|Timeline : Superpowers|
Ministeria (English: Ministries) of the Roman Empire are a collection of transparliamentary bodies that administer the functions of the federal government on behalf of the Caesar. Almost every ministry is run by one praeministrum who is appointed by the emperor. Various numbers of minor officials and magistrates work for the prime ministers to perform their given administrative functions.
Among the duties of a prime minister are advising the Senate on matters within his jurisdiction, allocating public funds toward his ministry's assigned and self-directed goals, and providing counsel to the Caesar as members of the Officium Imperialis.
The job of a prime minister can be extremely tasking, with his combined advisory and administrative roles. Failure to fulfill certain essential functions of government open a minister to prosecution by the Senate and, at the very least, put his position at risk. While the empire could survive for some time without the functions of the Senate, it would entirely collapse if whole ministries became incapable of performing their designated functions.
There are fifty distinct ministeria tasked with administering the Imperium Romanum. The magnitude of their responsibilities and corresponding size vary wildly from only a prime minister, with a single duty to fulfill, to thousands of minor officials who must micromanage resources for the empire.
Ministry of the Treasury
Praeministrum: Mensarius Superbus
Administered by the Mensarius Superbus (Supreme Financier), the Treasury controls distribution of aediles and quaestores throughout the Imperium. An aedile is a magistrate with access to the treasury itself in Constantinople - no one other than the 120 aediles can withdraw public funds. Their job usually consists of writing cheques to the various institutions, such as other ministries, in the federal government. There are two Censores who audit their activity throughout any given year. Withdrawals made without the necessary approval, either from the Senate or another Ministry, are grounds for dismissal and prosecution.
A quaestor is a magistrate employed to collect taxes from the praetores across all provinces. No money can enter the treasury without documentation from one these ten scrupulous bureaucratic accountants. Their other tasks include tertiary auditing for the withdrawals from the Aerarium (federal treasury), representation of the Treasury in the Senate or other assemblies, and other kinds of financial auditing to identify corrupt or erroneous transactions.
Aside from its magistrates, the Treasury employs anywhere from a hundred to three hundred ratiocinatores (accountants) to keep the financial records and organize future spending according to legislative intentions. These people perform the groundwork of the Treasury, ensuring that no debts are forgotten, no money disappears, and no project is left to the wayside.
As for the Mensarius Superbus himself, his duties include administering treasury workers in general, writing the national budget according necessities and plans recorded by his accountants, and speaking with the Caesar on financial matters as a primary member of his Officium Imperialis.
Ministry of War (Ministerium Bellicum)
Praeministrum: Magister Militum
Administered by the Magister Militum (Master of Soldiers), the Ministry of War organizes the peacetime distribution of soldiers throughout the Imperium, sets military wages, communicates military policy to the public, and mediates requests for broad military policy from the Senate with the strategy of the Legion high command. This places the ministry at the forefront of the discrete machinations of the Roman military, being informed of every operation needing government clearance. There is no rank with greater authority than the Master of Soldiers, despite his civilian status - even the Generalissimus of the Legion only has equal command and imperium (executive power). He has a unique access to the empire's satellite defense network and shares access codes for other weapons of mass destruction (e.g. nukes) with the Generalissimus.
As a way of coordinating national policy with military strategy, the MM or another magistrate from his ministry attend every meeting of the Caetus Legati (Gathering of Legates) where both global strategy and local tactics are designed.
Ministry of Justice
Praeministrum: Magnus Judex
Administered by the Magnus Judex (High Judge), the Ministry of Justice arranges the album judicum - a list of every licensed jurist eligible for judging cases in a lawful court - and decides on the time and place of sessions in every Roman court of law. The Tribunalis Ultima (Supreme Court) in the center of Rome is presided over by the Magnus Judex and is the highest court of Roman law. Decisions ruled as part of a proceeding in the Supreme Court cannot be overruled elsewhere, unless the relevant law is changed by senatus consultum. Presiding over this court is one of the primary functions of the ministry.
