In 1521, the Area that is now Mexico was conquered by Spain and made into the colony often referred to as 'New Spain.' After a war of independence 300 years later, Mexico was recognized as its own nation, controlling modern Mexico, the American West, and Central America. The Mexican-American war in 1846 led to the territorial cession of over half of the nation's area to the U.S, as well as the loss of the semi-recognized Republic of Texas. The Mexican Revolution led to a disorganization of power in the 1920s, allowing former Austrian Politician Adolf Hitler to take control as Supreme Leader, pulling Mexico into a fascist regime and beginning the American War.
Following Fascist Mexican defeat in 1950, the nation joined NATO and the League of Nations, gaining one of the most developed economies in the west by the beginning of the 21st century.