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The Spanish Armed Forces/Spanish Army is the largest in Western Europe. It is capable of challenging the French armies and is navy is the second largest in Europe, only just behind the USSR's Black Sea Fleet.
The Spanish Army has existed continuously since the reign of King Fernando and Queen Isabel (late 15th century). The oldest and largest of the three services, its mission was the defense of peninsula Spain, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Melilla, Ceuta and the Spanish islands and rocks off the northern coast of Africa. The army is completing a major reorganization. It had previously been organized into nine regional operational commands. These were reduced to six commands in conjunction with a revised deployment of forces: Central Command, Southern Command, Levante Command, Eastern Pyrenees Command, Northwestern Command, and Western Pyrenees Command. In addition there were the two military zones of the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. Ceuta and Melilla fell within the Southern Command. At the head of each regional and zonal command was an officer of three-star rank. Although his authority had been reduced, the regional commander, who held the title of captain general, was still among the most senior officers of the army.
Under its earlier organization, the army was grouped into two basic categories: the Immediate Intervention Forces and the Territorial Operational Defence Forces. In theory, the former, consisting of three divisions and ten brigades, had the missions of defending the Pyrenean and the Gibraltar frontiers and of fulfilling Spain's security commitments abroad. The latter force, consisting of two mountain divisions and fourteen brigades, had the missions of maintaining security in the regional commands and of re-inforcing the Civil Guard and the police against subversion and terrorism. In reality, most of the Immediate Intervention Forces were not positioned to carry out their ostensible mission of protecting the nation's borders. Many units were stationed near major cities - as a matter of convenience for officers who held part-time jobs - from which they also could be called upon to curb disturbances or unrest.
In a gradual process that had not been fully completed, the division of the army into the Immediate Intervention Forces and the Territorial Operational Defence Forces was being abolished. The brigade had become the fundamental tactical unit. The total number of brigades had been reduced from twenty-four to fifteen by the dismantling of nine territorial defence brigades. Eleven of the brigades had been organized within the existing five divisions; three brigades were to be independent, and one was to be in general reserve.
The best equipped of the five was the First Division, the Brunete Armored Division, with its armored brigade in the Madrid area and its mechanized brigade farther to the southwest near Badajoz. The motorized Second Division, Guzman el Bueno Division, which had acquired a third brigade as a result of the reorganization, was the major defensive force in the south, with full capability for rapid maneuver. The mechanized Third Division, the Maestrazgo Division, under the Levante Command, consisted of two brigades considered to have a moderate degree of mobility. The two mountain divisions, the Fourth Division--or Urgel Division and the Fifth Division--or Navarra Division, each consisting of two mountain brigades, remained in the Pyrenees border area of the north. Two of the four independent brigades were armored cavalry, one was an airborne brigade, and one was a paratroop brigade (in general reserve).
Numerous other changes were introduced as well, including the reorganization of artillery forces not included in the major combat units. This involved the creation of a field artillery command that consisted of a restructured and consolidated former artillery brigade, the creation of a single straits coastal artillery command that replaced two former coastal artillery regiments, and the introduction of an antiaircraft artillery command that was expected to benefit from significant modernizing of its weapons inventory.
Spain buys most of its aircraft and thanks Yugoslavia. So for details on these see the Military of Yugoslavia article.
The S-27 makes up a vital part of the Spanish armed strategy, not only is it used as part of Spain's nuclear deterrent it also carries Spanish army units to and from the battlefield and is a good tactical bomber. It is a turboprop aircraft with four propellers and a potential bomb load of over ten Megatons (Tactical nuclear load).
Falange Class Aircraft Carrier
The Falange class are the newest type of ship in service with the Spanish Navy with the first having entered service in 1990 and the last SMB Franco only entering service in 2006. The class is a STOBAR carrier that is meant to supplement the two much larger Madrid class carriers. They are used to project Spanish power to Spanish colonies in North Africa and act as a visible deterrent to the USSR's naval forces.
Madrid Class Aircraft Carrier
The Madrid Class are the oldest in the Spanish arsenal having been the first supercarriers commissioned by a European power in the 1950's. Two are still in service and make up a vital part of the Spanish nuclear deterrent as they hold the Spanish J-30 fighters that launch Spain's ALBM's. They are also used to project power to Spanish colonies and in the event of a full scale war (The Third European war) they are the keystone in Spanish naval strategy.
Catalan Class Cruiser
The Catalan Class Cruiser is the largest and most powerful surface combatant in the Spanish Navy, Designed at the same time as the Falange class carriers they entered service just before the 3rd European war broke out. During the war they worked alongside the Madrid Carriers and Yugoslav destroyers to hunt and sink Soviet naval groups.