Ministry of Diplomacy (Officium Externum)
Administered with little oversight by the Proprinceps, the External Office deploys legatae (diplomats) to foreign governments or institutions and maintains foreign embassies in other countries. As the most knowledgeable minister regarding foreign affairs, the Proprinceps is often the closest advisor of the Caesar - historically, it was his status as the emperor's second that required such knowledge of him. When the office was created in 360 CE, it was also the second most powerful position in Rome, allowing its occupant to make decisions on behalf of the emperor. Today, it remains one of the highest offices in a nobleman's cursus honorum, often sought out instead of Princeps Senatus.
The control and responsibility of a position tasked with managing the relations of Rome with foreign powers is hard to understate. In practice, a Proprinceps often makes the decision whether or not to pursue closer or more aloof relations with another country and, in the past, they have had far-reaching consequences for the first contact with other nations.
Ministry of Culture
Administered by the Maecenarius, the Ministry of Culture has an essential role in fostering the national and international reputation of Rome. Every national sporting event is planned and executed by this ministry, as are major appearances of an emperor to the public. National celebrations such as the anniversaries of the founding of Rome are also designed completely by members of the Ministry of Culture.
However, party planning is far from the ministry's only function. It is also tasked with guiding the development of Roman cultures, enforcing the Romanization of smaller cultures into the "purple cloth" of Rome. This is less important now than it was during the colonization of India or the annexation of Muscovia but it remains an ongoing task. Last but not least of its functions is the direct management of public media such as the national newspaper, public radio, nationwide television broadcasts, and international distribution of Roman television, radio, movies, and other pieces of culture. While many foreign governments fear the Legion, it is the Ministry of Culture that has granted Rome its greatest influence over the rest of the human race.
Ministry of Transportation
Praeministrum: Magister Vehicularum
Administered by the Magister Vehicularum (Master of Public Vehicles), the Ministry of Transportation maintains infrastructure for public transportation within the Imperium including viae publicae, subterrae, caeliporta, navaliae, and railways, safeguards the blueprints for the imperial transportation network, sets speed limits when changes are necessary, and monitors the flow of traffic throughout the Imperium.
Most autoki (cars) manufactured in the last 50 years have automated chauffeurs that plan routes and directly control the vehicle. These systems interface with a network run by the Ministry of Transportation that tracks the movement of every vehicle on a public highway by a combination of satellites surveillance, global positioning systems, and automation software. Communication between millions of cars at once ensures incomparable efficiency on all public highways despite frequent interaction with human drivers. Such automation greatly extends the charge of one battery on vehicles and has the precision to completely prevent collisions between cars that are not helmed by more fallible humans.
|Ministry of the Tribunate|
Solely consisting of the Tribunus Plebis (Plebeian Tribune), this ministry exercises the jus intercessionis, i.e. the veto against harmful legislation. The sole purpose of the Tribune is to prevent legislation that disenfranchises the class of society which cannot hold other offices or that roots economic inequality in the law. A Tribune is elected every year from well-educated members of the Plebeian Order by popular assembly of the citizens of Rome.
|Ministry of the Treasury|
Administered by the Mensarius Superbus (Supreme Financier), this ministry controls the spread of aediles and quaestors throughout the Imperium and is charged with allocating regular spending for the government. Income from taxes and public guilds is collected by the Treasury for deposit in the Aerarium in Constantinople.
|Ministry of Justice|
Administered by the Judex Magnus (High Judge), this ministry organizes the album judicum, a list of all licensed jurists for judging cases in court, decides the time and place of sessions in all imperial courts, and presides directly over cases in the Tribunalis Ultima (Supreme Court) in Rome.
|Ministry of War|
Administered by the Magister Militum (Master of the Soldiers), this ministry organizes the peacetime distribution of legions, sets military wages across all ranks, communicates military policy to the public and government, and communicates the Caesar and Senate's general strategic goals to the highest military officials. The Magister works alongside the Generalissimus, his equal in imperium (executive power), and attends meetings of the Caetus Legati (Gathering of Legates). He also holds the codes for all weapons of mass destruction (weapon satellites, nukes, etc).
