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|Location||Fourth planet from Sun|
|Equatorial radius||3,396.2km (0.531 Earth's)|
|Surface Area||144,798,500 km2|
|Surface Gravity||0.376g (3.711 m/s2)|
|Surface temp.||-143°C to 35°C (mean: -63°C)|
|Surface pressure||0.636 kPa|
|Atmosphere||95.32% carbon dioxide, 2.7% nitorgen, 1.6% argon, 0.13% oxygen, 0.25% other|
|Year of Colonization||2010|
|Population||2,620 people (2010)|
After the devastation of two large-scale nuclear wars on the Earth, the surviving nations, led by the Croatian Empire, devoted sizable resources to establishing a human colony on Mars. A terraforming project was also devised in 2009 called Project Last Hope.
It was hoped that the lessons learned from attempting to terraform Mars would one day be helpful in restoring the severely damaged environment of the Earth. A series of transport rockets left for Mars in 2009 arriving a year later with materials for the future colonists. Additional rockets and the Mars Cycler named the Kučera brougth a total of 2,620 colonists to the surface of Mars by the end of 2010.
By this point the vast expense of Project Last Hope was becoming unsustainable by the nations of Earth. The countless billions would be of better use to improve the lives of the 1.5 billion inhabitants of the homeworld as opposed to being wasted on a couple thousand colonists. Luckily the Kučera allows for regular, relatively inexpense, resupply of the colony. Major expansion is unlikely in the near future.
Two settlements were established during the rush to colonize the world. The first is near the north polar ice cap. The second is to the east of Alba Mons. Both have growing underground habitations to help protect the colonists from radiation.
On 13 April 2011 the first human is born on Mars. Eva Ljubanović weighed only 2.58 kg but was otherwise healthy. She will be the subject of much examination to study the effects of Martian gravity on humans.
Native life has yet to be found on Mars. With a majority of their time spent on survival and scientific resources being focused on studying the effects on human biology, there is little time or facilities to conduct a proper search for martian life.
MARS IN MEDIA
Mars has long been an inspiration for science fiction. The most famous post-colonization example of this is the Croatian television program Svemir: AD2099, a show about Mars being blown out of the solar system at near light speed due to a dreadful accident. Each episode Mars would encounter a new star system or alien menace that would have to be dealt with by the colonial leaders to defend the 50,000 human colonists.