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Miskitia (The Many Nations of North America)

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El Reino de la Miskitia
The Kingdom of Miskitia
Timeline: The Many Nations of North America
Miskitiaflag No coa
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital
(and largest city)
Bluefields
Language
  official
 
Miskito, English
  others Spanish, Creole
King Norton Cuthbert Clarence
Prime Minister Tom Jones
Area 59,566 km²
Population 850,000 
Established 1625
Currency British Pound

Situated on the Coast of Nicaragua, the Kingdom of Miskitia is the last remaining Indian Kingdom on the North American Continent. Under the protection of Britain, the Kingdom has enjoyed relative peace during the last 20 years. The current King is Norton Cuthbert Clarence, who has ruled since the late 1970's.

History

The Miskito Nation came into being as a state sometime before 1625. Its first recorded king was Oldman, son of an unnamed king of the Miskitos. First contact with the British was made in the reign of the father of King Oldman, who sent him to Britain where Oldman received an audience with King Charles I.

The Miskito King and the British concluded a formal Treaty of Friendship and Alliance in 1740 followed by the appointment of a resident Superintendent in 1749. A protectorate was established over the Miskito Nation.

The kingdom of Miskitia served during the American Revolutionary War by attacking Spanish colonies and gained several victories alongside the British. However, at the conclusion of the peace in 1783, Britain had to relinquish control over the coast. The British withdrawal was completed at the end of June 1787. Despite the withdrawal, Britain maintained an unofficial protectorate over the kingdom, often intervening to protect Miskito interest against Spanish encroachments.

Miskitia remained under British Protection throughout the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During this time it served as a base for projecting British power throughout the region, especially after the break up of the CSA in 1930.

With the help of Britain, the government of Miskitia was able to modernize the country. During the 1950s, the then current King, Roger Frederick, was pressured to convened the first Parliament. The King also had a strict policy of little immigration, and kept Miskitia closed to the outside world.

The country served as a base for Britain, during the war against Texas. This has had a great effect on Miskitia, and there has been much immigration to the country by refugees, mostly from Louisiana, and Arkansas.

Economy

While having strong government and banking institutions, Miskitia's economy is still developing, with a GDP of $6,000. Most of the growth has occurred in the last decade with the growing British presence in the country. Miskitia was one of the hemisphere's fastest growing economies, averaging 4% per year, although with most of the North American continent at war, this achievement is somewhat hollow. Miskitia's economy is mostly export based and it's largest trading partner is Great Britain. The main economic activities are fishing, logging, farming cash crops such as bananas, and copper mining. The British bases in the region also make a large contribution to the economy.

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