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The Majapahit Republic is a republic in Southeast Asia. It is the second largest country in Southeast Asia by size, population and economy. The country consists of approximately 15,560 islands with the main islands of Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Papua. It has an area of over 1.84 million sq km and a population of nearly 230 million spread over 38 administrative provinces. The country was ruled by the Dutch as the Dutch East Indies from 1800 to 1951. The country regained independence in 1951 following a brutal war, aided by Myanmar. Majapahit is now a parliamentary democracy but with a history of strongman rule. The current head of state is retired general Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of the National Democratic Party (PNDM-Partai Nasional Demokrasi Majapahit).
The economy is heavily dependent on the production of natural gas and agriculture. The country's main exports are oil and gas, rubber, fertilizers and textiles while the main imports are manufactured goods, timber, chemicals and fuels. Myanmar is Majapahit's main trading partner with annual trade volume of over 278 billion Kyats (USD 312 billion). The Majapahitian currency, the Kepang, is the third least valued currency in the world, with 1 Kyat equal to 100,000 Kepangs.
The Majapahit islands have been an important trade route between China and India since the 7th century. From the 7th century, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom flourished as a result of trade and the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism that were imported with it. Between the 8th and 10th centuries, the agricultural Buddhist Sailendra and Hindu Mataram dynasties thrived and declined in inland Java, leaving grand religious monuments such as Sailendra's Borobudur and Mataram's Prambanan. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of Indonesia.
The Majapahit Republic is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Asian Regional Council (ARC) and the Federation of Buddhist Nations (FBN). Around 90% of Majapahit's population is Buddhist, 8% Hindu and 2% tribal religions. The Hindus are found mainly in the Balinese islands while some of the isolated islands maintain their tribal religions. Its population is amongst the most pious in the Buddhist world, based on donations as percentage of personal income. Majapahit faces a major Hindu separatist insurgency in the Balinese islands.