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Military History of the Gurkani Sultanate (Principia Moderni IV Map Game)

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With thousands of years of recorded history, and due to an unchanging geographic (and subsequently geopolitical) condition, Persia has had a long, varied, and checkered military culture and history, ranging from triumphant and unchallenged ancient military supremacy affording effective superpower status in its day, to a series of near catastrophic defeats (beginning with the destruction of Elam) at the hand of previously subdued and conquered peripheral nations (including Greece, Macedon, Arabia, and the Asiatic nomadic tribes at the Eastern boundary of the lands traditionally home to the Iranian people).

This list primarily mentions the Military History of the Gurkani Sultanate, a state which has had a long and complex history and as a result has been involved in a broad range of conflicts. The conflicts that the Gurkani have or are currently participating in as follows, displayed in a manner to indicate which Sultan ruled during each war.

List of Wars

Sultan Shahrukh Mirza (1410 - 1434)

Shahrukh Mirza's reign as the Sultan began following the end of the Timurid Interregnum which lasted roughly from 1407 to 1410. Shahrukh Mirza came out on top, securing the sovereignity and integrity of the Gurkani Sultanate. Only four years following the Civil War, fears of a Nogai revolt erupted which prompted the Sultan to invade the Kingdom of Georgia in hopes of securing a coastline with the Black Sea. The successful conquest of Georgia ensured Gurkani contact with the Black Sea and resulted in the relatively peaceful release of the Astrakhan Khanate the very same year. However, the Russian Boyardom had also set its sights upon the Black Sea and subsequently invaded the Astrakhan the next year. The resultant war resulted in the occupation of the Western portion of the Astrakhan Khanate, opening up Russia to the Black Sea. Whilst the Gurkani secured the independence of the Eastern halve, halting Russian expansion; it was nevertheless a defeat for the Gurkani forces. This war would ignite the flames of a long-lasting Russo-Gurkani rivalry that would result in the loss of thousands of lives. Such was the impact of the war that only four years later, the Gurkani Sultanate would invade the Genoan colonies in Crimea, a decision undertaken to take control of the Kerch Straits and limit Russian influence in the Black Sea. During the last few years of Shahrukh Mirza's reign, the Sultanate faced a major famine which coupled with raiders attacking food caravans further deteriorated the situation. In response, the Sultan armed the caravans and began cracking down on the inhabitants of the Samarkand and Bukhara Wilayets, keen identifying and punishing the raiders. This sufficed and the raiding stopped, however this did not stop Shahrukh who continued his oppressive and autocratic policies up until his death.

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
Gurkani - Georgian War 1414 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Sakartvelo - drosha Kingdom of Georgia Victory
  • The Kingdom of Georgia is annexed into the Gurkani Sultanate
First White War 1415 - 1416 Golden Horde flag 1339 Astrakhan Khanate

Supported by:

Novgorod flag pm3 Russian Boyardom Defeat
  • The Russian Boyardom occupies Western portions of the Astrakhan Khanate
  • Eastern portions of the Astrakhan Khanate maintain independence with Gurkani support
The Gazarian War 1420 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Flag of Genoa Republic of Genoa Victory
  • The Genoan colonies in the Crimean Peninsula are occupied
The Mawarannahr Insurgecy 1430 - 1432 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Mawarannahr Raiders Victory
  • Raiding of Gurkani food caravans comes to a halt

Sultan Ulugh Beg Mirza (1434 - 1445)