|Ministry of Defense|
Administered by the Praeministrum Custodiem (Prime Minister of Defense), this ministry maintains the static defenses of the Imperium, initiates new defensive installations on land, and organizes the peacetime distribution of national guard units across all castra (miitary bases).
|Roman Intelligence Service|
Administered by the Rector Indicius (Director of the RIS), this ministry controls the division of the Praetorian Guard dedicated to espionage and other clandestine operations. All foreign missions to gather intelligence are instigated by the RIS and performed by its highly-trained Auctores (Agents).
The 18 Censores (Censors) of the Comitia Censoria (Censorial Assembly) are sacrosanct magistrates tasked with safeguarding the principles of the Constitution. Their task is to oversee the executive for constitutional violations, intercede against legislation which violates constitutional law, prosecute magistrates for poor moral and legal conduct, and uphold public morality by example and education.
|Ministry of Diplomacy|
Administered by the Proprinceps, this ministry deploys diplomats and maintains embassies in foreign countries according to the direct orders of the Caesar. The Proprinceps is the closest advisor to the emperor and must be well versed in the affairs of other countries, allowing him to personally advise the emperor on foreign policy.
|Ministry of Philosophy|
|Administered by the Doctor Naturalis (Scientific Specialist), this ministry coordinates the scientific development underway in centers of research throughout the Imperium, deciding where to allocate research grants and what to prioritize for national research programs. The Doctor directly updates the Senate and Caesar on current science.|
|Ministry of Technology|
Administered by the Praeministrum Technes (Prime Minister of Technology), this ministry constantly updates the government on modern technology, oversees the spread of technical information between guilds, and establishes the standards of measurement for all scientists and engineers working in the Imperium.
|Ministry of Culture|
Administered by the Maecenarius, this ministry oversees the cultural evolution of the global Roman culture, leads the process of Romanization of minor cultures, operates the public media services, and organizes national sporting events such as the Capitoline Games and Bellatoria Championship.
|Ministry of the Church|
Administered by the Princeps Auspex (Chief Augur), this ministry coordinates the Ecclesia Catholica with both the government in general and the Pontifex Maximus - the Caesar. Most of its interactions with the government is to deliver administrative commands from the Caesar to the College of Pontiffs but it also provides theological counsel from the expert College of Augurs, official Catholic theologians and interpreters of the Bible.
|Ministry of Languages|
Administered by the Praeministrum Linguarum (Prime Minister of Languages), this ministry translates all documents and laws into the regional legal languages, employs mediators in international events, sells translating services to major guilds, and controls the Academia Lingua in Rome, arbiter of the evolution of Latin.
|Ministry of Transportation|
Administered by the Magister Vehicularum (Master of Vehicles), this ministry maintains all public transportation within the Imperium including public roads, railways, subways, docks, and airports, establishes standards for conduct while driving a car, safeguards the blueprints for the imperial transportation network, and determines speed limits when such changes are necessary.
|Ministry of Energy|
Administered by the Praeministrum Potentiae (Prime Minister of Power), this ministry maintains the infrastructure for power generation in the Imperium, establishes safety and efficiency standards for the electrical power industry, and oversees the operations of nuclear reactors, hydroelectric dams and power lines.
|Ministry of Upper Education|
Administered by the Eruditionis (Most Educated One), this ministry establishes the national curricula for upper schools (universales et academiae), enforces absolute adherence to this school system, sets entrance standards for students and professors at the university and academy level, confers teaching licenses and sends delegates to directly hand out degrees to graduating doctores.
|Ministry of Lower Education|
|Administered by the Praeministrum Ludones (Prime Minister of Education), this ministry establishes national curricula for lower schools (grammatici), enforces nationwide adherence to these programs, and confers teaching licenses for lower school teachers.|