Mexico (i/ˈmɛksɨkoʊ/; Spanish: México, IPA: [ˈmexiko]), officially the United Mexican States[9][10] (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States of America and Durango; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, Yucatan, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. It covers 672047.525 km2 (259,479 mi2).

Mexico has had a turbulent history, after declaring independence, then facing the secession of Texas, the Republic of the Rio Grande, the British-Mexican War, the Mexican-American War, the Guatemalan-Mexican War, the French-Mexican War, and World War I. Since its founding, Mexico has lost 4,253,235 km2 (1,642,183 mi2) of its territory, approximately 86% of the territory from its declaration of independence.

Political Divisions

Mexico has 17 states and one federal district.

Mexico States
State/Territory Capital Size (mi2) Population
Nayarit Tepic 10,756
Zacatecas Zacatecas 29,067
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 2,169.04
Michoacán Morelia 22,625
Colima Colima 2,173
Jalisco Guadalajara 30,343
Guerrerro Chilpancingo 24,555
Oaxaca Oaxaca 36,200
Veracruz Xalapa 27,732
San Luis Potosi San Luis Potosí 23,605
Guanajuato Guanajuato 11,817
Querétaro Querétaro 4,517
Hidalgo Pachuca 8,036
State of Mexico Toluca 8,630
Puebla Puebla 13,246
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala 1,551
Morelos Cuernavaca 1,884
Mexican Federal District n/a 573

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