Following the death of Sultan Shahrukh Mirza, he was succeeded by his son, Ulugh Beg Mirza. Ulugh Beg's reign was relatively peace and stable until 1437 when the inhabitants of Central Asia expressed their anger towards the draconian measures adopted by the Sultan and the promotion of Persian culture by the Royal family. Both of these were valid reasons as Ulugh Beg had continued his fathers oppressive policies in Central Asia, persecuting the Turkics residing in the region. Moreover, the fact that Ulugh Beg had decreed his half-Arab son as his heir further infuriated the people. Simultaneously, the Arabs in Mesopotamia increasingly felt detached from the Monarchy, with the unrest backed by the Abbasid Caliphate. Much to the dismay of the nobles, Ulugh Beg spent most of his time surrounded by books instead of concentrating on national issues. As such, when the Arabs revolted in 1439, the Sultan was left completely aloof with the entire responsibility put on his son, Zeeshan Beg Mirza and his nephew, Mahmud Mirza. Simultaneously, the Uzbeks staged their own revolt in Khorasan, infamously storming the cities of Samarkand and Bukhara and slaughtering the Crown Prince, his wife and their infant son. With the revolts crippling the Sultanate, the Abbasids and Ottomans exploited the opportunity to launch massive attacks upon the cities of Mosul and Trebizond respectively. The prospect of facing such massive armies frightened the Sultan who reportedly retreated to the company of the Royal harem whilst Zeeshan and Mahmud fought on the front lines. Both sides suffered large-scale casualties in the battles but the overall outcome placed the Gurkani on top who secured decisive victories in both Mosul and Trebizond. Hoping to exploit the chaos, the Russians had also joined the war and managed to overrun Crimea and marchimg down the Caucasus. Whilst initially the Gurkani were unable to defend their yerritories due to the entire army being stationed in Mesopotamia, Mahmud Mirza later marched to confront the Russians abd chased them out of the Sultanate. Despite having successfully repulsed the invasions, it was little more than a pyrrhic victory with hundreds of thousands slaughtered during the war. Nonetheless, despite all the damage done due fo the war, it also had some benefits as it witnessed the recognition of Zeeshans leadership capabilities and of Mahmud as a military prodigy, both seen as war heroes. Mahmud Mirza would later also be responsible for his string of victories in the Baloch Sultanate where he would decisively defeat the Baloch tribes and annex the Sultanate. Meanwhile, following the cessation of hostilities, Ulugh Beg would step down under massive pressure from the aristocracy, abdicating the throne and being forced to exile in Bukhara where he would die 17 years later.

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
The Arab Fitna 1439 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Abbasid flag Arab Rebels

Supported by:

Victory
  • Rebels subdued
The Uzbek Fitna 1439 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Flag of Uzbekistan (New Union) Uzbek Rebels Defeat
  • Rebels successfully break off with the entire Eastern portion of the Sultanate
The Tigris War 1439 - 1442 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate CaliphateFlag Abbasid Caliphate
Flag of the Ottoman Sultanate (1299-1453) Ottoman Empire
Novgorod flag pm3 Russia (1440-1441)
Inconclusive
  • Coalition invasion of the Gurkani Sultanate repulsed
  • Overall status quo ante bellum
Gurkani - Baloch War 1443 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army Baloch Sultanate Victory
  • The Baloch Sultanate is annexed into the Gurkani Sultanate

Sultan Zeeshan Beg Mirza (1445 - 1468)

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
Gurkani - Pashtun War 1451 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Flag of Afghanistan (1901–1919) Pashtun Sultanate Victory
  • The Pashtun Sultanate is annexed into the Gurkani Sultanate
Second White War 1462 - 1464 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate
Golden Horde flag 1339 Astrakhan Khanate
Novgorod flag pm3 Russian Boyardom Victory

Sultan Salman Beg Mirza (1468 - 1480)

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
Permian Revolt 1470 - 1471 Tatar Rebels

Supported by:

Novgorod flag pm3 Russian Boyardom Victory
  • Rebels successfully break off and join the Astrakhan Khanate

Sultan Suleiman Shah Mirza (1480 - 1512)

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
The Cossack War 1481 - 1483 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate
Golden Horde flag 1339 Astrakhan Khanate
Royal Banner of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Polish Empire Victory
Adana War 1483 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Republic of Turkey 2 Ramazanid Sultanate Victory
  • The Ramazanid Sultanate is annexed into the Gurkani Sultanate
Rhodes Incident 1483 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate Cross of the Knights Hospitaller Knights Hospitaller

Supported by:

Inconclusive
  • The Gurkani Sultanate withdraws its fleet
Third White War 1483 - 1485 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate

Golden Horde flag 1339 Astrakhan Khanate

Novgorod flag pm3 Russian Boyardom

Royal Banner of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Polish Empire Supported by:

Inconclusive
  • Tactical victory secured by the Gurkani Sultanate
  • Overall status quo ante bellum
Hamadi Insurgency 1484 - 1490 Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate

Supported by:


CaliphateFlag Abbasid Caliphate (1485 - 1487)

Al-Hamad flag Hamadi Rebels

Supported by:

Flag of The Imamate of Oman Kingdom of Oman (1485 - 1487)

Victory
  • Hamadi rebels driven out of the Levant
  • Oman's navy destroyed

Sultan Tahmasp Shah Mirza (1512 - )

Conflict Year(s) Side One Side Two Result
War of the Cannons 1513 - Flag of the Mughal Empire Gurkani Sultanate

Delhi Sultanate Flag Delhi Sultanate
Supported by:

Golden Horde flag 1339 Astrakhan Khanate (1517 - 1518)

Flag of Mongolia (Russian America) Tsetseg's Horde

Drapeau Udaipur Mewâr Rajput Confederacy (1513 - 1517)

Ongoing
  • Rajput uprising crushed
  • Tsetseg's invasion of the Astrakhan repulsed

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