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Mexico, officially the Empire of Mexico, or the Mexican Empire (Spanish: Imperio de México, Imperio Mexicano), is a federal constitutional monarchy located in North America. Mexico is bordered to the north by the United States, to the east-southeast by Central America, and to the south by the West Indies Federation. It also shares maritime borders with the US state of South California to the west, across the Gulf of California. A population of 112.5 million ranks Mexico as the 8th-largest nation in the world.
Mexico is a member of the G-30 emerging economies, NATO, NAFTA, and League of Nations. It is classified as a regional power, and an emerging global power, both economically and militarily. The tourism industry is one of Mexico's largest, and the largest in all of Latin America. Cancun and Acapulco's famous beaches draw in millions of tourists annually, while historical sites in and around Mexico City bring millions more.
Arrival of Cortes and New Spain (1519-1810)
War for Independence (1810-1821)
Establishment and Reign of Agustín I (1822-1854)
Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
Main Article: Mexican-American War (1846-1848)