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The Mexican Congress is the legislative body of the Mexican government with 1000 members. Elections are held every 5 years. The Congress was established following independence, but it had a very limited role. The Congress became important in 1868 following the new constitution.
According to the Constitution of 1868, the role of the Congress is clearly outlined:
- Congress approves the actions of the Imperial Court. A Congressional veto cannot be overridden.
- Congress has the reserved powers to regulate international trade, maintain armed forces, and declare war.
- Congressional approval is needed for signing alliances with foreign nations, an amendment to the constitution, or the removal of a government official.
- Congress has power over Provincial Congress and Courts.
Elections for Congress Representatives are held every five years in all electoral districts. In case of the death of a representative during his term in office, the district will nominate a provisional representative for Congress. The Prime Minister is the head of the party that has a Congressional majority. The current Prime Minister was chosen in 2005.
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