good terms with all sides. Gandhi died overseas in the United States in 1959 at the age of 89. He was buried outside his house in India, which later became a museum in his honor. His birthday, October 2, is celebrated as International Nonviolence Day worldwide.