Michael James Stewart

Thorvald Stauning
Portrait of Michael James Stewart

Prime Minister of Scotland
March 27, 1935 - June 22, 1942

Predecessor TBD
Successor Henry Nicholson

Leader of the Labour Party
1933 - 1942

Predecessor Ramsay MacDonald
Successor Henry Nicholson

Postmaster General

Predecessor TBD
Successor TBD
Born May 10, 1879
Died June 22, 1942
Spouse Annie Stewart
Political Party Labour Party
Profession Politician

Michael James Stewart (May 10, 1879 - June 22, 1942) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of Scotland from 1935 to 1942, as well as Leader of the Labour Party from 1933 to 1942.

Stewart first entered parliament in 1909 as MP for Fife, a seat he would hold despite boundary changes until his death. He became a prominent voice within the party, and when Ramsay MacDonald formed the first Labour government in 1925 Stewart became postmaster general. Following MacDonald's resignation as party leader in 1933 Stewart was narrowly elected party leader.

He led the Labour Party to a landslide election victory in 1935, and led one of the most radical and reforming government's in Scottish history. Stewart created a series of public works schemes to reduce unemployment and built an expansive welfare state. Stewart led Labour to further election victories in 1939 and 1942, before dying suddenly of a heart attack on June 22, 1942.

Early Life

Michael James Stewart was born on May 10, 1879 in Fife. 

Early Political Career

Stewart had been active in the labour movement since 1899. 


The 1935 election resulted in a landslide victory for the Labour Party

Labour introduced a wave of economic reforms, through the formation of a national employment scheme based around public works, as well as the nationalisation of the railways and ports. 


Stewart is regularly regarded as one of the best Prime Ministers in Scottish history, both by academics and the general public. He is the only Prime Minister in Scottish history to win three successive majority governments.