After defeating frontrunner, Texas Governor George W. Bush, in the race for the for the Republican Nomination John McCain went on to defeat Vice President Al Gore in the general election, thus being elected the forty-third President of the United States of America.
After being sworn in as President on January 20, 2001 McCain led the groundwork for an overhaul of U.S domestic policy and helped reform national energy and health care policy. Early in his presidency the United States was struck by the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks. McCain responded by declaring the War On Terrorism. This was followed by several successful conflicts In Afghanistan, Iraq, Sudan and Uzbekistan.
In 2004 McCain was re-elected in a landslide against Democratic opponent Howard Dean of Vermont. In 2005 McCain ordered the immediate reconstruction of New Orleans after the destruction of Hurricane Katrina. in 2006 McCain signed the treaty of Zurich thus creating the successful League of Democracies. In 2009 McCain was succeeded by Vice President George W. Bush.