Michael James Stewart (May 10, 1879 - June 22, 1942) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of Scotland from 1935 to 1942, as well as Leader of the Labour Party from 1933 to 1942.
Stewart first entered parliament in 1909 as MP for Fife, a seat he would hold despite boundary changes until his death. He became a prominent voice within the party, and when Ramsay MacDonald formed the first Labour government in 1925 Stewart became postmaster general. Following MacDonald's resignation as party leader in 1933 Stewart was narrowly elected party leader.
He led the Labour Party to a landslide election victory in 1935, and led one of the most radical and reforming government's in Scottish history. Stewart created a series of public works schemes to reduce unemployment and built an expansive welfare state. Stewart led Labour to further election victories in 1939 and 1942, before dying suddenly of a heart attack on June 22, 1942.
Michael James Stewart was born on May 10, 1879 in Fife.
Early Political Career
Stewart had been active in the labour movement since 1899.
The 1935 election resulted in a landslide victory for the Labour Party
Labour introduced a wave of economic reforms, through the formation of a national employment scheme based around public works, as well as the nationalisation of the railways and ports.
Stewart is regularly regarded as one of the best Prime Ministers in Scottish history, both by academics and the general public. He is the only Prime Minister in Scottish history to win three successive majority governments.